A Long, Strong Thread

For many of us, our understanding of Native American history ends up a bit simplified. We hit a few major milestones in our history courses, bounce through some examples from entertainment (for better or worse), then watch it fade into the background without it impacting our lives.

But we’re missing so much! The umbrella term “Native American” refers to an immensely diverse history of Indigenous peoples who lived everywhere from the Arctic to the southern tip of South America over tens of thousands of years. And while that’s a far more complex history than can fit in a single month’s worth of attention, we can start expanding our perception by considering just a few of the lasting contributions Native Americans have made to society.

balance scaleChecks and Balances: Brian McKenna, anthropology professor at the University of Michigan-Dearborn explains that when the thirteen colonies were fighting, Onondaga leader Canassatego encouraged them to set boundaries to distribute power. He shared the Iroquois Great Law of Peace as an example on how to set checks and balances. In fact, Benjamin Franklin invited the Iroquois Grand Council of Chiefs to speak to the Continental Congress in 1776 to give advice.
corn on the cobCorn: Author and historian Patrick J. Kigler reminds us that corn was carefully cultivated by Indigenous peoples from wild grass into an edible crop 10,000 years ago. Later, Native Americans taught Europeans how to grow it. And it’s far from the only food source adapted from the Indigenous peoples of the Americas. From Peruvian potatoes to chocolate from the Mayans to staple crops like beans and squash, Kigler estimates that 60 percent of our foods originated from Native American origins.
kayakKayaks: Designed by the Inuit of the Arctic, kayaks—small, narrow boats with a sealed cockpit—were originally built using wood or whale bone frames covered by animal hides. Today, “the design is still essentially the same,” says Dr. Gaetanna De Gennaro, supervisory specialist at New York’s National Museum of the American Indian and member of the Tohono O’odahm tribe.
sunglassesSnow Goggles: The Inuit are also who we can thank for the predecessor to today’s sunglasses. They used goggles made from wood, bone, antler, or leather to prevent overexposure to sunlight as it reflected off the snow. De Gennaro says, “They’d put a slit in there, to simulate the way that you can squint. It cut down on the ultraviolet rays that got into the eyes.”
plant in soilRaised-Bed Agriculture: Mentioned in Emory Dean Keoke and Kay Marie Porterfield’s book, American Indian Contributions to the World, Indigenous peoples from South and Central America made advancements in enriching soil for use in raised garden plots. Called “chinampas” and used in lakes or on swampy land, this technique is a forerunner to today’s raised-bed vegetable farming.
jar of hand creamTopical Pain Relievers: Keoke and Porterfield reference a range of anesthetics and topical pain relievers in their book: jimson weed ground into a plaster for use on abrasions, capsaicin from hot peppers for topical pain relief, and teas brewed from American black willow bark which contains the chemical salicin, an active ingredient in modern aspirin.
syringeSyringes: While the technology didn’t appear in European nations until the 1850s, Native Americans used syringes fashioned from animal bladders and hollow bird bones to inject medicines into the body.
When it comes to managing the impact humans have on our planet and the mounting effects of climate change, Professor McKenna says the Iroquois have some advice: “The Iroquois have the seventh generation principle, which dictates that decisions that are made today should lead to protecting the land for seven generations into the future.”Globe

Take Away: If your understanding has been narrow, this year’s Native American Heritage Month is the perfect time to begin expanding your perspective. As Dr. De Gennaro says, “People don’t realize the ingenuity or the knowledge that native people had, and continue to have about the world around them.”

1939 – 1941 WORLD WAR II (From Poland to the Eve of Pearl Harbor)

AUGUST 25, 1939

BRITAIN & POLAND AGREE TO A MILITARY ALLIANCE
The Polish-British Common Defense Pact contains promises of British military
assistance in the event that Poland is attacked by another European country. This
builds upon a previous agreement (March 1939) between the two countries, and also
with France, by specifically committing to military action in the event of an attack.
With this agreement, Zionist-Globalist forces in the UK have trapped the
reluctant Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain, as well as France. All that is left to do

now is for Polish-Jewish border thugs, under the protection of Marshal Edward Rydz-
Smigly, to deliberately provoke Germany into action and get the war started. On the

nights of August 25 to August 31 inclusive, there occur many violent attacks on
German civilians as well as German officials and property.

QUOTE TO REMEMBER:

“Chamberlain (speaking off the record to Ambassador Kennedy while golfing)
stated that the America and the world Jews had forced England into the war”.

AUGUST 28, 1939

HITLER ISSUES AN OPEN PEACE LETTER TO THE PRESIDENT OF FRANCE


Now emboldened by Britain, France and, from ‘behind the scenes’, Roosevelt, Poland’s
relentless and murderous abuse of its captive German population reaches the breaking
point. Hitler is prepared for war with Poland but is still attempting to preserve peace,
especially with France and Britain. In an open letter to French President Daladier, Hitler
makes yet another impassioned plea for peace.

Some pertinent excerpts:

“My dear Minister President:
I understand the misgiving to which you give expression. I, too, have never
overlooked the grave responsibilities which are imposed upon those who are in
charge of the fate of nations. As an old front line fighter, I, like you, know the horrors
of war. Guided by this attitude and experience, I have tried to remove all matters that
might cause conflict between our two peoples.

As you could judge for yourself during your last visit here, the German people, in the
knowledge of its own behavior held and holds no ill feelings, much less hatred, for its
one-time brave opponent. On the contrary, the pacification of our western frontier led
to an increasing sympathy.

I am deeply convinced that if, especially, England at that time had, instead of starting
a wild campaign against Germany in the press and instead of launching rumors of a
German mobilization, somehow talked the Poles into being reasonable, Europe today
and for twenty-five years could enjoy a condition of deepest peace. As things were, Polish public opinion was excited by a lie about German aggression.The Polish government declined the proposals. Polish public opinion, convinced that England and France would now fight for Poland, began to make demands one might possibly stigmatize as laughable insanity were they not so tremendously dangerous.

At that point an unbearable terror, a physical and economic persecution of the
Germans although they numbered more than a million and a half began in the
regions ceded by the Reich.

May I now take the liberty of putting a question to you, Herr Daladier: How would
you act as a Frenchman if, through some unhappy issue of a brave struggle, one of
your provinces severed by a corridor occupied by a foreign power? And if a big city –
let us say Marseilles – were hindered from belonging to France and if Frenchmen
living in this area were persecuted, beaten and maltreated, yes, murdered, in a
bestial manner?

I see no way of persuading Poland, which feels herself as unassailable, now that she
enjoys the protection of her guarantees, to accept a peaceful solution. If our two
countries on that account should be destined to meet again on the field of battle,
there would nevertheless be a difference in the motives. I, Herr Daladier, shall be
leading my people in a fight to rectify a wrong, whereas the others would be
fighting to preserve that wrong.”

QUOTE TO REMEMBER

“German men and women were hunted like wild beasts through the streets of
Bromberg. When they were caught, they were mutilated and torn to pieces by the
Polish mob. . . . Every day the butchery increased. . . . Thousands of Germans fled
from their homes in Poland with nothing more than the clothes that they wore..
On the nights of August 25 to August 31 inclusive, there occurred, besides
innumerable attacks on civilians of German blood, 44 perfectly authenticated acts
of armed violence against German official persons and property.”

William Joyce, Irish defector to Germany

AUGUST 31, 1939

‘THE GLEIWITZ’ (& other) BORDER ATTACKS / JEWISH-POLISH GUERILLAS ATTACK GERMAN RADIO STATION

Overestimating their strength, underestimating German strength, and believing that
France and the UK would now back him, Marshal Smigly allows Polish-Jewish
partisan terrorists to cross the border and attack a German radio station in Germany.
It is actually the latest in a string of deliberate border instigations against
Germany.
The “Poles” then broadcast a message (in Polish) urging others to take up arms and
start killing Germans. German police quickly arrive and retake the station, killing one
of the Red terrorists. Jewish Red terrorists, their Polish government protectors,
and their Globalist-Zionist masters have picked a fight with Germany!
Modern fake historians claim that the Gleiwitz incident was staged by Germans
dressed as Polish terrorists. But as is the case with the Reichstag Fire conspiracy

theory, they offer no evidence to support this oft-repeated lie, (beyond a forced
“confession” obtained after the war) to support this theory – a theory that ignores the
outrageous and repeated pattern of provocations directed at Hitler’s Germany ever
since 1933, the numerous border incidents, the murders of Germans and also Hitler’s
sincere attempts to negotiate a resolution to the Corridor and Danzig controversies.

QUOTE TO REMEMBER
“I lived in Germany during the 1980’s when many people who lived during the war
were still alive. I sought out anyone who lived near Poland in 1939 and was lucky
enough to meet several people. One was a customs official who said it was so bad on
the border they were armed and also had grenades in their office ready for attacks.
Another told me his farm animals were often stolen by Polish (Jewish?) terrorists.
Another told of his niece being raped by a Pole (Jew?) who crossed the border. He
told me in 1940 they caught the man and showed me a copy of the death order signed
by Heydrich, in which he ordered the man be put to death.
This is just one of many stories told to me by German civilians who witnessed these
border incursions just like had happened in 1919-1928. One thing many people fail to
see is that Poland openly attacked Germany right after World War I, which led to
many border battles. Once Germany started pressing Poland to work out a solution
to the corridor, the attacks started again. .And one thing that is clear to me is that
Germany did not make up for these attacks.”

George H. Ohio, USA

Hitler has had about all he could take from Poland.

QUOTE TO REMEMBER

“This (Declaration of War) is the fault of the anti-appeasers and the fucking Jews.”

British Duke Arthur Wellesley (5th Duke of Wellington) was the great grandson of the famous Duke of Wellington who defeated Napoleon.

SEPTEMBER 7-16, 1939

THE SAAR OFFENSIVE / FRANCE INVADES GERMANY
The Saar Offensive is a French ground invasion into Saarland, Germany. The large
scale assault is to be carried out by 40 divisions and 40 tank battalions. According to
the Franco-Polish military convention, the French Army was to gain control over
the area between the French border and the Siegfried Line of German defense. Much
to the dismay of the fools in Poland, the full 40-division all-out assault never materializes. The empty promises of empire were just an Allied trick just to get stupid Marshal Smigly to start the fight with Germany.
But a limited invasion and occupation of Germany’s Saar region does indeed occur.
On October 16 & 17, the German army, now reinforced with troops returning from
the Polish campaign, conducts a counter-offensive which retakes the lost territory
from the invading French. In liberating what the French had invaded, the Germans
lose 196 soldiers, plus 114 missing and 356 wounded. Hitler continues to plea for peace.
So you see, dear reader, the Anglo-French Allies not only instigated the war, and
not only were the first to declare war, they also drew first blood upon Germany.

SEPTEMBER 17, 1939

SOVIET UNION INVADES POLAND FROM THE EAST / ALLIES SAY NOTHING

With the Polish army being routed by the advancing Germans in the west, Stalin
cleverly decides to break the Soviet-Polish Non Aggression Pact of 1932. Poland is
stabbed in the back as Soviet forces pour in from the east. The advancing Reds carry
out massacres, the most infamous being the Katyn Forest Massacre in which 10,000
Polish Army officers are shot in the head.
Other than the pre-Versailles German areas which Germany reclaims, the Soviets will
eventually take all of Poland. In a shocking double-standard, the anti-German,
FDR, France & the UK remain oddly silent about this brutal Soviet aggression.
Poland appeals to Britain and France for help, citing the Poland-British
Defense Pact just signed a few weeks ago. The Polish ambassador in London
contacts the British Foreign Office pointing out that clause 1(b) of the agreement,
which concerned an “aggression by a European power” on Poland, should apply to
the Soviet invasion. The UK Foreign Secretary responds with hostility, stating that it
was Britain’s decision whether to declare war on the Soviet Union.
The truth is, the Allies don’t give a rat’s ass about Poland. They only used its stupid
ultra-nationalist leader (who by now has shamelessly abandoned his troops and fled
to Romania), to instigate Hitler so that they could have their war. The horror that
Poland will suffer under Soviet occupation is now Poland’s problem, not the Allies’.

SEPTEMBER 17, 1939

GERMANY DEFEATS POLAND / DANZIG AND ALL OF PRUSSIA REUNITED WITH THE REST OF GERMANY

Within a few weeks, the German-Polish War is already over. Hitler receives a hero’s
welcome upon his arrival in liberated Danzig. Hitler addresses the Danzig crowd:
“No power on earth would have borne this condition as long as Germany. I do not
know what England would have said about a similar peace solution (Versailles) at its
expense or how America or France would have accepted it.
I attempted to find a tolerable solution – even for this problem. I submitted this
attempt to the Polish rulers in the form of verbal proposals. .You know these
proposals. They were more than moderate. I do not know what mental condition the
Polish Government was in when it refused these proposals. …….As an answer,
Poland gave the order for the first mobilization. Thereupon wild terror was initiated,
and my request to the Polish Foreign Minister to visit me in Berlin once more to
discuss these questions was refused. Instead of going to Berlin, he went to
London.”
Hitler rightfully mocks Smigly as a coward:
“The Polish Marshal, who miserably deserted his armies, said that he would hack the
German Army to pieces.”

OCTOBER, 1939 – MAY, 1940

HITLER PLEADS FOR PEACE WITH BRITAIN & FRANCE
The German-Polish War has ended quickly. The Allies never had any intention of
helping Poland. The French actually invade Germany on September 7th,
advancing 8 km before stopping. The quiet period between the end of the Polish
war until May 1940, is dubbed by a U.S. Senator as “The Phony War.”
During this time, Hitler pleads for the Allies to withdraw their war declarations.
Towards France he declares:.“I have always expressed to France my desire to bury
forever our ancient enmity and bring together these two nations, both of which
have such glorious pasts.” To the British, Hitler says: “I have devoted no less effort to the achievement of Anglo-German friendship. At no time and in no place have I ever acted contrary to British interests….Why should this war in the West be fought?”
Hitler’s pleas for peace are ignored as the allies begin to mobilize more than
2,000,000 troops in Northern France. Plans are openly discussed to advance
eastward upon Germany, via “neutral” Belgium and Holland, as well as establishing
operations in “neutral” Norway and Denmark, with or without their consent.

NOVEMBER 4, 1939

FDR REPEALS THE NEUTRALITY ACTS

The Neutrality Acts prohibited the United States from selling arms to warring
nations. The purpose of these acts was to prevent the U.S. from again becoming
involved in Europe’s wars.
Throughout the 1930’s, FDR and his Zionist advisor Bernard Baruch (who had also
been an advisor to Woodrow Wilson), anticipating a new war against Germany, had
unsuccessfully tried to amend the previous Neutrality Acts. Soon after Germany
and Poland began fighting, FDR again urges Congress to repeal the Neutrality Acts.
In November of ’39, a new Neutrality Act is passed. The sale of arms to the UK is
now legal. The scheming FDR has taken a big step towards involving America in a
war that his Zio-Globo handlers have long been agitating for.

APRIL 9, 1940

GERMANY IS FORCED INTO PRE-EMPTIVE, LIMITED OCCUPATIONS OF NORWAY & DENMARK

The Allied plan of attack is to disrupt Germany’s iron ore imports from Sweden by
illegally mining Norwegian waters, and then occupying the important Norwegian port
of Narvik. Plans are also made for imposing a base of operations in Denmark,
Germany’s neutral neighbor to its north.
A Norwegian politician named Vidkun Quisling confirms the existence of these Allied plots.

(Operation Wilfred and Plan R 4). Sympathetic to Germany, and not wanting his country to become a battlefield, Quisling informs Hitler of the Anglo-French plot to wage war from the two Scandinavian countries.

Germany moves quickly to secure the Norwegian port of Narvik just before the
British can place their mines, and also to occupy Denmark. German diplomats assure
the leaders of both Scandinavian nations that Germany seeks neither conquest nor
interference in internal affairs. Life under limited German occupation goes on
quietly for the Scandinavians during the war. Quisling’s name is now a dictionary
word in the English language, synonymous with “traitor” – a totally unfair characterization.

MAY 10, 1940

GREAT BRITAIN INVADES NEUTRAL ICELAND

The British invasion of tiny, neutral Iceland is code named “Operation Fork.” It
begins on May 10, 1940 (the same day that Churchill comes to power) with British
troops disembarking in the Capital City of Reykjavik.

The British quickly move inland, disabling communications networks and securing landing locations.

The government of Iceland protests the violation of their neutrality, but to no avail.
This force is then subsequently augmented, to a final strength of 25,000.

The recently thwarted British occupations of neutral Denmark and Norway, and the successful
occupation of neutral Iceland, show that Rothschild Britain is the true aggressor of the coming war in Western Europe. Although FDR, up until December 1941, promises that America will remain non-belligerent, 30,000 US troops will relieve the British and occupy Iceland in spring of 1941.

MAY 10, 1940

WINSTON CHURCHILL BECOMES UK’s PRIME MINISTER
With the preparations for war in place, the reluctant warrior Neville Chamberlain is
finally pushed aside as the lunatic, drunken, cigar chomping Winston Churchill takes
his place. Churchill’s record of treason already includes the World War I sinking of
the Lusitania (when he was Lord of the Admiralty).
Churchill, and his wealthy London (and New York) Zionist backers, have been
advocating for war with Germany for the past 6 years. His warmongering had made
him an outcast in British politics. But now, with the Zionist press of Britain
misrepresenting the facts surrounding the German-Polish War, Churchill is portrayed
as some sort of wise prophet.
Hitler knows very well who Churchill is, and who he works for. He had even referred
to Churchill in past speeches as part of Britain’s “government of tomorrow”. With
Chamberlain gone and Churchill now in power, Hitler now knows for certain that
“the Phony War” is about to become very real.

QUOTE TO REMEMBER:

“I emphasized that the defeat of Germany and Japan and their elimination from
world trade would give Britain a tremendous opportunity to swell her foreign
commerce in both volume and profit.”

– Bernard M. Baruch

MAY 10, 1940

GERMANY LAUNCHES PRE-EMPTIVE INVASION OF ‘LOW COUNTRIES’

Hitler’s pleas for peace have been repeatedly ignored as 400,000 British and at least
2,000,000 French troops have massed in northern France. The massive invasion
of Germany’s industrial Ruhr region is to come through the ostensibly “neutral”
League of Nations member states of Belgium and The Netherlands (Holland), whose
governments are under intense Allied pressure to allow safe passage for the planned
Allied attack on the bordering Ruhr region of Germany.
Again, Hitler’s hand is forced. On the same day that Churchill comes to power, and
that the UK invades Iceland, as an act of national self-defense, Germany takes the
fight to the Allies before they can bring it to German soil and reinstitute a 2nd
Versailles Treaty. In a stunning advance westward, the German Blitzkrieg quickly
overtakes the smaller nations (known as the Low Countries because of their
geography) and pushes the Allied armies into a full retreat towards the beaches of
northern France.
The Globo-Zionist press, as well as today’s history books, portrays the Blitz as “the
Nazi conquest of Holland, Belgium, and France.” But the menacing presence of
the massive Allied force on Germany’s industrial frontier is conveniently
ignored, as is the undeniable and extensive collaboration between the “neutral”
Low Countries and the Allies.

MAY 10, 1940

ALLIES BOMB GERMAN TOWN OF FRIEBURG / 20 CHILDREN KILLED IN A PLAYGROUND

The medieval and non-strategic German town of Freiburg is located just 20 miles
from the French border. In the opening hours of the war in the west, new Prime
Minister Churchill and his French allies waste no time in murdering civilians. About
60 bombs are dropped on or near Freiburg; killing 50 civilians including 20 children
who were playing outside. This was the first bombing of civilians in World War II.
In order to whitewash this horrific deed from the pages of history; and to maintain the
historical myth that it was Germany that initiated the bombings of civilians; court
historians have long promoted the ridiculous lie that the Germans accidentally
bombed their own town and then blamed the event on the Allies in order to cover up
the mistake. Subsequent terror bombings of German civilians will dispel any doubt
that Churchill was indeed capable of deliberately exterminating civilians.

MAY, 1940

HITLER TRIES FOR PEACE THROUGH A SWEDISH CHANNEL
After having just defeated the French and British invaders, Hitler, via a Swedish third
party, proposes generous peace terms to Britain. The Germans contact the British
ambassador in Sweden, Victor Mallet, through Sweden ́s Supreme Court Judge
Ekeberg, who is known to Hitler ́s legal advisor, Ludwig Weissauer. Hitler ́s peace proposal demands nothing of Great Britain and implies that the states currently occupied by Germany would be de-occupied; as Germany ́s occupation was only due to the present war situation. But Winston Churchill is not interested in peace. The offer goes nowhere.

MAY 25-28, 1940

“THE WAR CABINET CRISIS” / CHURCHILL AND LORD HALIFAX DIVIDED OVER ITALIAN PEACE MEDIATION

Giuseppe Bastianini, the Italian ambassador in London, requests a meeting with
British Foreign Secretary Lord Halifax to discuss Italy’s neutrality. Halifax meets
Bastianini later that afternoon. The discussion soon moves to that of Italian mediation
between the Allies and Germany.
Bastianini reveals that the goal of Italian leader Benito Mussolini (Hitler’s close ally)
is to negotiate a settlement “that would not merely be an armistice, but would
protect European peace for the century.” Halifax responds very favorably to
the idea and takes it to the British War Cabinet.
The following morning Halifax reports to the War Cabinet, summarizing his meeting
with Bastianini and urging his colleagues to consider Italian mediation. Again,
Churchill would have none of it!
For several days, Halifax continues to press for the Mussolini mediation. In an
apparent attempt to placate Halifax, Churchill states that he doubts whether anything
would come of an approach to Italy, but that the matter was one which the War

Cabinet should consider. But Churchill is lying to Halifax. Never once did
Churchill even consider Mussolini’s offer to mediate peace between Britain and

Germany. The matter eventually dies after Churchill outmaneuvers the peace-
seeking Halifax. The conflict is known as ‘The War Cabinet Crisis’.

MAY 27 – JUNE 4, 1940

AS A SIGN OF FRIENDSHIP, HITLER ALLOWS THE ALLIED ARMIES TO ESCAPE AT DUNKIRK

After Germany’s stunning advance, the Allies are trapped on the beaches of Dunkirk,
France. The entire force can be easily captured, but Hitler issues a halt order.
As a show of good faith towards his western tormentors, Hitler believes that the
British will be more likely to make peace if they can escape with their dignity intact.
A massive boat lift involving British fishermen ferries the troops across the English
Channel back to England. The Globalist Press maliciously spins Hitler’s gracious act
as a “miraculous escape right under Hitler’s nose.”
The cigar-chomping, Zionist-owned, alcoholic Winston Churchill vows to keep
fighting as he frightens the British people with tales of imminent German invasion.

QUOTE TO REMEMBER:

“He (Hitler) then astonished us by speaking with admiration of the British Empire,
of the necessity for its existence, and of the civilization that Britain had brought
into the world. ….He compared the British Empire with the Catholic Church
saying they were both essential elements of stability in the world. He said that all he
wanted from Britain was that she should acknowledge Germany’s position on the
Continent. The return of Germany’s colonies would be desirable but not essential,
and he would even offer to support Britain with troops if she should be involved in
difficulties anywhere.”

German General von Blumentritt

JUNE, 1940

SOVIET UNION INVADES 4 COUNTRIES AT THE SAME TIME! / LATVIA, LITHUANIA, ESTONIA, & EASTERN ROMANIA

With the eyes of the world focused on events in Western Europe, Stalin continues
to expand his Evil Empire. The Reds annex the tiny defenseless Baltic states of
Latvia, Lithuania, and Estonia. Stalin also annexes parts of eastern Romania.
The Soviet Union has now invaded 6 countries in just 9 months! Yet, the western
Globalists only remain obsessed with attacking Germany, whose leader, just like the
Kaiser had two decades earlier, continues to plead for peace.

JUNE, 1940

AFTER GERMANY’S DEFEAT OF THE ALLIES, MUSSOLINI’s ITALY JOINS THE WAR

Upon seeing Germany’s stunning victory in 1940, Benito Mussolini, the
opportunistic, ego-driven Leader of Italy, ends Italy’s neutrality and allies himself
with Germany. He declares war upon France (which was already beaten and
occupied) and also upon the UK, (which is already being chased out of Europe at
Dunkirk).
Unlike Hitler’s defensive war, Mussolini dreams of conquest, hoping to restore a new
Roman Empire in North Africa. But his reckless adventures will prove to be very costly to Hitler. In August of ’40, Italy occupies British Somaliland in East Africa. In
September, Italy invades Egypt, which has been occupied by the British since a 1936
Treaty to protect the Suez Canal.
In picking a fight with Britain, Mussolini bites off far more than the unimpressive
Italian military can chew. The superior British land and naval forces dominate their
Italian adversaries, giving Churchill a potential continental opening to invade a now
non-neutral Italy from North Africa.

JUNE 22, 1940

NEW GOVERNMENT OF FRANCE MAKES PEACE WITH HITLER
As the fleeing French government collapses, the Germans enter undefended Paris on
June 14 ‘ 40. The new government is headed by the World War I hero Marshal
Philippe Petain, who agrees to make peace with Germany.
Unlike the brutality of the Versailles Treaty, the terms of this Armistice are very
light, requiring only that Germany continues to occupy northern France as a
defensive measure against a British invasion of the continent. The new French
government has its administrative offices in the southern city of Vichy. Other than
the strategic occupation in the north, France remains a sovereign nation. Life in
occupied France goes on quietly. German soldiers establish an excellent reputation
for good behavior, and charm with the French ladies.
Meanwhile in the UK, Churchill and French General Charles De Gaulle fume over
Marshal Petain’s refusal to continue fighting. Hitler wants Petain to ally his country with Germany, but Mussolini’s war declaration upon France leaves such a bad taste
in the mouths of Frenchmen that they cannot possibly join a German-Italian alliance.

JUNE 24, 1940

WORLD JEWISH CONGRESS CLAIMS THAT 6 MILLION JEWS ARE DOOMED IF GERMANY WINS THE WAR

Sing it Four Tops! – “It’s the same, old song, with a different …..

Not a single Jew has even been interned and Hitler is still pleading for peace; yet
the “Holocaust” and the “6 million” have already been established!

JULY, 1940

CHURCHILL LAUNCHES AERIAL BOMBARDMENT CAMPAIGN AGAINST GERMAN CIVILIANS

With British ground troops having been chased off of the European mainland,
Churchill and his London/New York Banking Bosses can only continue the fight over
air (and sea). The British Royal Air Force is ordered to bomb civilian areas.
Churchill hopes to provoke a similar response from Hitler so that he and FDR can
point to “German bombing of civilians.”
In a July memo to the Minister of UK Air Craft production, Churchill writes:
“When I look around to see how we can win the war I see that there is only one sure
path. We have no Continental army which can defeat the German military power..
…there is one thing that will bring him (Hitler) down, and that is an absolutely
devastating, exterminating attack by very heavy bombers from this country upon
the Nazi homeland. We must be able to overwhelm them by this means, without
which I do not see a way through.”

The notorious drunk will bomb German civilian areas seven times. But Hitler refuses to do the same. German bombers are under strict orders to limit their attacks to military/industrial targets only…Finally, in September; Hitler is forced to declare that any more British bombings of civilian areas will be met with a similar response.
When the German Air Force drops its first bombs on British civilian areas, the world
press declares “Germany Bombs Civilians.”
As he had done with the orchestrated sinking of the Lusitania in 1915, Winston
Churchill has again deliberately brought on the deaths of innocent men, women, and
children in order to achieve political goals.

JULY 20, 1940

HITLER DROPS ‘PEACE LEAFLETS’ OVER LONDON!
With Germany in total control of the continent and the war situation, Hitler responds
to Churchill’s bombs by dropping mass quantities of leaflets over London. The 4-
page broadsheet contains an English language summary of Hitler’s recent speech
before the Reichstag. The speech is entitled, “A Last Appeal to Reason”, in which
he closes with a final appeal for peace:
“In this hour I feel it to be my duty before my own conscience to appeal once more
to reason and common sense in Great Britain as much as elsewhere. I consider
myself in a position to make this appeal, since I am not the vanquished, begging
favors, but the victor speaking in the name of reason. I can see no reason why this
war must go on. I am grieved to think of the sacrifices it will claim.
Possibly Mr. Churchill again will brush aside this statement of mine by saying that
it is merely born of fear and of doubt in our final victory. In that case I shall have
relieved my conscience in regard to the things to come.”
The British respond to Hitler’s sincere plea with mockery, threats, and more bombs.

JULY 20, 1940

HITLER DROPS ‘PEACE LEAFLETS’ OVER LONDON!
With Germany in total control of the continent and the war situation, Hitler responds
to Churchill’s bombs by dropping mass quantities of leaflets over London. The 4-
page broadsheet contains an English language summary of Hitler’s recent speech
before the Reichstag. The speech is entitled, “A Last Appeal to Reason”, in which
he closes with a final appeal for peace:
“In this hour I feel it to be my duty before my own conscience to appeal once more
to reason and common sense in Great Britain as much as elsewhere. I consider
myself in a position to make this appeal, since I am not the vanquished, begging
favors, but the victor speaking in the name of reason. I can see no reason why this
war must go on. I am grieved to think of the sacrifices it will claim.
Possibly Mr. Churchill again will brush aside this statement of mine by saying that
it is merely born of fear and of doubt in our final victory. In that case I shall have
relieved my conscience in regard to the things to come.”
The British respond to Hitler’s sincere plea with mockery, threats, and more bombs.

JULY 20, 1940

HITLER DROPS ‘PEACE LEAFLETS’ OVER LONDON!
With Germany in total control of the continent and the war situation, Hitler responds
to Churchill’s bombs by dropping mass quantities of leaflets over London. The 4-
page broadsheet contains an English language summary of Hitler’s recent speech
before the Reichstag. The speech is entitled, “A Last Appeal to Reason”, in which
he closes with a final appeal for peace:
“In this hour I feel it to be my duty before my own conscience to appeal once more
to reason and common sense in Great Britain as much as elsewhere. I consider
myself in a position to make this appeal, since I am not the vanquished, begging
favors, but the victor speaking in the name of reason. I can see no reason why this
war must go on. I am grieved to think of the sacrifices it will claim.
Possibly Mr. Churchill again will brush aside this statement of mine by saying that
it is merely born of fear and of doubt in our final victory. In that case I shall have
relieved my conscience in regard to the things to come.”
The British respond to Hitler’s sincere plea with mockery, threats, and more bombs.

SEPTEMBER, 1940

‘AXIS’ NATIONS OF GERMANY, ITALY, & JAPAN SIGN ‘TRI-PARTITE PACT / HOPE TO KEEP THE U.S. OUT OF THE WAR

Germany and Japan are suspicious of FDR’s true intentions. To discourage American
military involvement in either Germany’s war with Britain, or Japan’s unrelated war
with China, the two nations and Italy sign the “Tripartite Pact”.

Japan, Germany, and Italy agree to assist one another with all political, economic and
military means if one of the contracting nations is attacked by a nation at present not
involved in the European War or in the Japanese-Chinese conflict. The hope is that
this pact will keep America out of the war. Ironically, the defense pact will end up
actually facilitating FDR’s scheme to draw America in.

SEPTEMBER, 1940

‘AXIS’ NATIONS OF GERMANY, ITALY, & JAPAN SIGN ‘TRI-PARTITE PACT / HOPE TO KEEP THE U.S. OUT OF THE WAR

Germany and Japan are suspicious of FDR’s true intentions. To discourage American
military involvement in either Germany’s war with Britain, or Japan’s unrelated war
with China, the two nations and Italy sign the “Tripartite Pact”.

Japan, Germany, and Italy agree to assist one another with all political, economic and
military means if one of the contracting nations is attacked by a nation at present not
involved in the European War or in the Japanese-Chinese conflict. The hope is that
this pact will keep America out of the war. Ironically, the defense pact will end up
actually facilitating FDR’s scheme to draw America in.

OCTOBER, 1940

UK PROMISES ‘NEW WORLD ORDER’ TO JEWS AFTER WAR
Germany is in total control of the European war situation. As they had during their
losing days of World War I, British politicians reach out to international Jewry for
help. During World War I, Britain’s ‘Balfour Declaration’ promised Palestine to the
Jews in exchange for bringing about U.S. entry. Now, Lord Arthur Greenwood’s
Declaration’ offers them a “New World Order”. Greenwood makes an amazingly
prophetic statement, ‘When we have achieved victory, and we assuredly shall…”
But there is no chance of British victory unless the U.S. can be dragged into the
conflict. Therefore, Greenwood must already suspect that the U.S. will enter the war
(which it does 14 months later). The promise of a ‘New World Order’ is clearly
intended to further encourage American Jewish support for entering the war.
Greenwood promises: “In the rebuilding of civilized society after the war, there
should and will be a real opportunity for Jews everywhere to make a distinctive and
constructive contribution.”
In other words, Lord Greenwood is saying: “Get America in and we’ll give you a say
in Europe’s affairs after the war!” Greenwood’s imperialist ‘dance with the Devil’
will prove fatal. After the war, Britain ends up broke and loses her Empire.

“….Arthur Greenwood member without portfolio in the British War Cabinet
assured the Jews of the United States that when victory was achieved an effort would be made to found a New World Order”

OCTOBER 28, 1940
ITALY INVADES GREECE

Italy had occupied tiny Albania in the spring of 1939. Mussolini now turns his
ambitions towards Greece. Greece has good relations with Germany, but Mussolini
wants to claim the Ionian Islands. Italy’s invasion of Greece is completely unrelated
to Germany’s war and creates unexpected problems for Hitler.
The Greeks repel the invasion. The British then offer to send troops to assist Greece.
Churchill now has an opening on the European mainland from which he can
move north towards Germany and eastward towards Romania and the crucial
oil fields which supply Germany.

NOVEMBER, 1940

AFTER LYING ABOUT HIS INTENTIONS, FDR WINS RE-ELECTION OVER GLOBALIST STRAW-MAN WENDELL WILKIE

Throughout the Election year of 1940, nationalist Republicans warn that FDR is
plotting to bring the US into war. Because the public is strongly opposed to entry in
another war, FDR reassures voters that the “isolationists” are misrepresenting his
intentions. During the campaign, FDR gives his famous “Again and again” speech:
“I say to you mothers and fathers and I shall say it again and again and again.
Your boys will not be sent into any foreign wars.”

The Globalist wing of the GOP (Republican Party) hijacks the nominating process
and puts up an unknown patsy, an “ex-Democrat” named Wendell Willkie to run
against FDR. Many Republicans are shocked when the GOP (supported by the
media’s hype of Willkie) anoints a New York lawyer who has never held any office.
Willkie runs a half-baked campaign and loses badly. FDR is elected to an
unprecedented 3rd (and later a 4th) term. Afterwards, FDR gives Willkie a job as an
Ambassador. In 1943, Willkie publishes a book entitled: One World.

NOVEMBER, 1940

THE VATICAN PRESENTS HITLER’S PEACE PROPOSALS TO BRITISH OFFICIALS

As far back May of 1939, as revealed by the front page of the New York Times, the
Vatican had been trying to mediate between Britain and Germany. Hitler was ready
and willing to talk peace at all times. It was the British who said “no”.
The peace-seeking Vatican and peace-seeking Germany remained in contact as the
war raged. The following excerpt from Martin Allen’s ‘Himmler’s Secret War’
describes a meeting held in Spain between the Papal Nuncio and British officials
Hoare and Hilgarth; and the latest peace offer from Hitler:
“The nature of the concessions that the German Fuhrer was prepared to make in
order to obtain peace with Britain must have astounded the men at the head of SO1.

This was not even a deal worked out through a process of hard negotiation. It was
Hitler’s opening gambit….an offer so generous and pragmatic that it would be very
tempting to anyone who genuinely wanted peace.
His (Hitler’s) offer of such remarkable concessions was an extremely threatening
development. Should the terms become public, it had the potential to render British
resolve to stand firm against German aggression to a shuttering halt.”

FEBRUARY, 1941

GERMANS ARRIVE IN AFRICA TO BAIL OUT THE ITALIANS
The first units of the German ‘AfrikaKorps’ arrive to rescue the collapsing Italian
war effort in February of 1941. General Erwin Rommel, known as the Desert Fox,
commands the German force in North Africa. Rommel will eventually establish the
upper hand in Africa, but this diversion of manpower and resources to Africa proves
to be a costly hindrance for Germany.

MARCH, 1941

U.S. ZIONIST THEODORE KAUFMAN PUBLISHES ‘GERMANY MUST PERISH!’ / CALLS FOR EXTINCTION OF GERMAN RACE!

‘’Germany Must Perish!’ is a 104 page booklet published by an American Zionist
businessman named Theodore Kaufman. Kaufman calls for the complete
extermination of the German people through forced sterilization and total

dismemberment and reapportionment of German territory. The murderous hate-
fest starts out in the very opening lines of Germany Must Perish as follows:

“This dynamic volume outlines a comprehensive plan for the extinction of the
German nation and the total eradication from the earth, of all her people. Also
contained herein is a map illustrating the possible territorial dissection of Germany
and the apportionment of her lands.”
Incredibly, at a time when America is supposedly “neutral”, the hateful book is
actually reviewed by The New York Times, Time Magazine and the Washington Post.
Though not widely distributed in America, Germany Must Perish is read throughout
Germany. Propaganda Minister Dr. Josef Goebbels states: “Thanks to the Jew
Kaufmann, we Germans know only too well what to expect in case of defeat.”
‘Germany Must Perish!’ will inspire the frightened German people to fight harder.
Kaufman’s work, along with the deadly Jewish Partisan guerilla warfare against
German troops, will contribute to Hitler’s decision to intern the Jews of occupied
Europe into wartime work camps later in 1941.

1941

FDR SIGNS ‘LEND – LEASE’ INTO LAW / UK TO BE SUPPLIED WITH U.S. MANUFACTURED ARMS

Britain is running short of arms and supplies as Germany continues to offer peace on
terms favorable to Britain. Churchill will not listen to reason because, behind the
scenes, FDR is reassuring him that the U.S. will support the UK at all costs. With
his successful re-election campaign of 1940 out of the way, FDR now becomes even
bolder in confronting the anti-war “isolationists”.
The Lend-Lease program places the awesome industrial might of the US at the
disposal of the UK, China, and later on, the USSR. America is to be “the Arsenal of
Democracy” says FDR. Britain will eventually receive $31 Billion worth of war
supplies (about $500 Billion at 2012 prices!)

APRIL 6, 1941

GERMANY BLOCKS BRITISH & SOVIET SCHEMES IN SOUTHERN EUROPE BY INVADING GREECE & YUGOSLAVIA
Though unrelated to Germany’s war, Mussolini’s foolish adventure in Greece has
already created a big problem for Hitler. As Italian forces meet stiff Greek resistance,
Churchill uses the conflict as an opportunity to again establish armies on Europe’s
mainland, in Europe’s “soft underbelly”. British troops begin arriving in Greece to help the Greeks in their fight against the Italians. Hitler offers to mediate peace between Italy and Greece, but the Greeks (egged on by the British) won’t come to the table as more British troops keep arriving.
In March, 1941, Yugoslavia joins Hitler’s defensive Tripartite Pact. In response,
British intelligence immediately triggers an orchestrated coup. The new
Yugoslavian regime is now a British puppet state, which immediately signs a “Treaty
of Friendship” with the USSR. Stalin’s Yugoslavian Communists take to the streets in
support of the new government.
Again, Hitler’s hand is forced. If he does not act now, the “soft underbelly” of Europe
will be flooded with British troops destined for southern Germany, as well as the
Romanian oil fields upon which Germany depends. On April 6, ’41, the Germans
invade both Greece and Yugoslavia. The still small numbers of British troops are
forced to evacuate, spoiling Churchill’s scheme to inflame southern Europe and invite
the Soviets in to help. Naturally, the Globalist media simplistically portrays these
events as: “Germans Invade Yugoslavia & Greece”.

MAY 10, 1941

RUDOLF HESS PARACHUTES INTO SCOTLAND WITH YET ANOTHER OFFER OF PEACE!

Rudolf Hess is Germany’s Number 2 in command and a close friend of Hitler. Recall
that it was Hess who typed out the dictation for Hitler’s Mein Kampf. In May of 1941,
Hess (who is fluent in English) flies a solo mission over Scotland and parachutes in,
carrying an offer of peace. He is hoping to link up with the Duke of Hamilton, who he had befriended at the 1936 Berlin Olympics, and convince his British acquaintance
of Germany’s sincere desire for peace. But he is arrested instead.
On Churchill’s orders, Hess is held in solitary confinement for the duration of
the war. After the war, Hess is “tried” at Nuremberg and then sentenced to life in
East Berlin’s Spandau prison. With the liberalization of the USSR in the 1980’s, there
is talk of finally releasing him. But he is said to have committed suicide in his cell in 1987.

His family believes that the 93-year-old Hess was murdered so that the details
of his peace mission would remain buried forever.

MAY – JULY, 1941

FDR ESCALATES HIS PROVOKATION OF GERMANY & JAPAN
Long before the German-Polish conflict, FDR had waged a silent war against
Germany. With Germany now in control of the European situation, FDR is even more
desperate to drag America into Britain’s war. He relentlessly baits Hitler.
To that end, the U.S. impounds German ships, sinks German subs, freezes German,
Italian, and Japanese financial assets, assists the British Navy in spotting and sinking
The Bismarck (killing 2200 German sailors), and ships large amounts of arms to
Britain. Hitler bears the humiliating provocations quietly; knowing that US entry
into the war would be disastrous for Germany.
Realizing that Hitler will not take his bait, FDR further instigates the Japanese. Recall
that the Axis Powers, (Germany, Japan, and Italy) are parties to a mutual defense
pact (Tripartite Pact). An attack on one means war with all. FDR will turn the
Tripartite Pact to his advantage.

JUNE 22, 1941

‘OPERATION BARBAROSSA’ / HITLER THWARTS STALIN’S PLAN TO CONQUER ALL OF EUROPE

As Germany and Britain exhaust each other in the air, at sea, and now North Africa,
Stalin quietly gathers his massive Red Army along Germany’s eastern frontier, near
the Romanian oil fields that supply Germany. Hitler knows that Stalin cannot be
trusted. He recalls how Stalin broke a non-aggression pact and pounced on Poland
while the Poles were pre-occupied with Germany. Another non-aggression pact was
broken when Stalin attacked Finland. Soviet invasions of the Baltic States and eastern
Romania, along with a recent Communist-backed coup in Yugoslavia all combine to
offer still more proof that Stalin is up to something.
Now, with Germany and Britain distracted, Stalin threatens all of Europe. Hitler had
hoped to remove the Soviet threat in April, but invasion plans were delayed by
Mussolini’s misadventures in Africa and Greece. When “Operation Barbarossa” is
launched, the Red Army is caught flat-footed and bunched up in offensive positions.
Millions of Soviet troops are taken prisoner, and the devastating loss of weaponry and
equipment leaves the Red Army neutralized.
Up to 65% of all Soviet tanks, field guns, .machine guns, and anti-tank guns are
either destroyed or captured. The Germans rout the Reds all the way back to the gates
of Moscow, liberating many cheering Ukrainian, Baltic, and even Russian people
along the way. It is only the onset of the brutal Russian winter that forces the
Germans to pause their stunning offensive. The 2 month delay due to Mussolini’s
folly in Greece may have saved Stalin’s regime from a total collapse in 1941.

“Already in 1940 it became increasingly clear from month to month that the plans of the men in the Kremlin were aimed at the domination, and thus the destruction, of all of Europe. I have
already told the nation of the build-up of Soviet military power in the East during a period when Germany had only a few divisions in the provinces bordering Soviet Russia. Only a blind person
could fail to see that a military build-up of world-historical dimensions was being carried out. And this was not in order to protect something that was being threatened, but rather to attack that which seemed incapable of defense….. I may say this today: .If the wave of more than 20,000 tanks, hundreds of divisions, tens of thousands of artillery pieces, along with more than
10,000 airplanes, had not been kept from being set into motion against the Reich, all of Europe would have been lost.”

– Adolf Hitler, 12-11-1941

JUNE, 1941

FDR RESCUES STALIN / EXTENDS MASSIVE MILITARY AID
With Stalin’s Evil Empire facing extinction at the hands of German forces, FDR
moves quickly to rescue the murderous regime. He unfreezes Soviet assets that had
been frozen after Stalin’s attack on Finland in 1939, enabling the Soviets to
immediately purchase 59 Fighter aircraft. The “Arsenal of Democracy” is now, “The
Arsenal of Communism.”
By 1945, the staggering amount of Lend-Lease deliveries to Stalin include 11,000
aircraft, 4,000 bombers, 400,000 trucks, 12,000 tanks and combat vehicles, 32,000
motorcycles, 13,000 locomotives and railway cars, 8,000 anti-aircraft cannons,
135.000 sub-machine guns, 300,000 tons of explosives, 40,000 field radios, 400 radar
systems, 400,000 metal cutting machine tools, several million tons of food, steel,
other metals, oil and gasoline, chemicals etc. Without this ENORMOUS
INFUSION of American aid, the Germans would probably have finished off
Stalin after the spring thaw of 1942.

JUNE 29, 1941

STALIN ORDERS ‘PARTISAN’ GUERRILLA WAR UPON GERMAN WEHRMARCHT (ARMY) / JEWISH PARTISANS ALSO FORM

Stalin calls upon Party, Soviet, & Trade Union organizations to form “partisan
divisions and diversion groups to pursue and destroy the invaders in a merciless struggle”.

In violation of commonly accepted rules of warfare, many Partisans neither wear uniforms, nor recognize international law. To grow the ranks of the Red Partisans, and prevent the Germans from winning over the civilian population, Soviet commandoes dress up in German uniforms and carry out “false-flag” atrocities against their own people, inciting hatred against the Germans.
Communist and Jewish Partisans, aided by the OSS (forerunner to CIA), also form in other nations, using the same false-flag tactics, and menacing the safety of German
troops unable to tell enemy from civilian.
Massive Jewish support for and participation in non- uniformed Partisan
groups, including women & children, is the main reason for Hitler’s decision to
intern Europe’s Jews in work camps as a wartime security precaution.

THE SAD FATE OF THE VOLGA GERMANS

The Volga Germans are ethnic Germans living along the River Volga in
southeastern Russia. Recruited as immigrants to Russia in the 18th century, they had
always been allowed to maintain their German culture, language, and traditions.

After the German invasion in 1941, the Soviets consider the Volga Germans as
potential collaborators. On August 28, 1941, Stalin dissolves the Volga-German
Republic and orders the immediate relocation of ethnic Germans. About 400,000
Volga Germans are stripped of their land and houses; and transported eastward to
Soviet Central Asia, and Siberia. By 1942, nearly all the able-bodied German
population will have been conscripted to the NKVD slave-labor columns. At least
one-third will not survive the camps.

THE GERMAN SOLDIER’s 10 COMMANDMENTS

The German soldier is the best behaved and honorable soldier of Europe. Every
soldier receives a copy of ‘The German Soldier’s 10 Commandments and is expected
to follow them to the letter or face serious punishment.

  1. While fighting for victory the German soldier will observe the rules of
    chivalrous warfare. Cruelties and senseless destruction are below his standard.
  2. Combatants will be in uniform or will wear specially introduced and clearly
    distinguishable badges. Fighting in plain clothes or without such badges is
    prohibited.
  3. No enemy who has surrendered will be killed, including partisans and spies.
    They will be duly punished by courts.
  4. P.O.W. will not be ill-treated or insulted. While arms, maps, and records are to
    be taken away from them, their personal belongings will not be touched.
  5. Dum-Dum bullets are prohibited; also no other bullets may be transformed into
    Dum-Dum.
  6. Red Cross Institutions are sacrosanct. Injured enemies are to be treated in a
    humane way. Medical personnel and army chaplains may not be hindered in
    the execution of their medical or clerical activities.
  1. The civilian population is sacrosanct. Neither looting nor wanton destruction
    is permitted to the soldier. Landmarks of historical value or buildings serving
    religious purposes, art, science, or charity are to be especially respected.
  2. Neutral territory will never be entered nor passed over by planes, nor shot at; it
    will not be the object of warlike activities of any kind.
  3. If a German soldier is made a prisoner of war he will tell his name and rank if
    asked for it. Under no circumstances will he reveal to which unit he belongs,
    nor will he give any information about German military, political, and
    economic conditions.
  4. Offenses of duty will be punished. Enemy offenses against the principles
    under 1 to 8 are to be reported. Reprisals are only permissible on order of
    higher commands.
    The only exception to these rules of conduct was in dealing with the murderous

Communist Partisans who refuse to recognize rules of warfare. For this reason, non-
uniformed Partisan prisoners who refused to surrender were sometimes hanged or

shot as war criminals, not as legitimate POW’s.

LIFE IN THE GERMAN INTERNMENT CAMPS

Contrary to the popular belief that life in the SS-run internment camps was a brutal
existence of slave labor followed by extermination, the German went to great lengths
to keep the Jewish inmates well-fed, well-housed and even entertained. Officials from
the International Red Cross visited the camps regularly and right up until the end of
the war.

There were orchestras, soccer leagues and activities for children. There were
weddings, Bar Mitzvahs, and even maternity wards for pregnant women. The
Auschwitz camp even had a swimming pool and a general store!
It was only during the final year of the war that conditions began to deteriorate as
typhus epidemics spread and supplies diminished. Because of the contagious nature
of typhus, the corpses were cremated, not buried near groundwater. The destruction
of so much of Germany’s critical infrastructure contributed to the deaths.
Nonetheless, as the camps were liberated, many healthy and seemingly well-fed
‘Holocaust survivors”, as well as some not so healthy, were seen and photographed.

1941

THE WAFFEN SS: VOLUNTEERS FROM ACROSS EUROPE JOIN INTERNATIONAL FORCE UNDER GERMAN COMMAND
Brave men from every nation in Europe (and some from Asia) volunteer to fight the
Soviets. They are welcomed into Germany’s “Waffen SS” – an elite fighting force.
The anti-Communist Waffen SS are motivated by a vision of a greater European
family. For the European SS, the Europe of jealousies, border disputes, and economic
rivalries is petty. They fight for ‘Europa’ itself.
The Waffen SS is a true international army of the European peoples. One million men
fight in the SS, of which, 600,000 are non-German. Officers of the Waffen serve in
the front lines alongside their men. By war’s end, half of the SS commanders will
have been killed in action. During and after the brutal winter of 41-42, it is the
Waffen SS who will stand their ground and delay the massive Soviet counter offensive.

By the end of the war, 40% of the Waffen SS will have been killed or gone
missing. Were it not for the tenacity and sacrifice of the heroic Waffen
volunteers, all of Europe would have been lost to the Soviet hordes. It is not
surprising that to this day, the “SS” is still vilified in the Globalist press.

HITLER’S JEWISH SOLDIERS AND HIS FAVORITE JEWISH DOCTOR

Hitler was not fanatically anti-Jewish as much as he was anti-Marxist, although there
was large overlap between the two groups. As hard as it may be to believe, it is
absolutely true that about 60,000 half-Jewish, and 90,000 quarter-Jewish soldiers

fought for Hitler’s Germany.Among these were decorated soldiers, officers, and
even Generals and Admirals.
As Fuehrer, Hitler personally intervened to assist Dr. Eduard Bloch, the noble Jewish
doctor who had treated his cancer stricken mother. Hitler had never forgotten Dr.
Bloch’s kindness, and inquired about him when he returned to liberated Austria in 1938.

On Hitler’s orders, Bloch was given “special protection”. When interviewed by
the OSS (CIA) towards the end of the war, Bloch spoke very well of the young Hitler
that he had known.

AUGUST, 1941

JAPAN APPEALS TO U.S. FOR PEACE TALKS TO END THE WAR WITH CHINA

FDR could easily have mediated an end to the war in Asia; but chose to continue arming the
Chinese.

SEPTEMBER 11, 1941

CHARLES LINDBERGH JR. ACCUSES FDR AND JEWS OF PLOTTING TO DRAG THE U.S. INTO THE WAR

American patriots such as famed aviator Charles Lindbergh Jr. clearly see that FDR is
plotting to involve America in the war. Lindbergh is a leading figure in the “America
First” movement, or what Globalist propaganda cleverly refers to as “isolationism.”
Lindbergh’s speech in Iowa accurately describes what is happening behind the scenes.

He warns:
“The leaders of the British and the Jewish races, for reasons which are as
understandable from their viewpoint as they are inadvisable from ours, for reasons
which are not American, wish to involve us in this war.”
Joseph Kennedy, the US Ambassador to England and Patriarch of the Kennedy
Family Dynasty, also expressed this opinion, though not publicly.

OCTOBER – NOVEMBER, 1941

FDR REPEATEDLY AND DELIBERATELY BAITS JAPAN
In the closing months of 1941, FDR’s provocations of Japan escalate to the level of
“acts of war”. FDR imposes devastating oil and trade embargoes on Japan, denies her
ships access to the neutral Panama Canal, and orders U.S. battleships to undertake
“pop up” cruises through Japanese territorial waters.

Finally, on November 26th of ’41, FDR sends an impossible ultimatum to Japan,
implying a military threat, and demanding that Japan withdraw all of its troops from
China and Indochina as a pre-condition for lifting the oil embargo.
The day before the hostile letter was sent, Secretary of War Henry Stimson recorded,
in his personal diary, the topic of a meeting with FDR as follows: “The question was
how we should maneuver them (Japan) into the position of firing the first shot.”

The Bikini Atoll Nuclear Testswere Faked

First published June 14, 2014

by Miles Mathis


The first Bikini Atoll nuclear tests took place in 1946, we are told. The Bikini Atoll is part of the
Marshall Islands in the East Indies. The tests were the first since the bombs dropped in Japan in 1945.
Two tests took place, called Able and Baker. Both were about 23 kilo-tonnes. For reference, the bomb dropped on Hiroshima was said to be 15 kt. They were detonated just 3.5 miles or 5.6 kilometers from shore.


The first strange thing to note is that the encyclopedia sites can’t figure out when either test took place. On the same page, Wikipedia tells us they took place on June 30 and July 24, or July 1 and July 25. It looks like they could get the story straight, after 68 years. I will be told that one is local time and one is UTC, but we don’t need both times. Choose one.
Since we have photos of both detonations, it is easy to study the two for continuity. Unfortunately, there is no continuity. The second photo disproves the first.
Here is Able, which took place first:


We will look at the ships in close-up in a moment, but the first thing you should notice is the little huts on the shore, and the palm trees.


That is a close-up of Baker. Also notice the little sunning deck, about 10 feet out in shallow water. Doesn’t look too sturdy, does it? So how did these wicker structures survive the first blast? The little trees didn’t lose a leaf after the Able detonation. Compare that tree near center to the same tree pre Able. Exactly the same fronds in the same positions. You will say the tree on the far right has lost all its fronds, but check the Able photo again: it didn’t have any to begin with. A real nuclear bomb detonated that nearby should have caused not only a tsunami, swamping this entire beach, it should have also caused a heavy wind. I remind you of the Nevada Trinity test films, with the wind ripping across the film sites miles away.

Those soldiers are said to be six miles from the blast, so the beach at Bikini Atoll was about twice as close. You can watch the wind from the Nevada Trinity blast here. [Trinity’s detonation was about the same size as Able and Baker.] There you can see the surge that should have been caused in both water and air by the Able and Baker detonations. And yet somehow that beach on the Bikini Atoll is exactly the same before and after the Able detonation.
I also urge you to study the black and white stripes painted on the trees in the Able and Baker photos. What are those for, you should ask. They are there to measure the water surge. The stripes act as a simple flood meter.


So the people involved apparently want you to think they are expecting a surge, but then they forget to fake the signs of one. If there had been a surge after Able, we should see some sign of it in the Baker photo. But we don’t. No lines appear on the trees. Even more damning is that we see no sand piled up in front of the trees (toward the beach). If there had been any wave caused by the blast, the sand would have piled up around the trunk of the tree.
You will say, “No, no, they swept that all away, to start fresh for the second test.” Right. And did they also rebuild the little structures in exactly the same configuration and same place, down to matching the sticks and the holes in the roofs?
Now let’s look at the ships. This is a close-up of Baker, taken from a 5137 x 2696px photo, so it has a lot of resolution.


I copied that with enough resolution that you can zoom in even more if you want to. If you think those black ships look real, I don’t know what to say. They shouldn’t be black, for a start. The nearer ships are lit from this side, so why aren’t the bigger ships? But an even better question is this: if you think they are black because they have been charred by the blast, tell me why they weren’t swamped by the blast? Why are they just sitting there upright? Again, they should have been hit by a strong surge in both air and water. Whoever faked this photo has tried to indicate the surge by whitening the water out in a circle, but the surge should be far stronger than that. As we see from the Trinity blasts, the detonation shouldn’t just throw water and air up, it should also throw both water and air out to all sides. A wave should be coming right at us here, in both water and air. So this photo has no continuity with the Trinity films, as well as no continuity with physics or logic. Remember, Baker was detonated underwater—halfway down to the sea floor—so why would it create this gigantic water spout up, but no wave to the side? We should see a large concentric water wave moving out from the blast, but we don’t.
When that huge spout of water and sea-floor sediment that we see going up came back down, we would get a second gigantic wave, possibly even larger than the first. And yet we are told that only 10 of 78 ships in the area were sunk. That makes no sense.
You will say that none of the stuff going up will come down, since it is all vaporized. But the stuff in the spout isn’t vapor. If it were vapor, it would look like the vapor above it. That is vapor. We don’t know what the stuff in the spout is, but to me it looks like a cat’s scratching post. Let’s zoom in a bit more:


First, study the edge of the spout, where it meets the background. Doesn’t look right, does it? It looks like one photo was superimposed on top of another, sort of like they do with green-screen now.
Next, stare at the spout itself for a moment. Looks a lot like carpet, doesn’t it? Is that a nuclear spout, or a cat’s scratching post?


That’s one brave kitty cat. And this gives a whole new meaning to “carpet bombing.”
Here’s another picture of the Baker detonation:


So many problems there it is hard to know where to start. First of all, the spout doesn’t match the other spout. The spout here is larger at the bottom and tapers up; the other doesn’t. This spout is surrounded by white foam; the other isn’t. If you answer that this photo is a few seconds later, allowing these things to change and develop, then you have to answer this, too: How did the white cloud above get smaller? If this is a few seconds later, allowing the white foam below to develop, why hasn’t the vapor cloud above expanded? The top of the cloud, containing the broccoli shapes, has expanded, so why would the white vapor halo beneath that have contracted? They forgot to match the photos to one another.
The ships here are also too big. We are at least three times farther away, but the ships next to the foam haven’t diminished in size proportionally. Another problem is the fall-off of light from right to left across the photo. See how the right side is bright and the left side is dark? Whoever faked this photo was trying to match the shadows on the sailors, which—as we can see—fall to the left. The sailors are bright to the right and dark to the left. But there wouldn’t be a shadow on the ocean as a whole. The sun to the right won’t cast a shadow to the left on the ocean! Just go outside in a field or on the beach or on the ocean or on a lake, in the morning or evening when the sun is to your right. Then see if it is darker overall to your left. I will tell you: it isn’t.
Finally, we have sailors watching without protective clothing, goggles, or—in at least one case—a
shirt. Even if these guys are ten miles out, this makes no sense. The blast is traveling out through the air. The expanding event doesn’t magically stop ten miles out, or even twenty, and they knew that at the time. Do you honestly think they knew enough about radiation and fission to build a successful bomb, but not enough to know how the event would travel through air? Even if they were so stupid or careless they couldn’t figure that out from equations, the earlier tests in Nevada would have told them that. The mushroom in Nevada was said to have traveled out many dozens of miles, and that was just the visible cloud. This was also after the events in Japan, where they tell us they saw the effects of radiation firsthand. So you have to be an idiot to accept this picture as real. Here’s a third photo of the Baker event, from the air:


As you can see, it doesn’t match either of the previous two. The overall shape of the halo is completely different in all three photos. Beyond that, the ambient cloud cover isn’t even close to matching. Here we have a very few tiny wispy clouds. In the second picture, we had lots of medium sized cumulus clouds. And in the first picture, we had a mostly cloudy sky.
You will tell me that in the previous pictures, we see signs that the blast blew the local clouds out of the near vicinity. In the first picture, we saw some clearing above the blast. But it has to be one or the other: either the blast will clear the clouds or it won’t. There is no halfway, as we see in this last photo. We should have a super strong wind, right? If the clouds are blown away, you wouldn’t expect to see a few wispy, very light clouds remaining. How did these little clouds dodge the wind?
For more proof, we can go to Goo gle. You can get a picture of the Bikini Atoll today from Google
Earth.


That’s dated 2013, not 1945. We are told the locals can’t live there now because of radioactivity, but we see at least three proofs against that. One, we see lots of plant life both on and offshore. Radioactivity affects plants just as it affects animals, so the island should be barren. Remember, the Bikini Atoll wasn’t said to be blasted by only Able and Baker. It was blasted 23 times, including three of the biggest blasts ever from US testing: the 4.5 megaton Navajo and the 5 megaton Tewa, in 1956; and the 15 megaton Bravo in 1954. Bravo was therefore 750 times more powerful than Baker. Multiply the Baker mushroom by 750 times. Since the average elevation of Bikini is only 7 feet above low tide, a blast that size inside the atoll would have sunk the entire island under a boiling sea of radiation. They admit that the crater from Bravo on the sea floor “is 2,200 yards across and 80 yards deep, shaking islands more than 120 miles away.” That’s a crater more than a mile and a quarter across. The heat created was almost 100,000 Fahrenheit, which is 9 times hotter than the surface of the Sun. The fireball was nearly five miles wide, and the mushroom rose to 60 miles.
But get this: just 10 years after the last nuclear blast there in 1958, the original residents were allowed to go back to Bikini. It was only after finding high levels of Strontium 90 in crabs that they were removed again. I beg you to read that closely, since it is stated in just that way at Wikipedia. They wanted to go back, they did go back, and the only reason they couldn’t stay was because of radiation tests on crabs? You have to be kidding me! The place should have looked worse than the surface of the Moon and been completely uninhabitable. The natives would have burst into tears and told the ship to turn around and get them out of there. Instead, they landed and began living there, only to be removed after tests. We are told that crops were replanted in 1968, and grew!
Beyond that, we see something is planted there in rows. Who planted it? Does that seem like a good place to plant a crop? Do you think that crop was planted by guys in radiation suits?


Finally, look at all the well maintained roads. Do you think those are left over from 56 years ago? I
will be told the US Army is using the Atoll to test radiation-tolerant plants. If so, the test looks
incredibly successful. Whatever they have injected into the plants and soil they should inject into
themselves, to make radiation-tolerant people. Oh, and don’t forget the radiation-tolerant cat:


In 2008, the Daily Mail in London admitted that sea life in and around the atoll is abundant, with huge coral trees growing underwater and schools of fish swimming in the mile-wide Bravo “crater.” What’s more, Wikipedia admits that diving tours have been given there since 1998. Do they swim in lead suits? Oh, they don’t need to because nuclear contamination can’t move through sea water, and doesn’t last for decades. Wrong. Just ask yourself this: is that what they are telling you about Fukushima: the sea water is blocking all release of radiation and it will only last a few years? No. If that were the case, Los Alamos National Laboratory could just throw all its high-level waste into the oceans. Why do you think they go to the trouble of burying that waste at great depths in unpopulated areas? Because according to the mainstream story, it will be hot for centuries. High-level waste has a very long half life, and while it is true that decommissioned bombs aren’t said to be as big a problem, it isn’t decommissioned bombs were are talking about here. It is exploded bombs. In exploded bombs—as in reactor cores—very high heats have been created, as well as large amount of fission. Over 42 megatons of fission yield were detonated in Bikini from 1946 to 1958. It is for this reason that the stories don’t add up. We are being told many contradictory things. If all these giant hydrogen bombs had actually been detonated there, the Bikini Atoll should not be now be green and cultivated, the coral and fish should not thrive there, no diving tours should be given there, and no natives should have ever
returned, even for a moment.
Also consider this: if the Bravo blast had really created surface temperatures of 100,000 Fahrenheit in a fireball five miles wide, that heat would have to dissipate in all directions, through all media. The sea would have boiled for many miles and the atmosphere would have been scorched for many more. The landmass of the Atoll would have been in or near the edge of that initial fireball, so we should ask what happens to land that is heated to that degree. Even if the temperature had dropped by a factor of ten at that distance from center, that would still indicate a temperature of the land of 10,000 Fahrenheit, which is the temperature they now give to the core of the Earth. If you heat land to that temperature and then let it cool, you wouldn’t expect it to just return to its original form, would you? If you heat sand and rocks and dirt to that temperature, it melts. In fact, it melts at about 1/5th that temperature, creating magma.
When it cools, it is then igneous rock. But the surface of the Bikini Atoll is still limestone and sand.
Limestone melts at 1,500 Fahrenheit, which is 67 times cooler than the temperature said to be created by Bravo.
Sand normally melts at above 2,000 Fahrenheit, so we should also see the beaches at Bikini turned to glass. We don’t.
So what does this faking indicate? I would say it indicates one of two things*: either the entire nuclear program has been faked to keep your ass under the desk, ducked and covered; or the nuclear program is real but our military didn’t wish to cause this amount of real destruction on our lovely home planet Earth. Those who are familiar with the scruples of the military wouldn’t bet on the second possibility, seeming to leave us with the first. However, the second possibility may have a variation: perhaps the military wasn’t allowed to run these tests. That implies someone or something which has the power to disallow the military from doing things, which leads us into other problems. I will leave that problem unsolved for now, only giving you a pointer, which is this: either someone behind our own government is more benevolent than we think, or someone behind the Russian government is more benevolent (and powerful) than we think, or the apparent benevolence we see here comes from some hidden third party.
Whatever explanation you choose to embrace should give you a surge of hope. Things may be bad, but they may not be quite as bad as the story we have been sold. The fact that our government has long been faking so many events gives you no reason to trust them, but it beats the hell of the events being real. Given the choice of an honest government and terrible real events or a dishonest government and terrible fake events, I will take the second any day.

Police Officer Encounters Reptilian Beings: ‘The Government Knows All About Them’

In January of 2005, twenty-seven-year-old Matt worked as a customer service representative for United Airlines. Recently he had grown weary of the hospitality industry’s predictable monotony. As a Chicago native, the young man was accustomed to bleak midwestern winters yet this season was particularly brutal. Each dreary day he longed for a warmer climate and lush foliage.

police officer encounters reptilian beings 'the government knows all about them'

One evening Matt shared his frustrations with relatives who lived in Louisiana. During the phone call, they said he should consider relocating to New Orleans. If he wanted a new career, the city was in desperate need of police officers due to escalating crime. Matt found the suggestion quite alluring.

Shortly after filling out an application, the Columbia University graduate received a job offer. He hastily packed his bags and headed south. Unbeknownst to the eager traveler, what was about to unfold would change his life forever.

An Unbelievable Encounter

By July Matt completed half of the mandatory training. He’d settled into his new apartment and fell in love with the eccentric boroughs. However, the ordinary acclimation period came to an abrupt end on a balmy summer night. Upon groggily waking up, he realized his clothing and surroundings were unfamiliar. It seemed he was aboard a train tightly packed with dozens of other people.

With his heart racing, the frightened cadet attempted to figure out where he was and how he had gotten there. While desperately racking his brain for information, there was a loud bang and the carriage immediately halted. Passengers marched out the door and onto a loading dock. When Matt exited he realized the vessel was a metallic cigar-shaped craft. Dazed group members slowly entered the sprawling building. As his eyes adjusted to the dimly-lit interior setting, shock pulsed throughout Matt’s body. Standing before the perplexed deputy was a large gathering of enormous reptilian creatures.

The beings possessed the following features:

  • Similar in appearance to ancient Ubaid statues
  • An average height of seven feet tall. 
  • Dark golden yellow eyes with slit pupils.
  • Sharp claws & fanged teeth. 
  • Shiny brownish-green scales.
  • A short & blunt muzzle.
  • Very serious dispositions. 

police officer encounters reptilian beings 'the government knows all about them'

The Ubaid statues

Lizard-People Target Practice

With all voyagers corralled inside the massive commercial structure, Matt cautiously sauntered forward. Many of the saurian entities donned strange thin backpacks. Suddenly several drew ray guns and aimed at the petrified onlookers. Chaos ensued as the helpless crowd frantically scattered. Seconds later the armed assailants fired their weapons and blinding flashes of light illuminated the arena. During the terrifying ordeal, Matt was struck and became disorientated. The force felt comparable to a taser combined with microwave energy. A horrifying revelation dawned on the bewildered officer: these reptilians were using humans for target practice. 

A Mass Abduction

According to Matt’s bizarre firsthand testimony, he was involved in a ‘mass abduction’ event. He eventually discovered the occurrence took place hundreds of miles from his home in New Orleans. Every person present worked in law enforcement or as military personnel. All had unknowingly been assigned crucial roles in a meticulously planned training operation. The serpentine aggressors needed live bait to practice riot control techniques on. Although the episode was quite harrowing, no participants were gravely harmed to his knowledge. Other reptilian drills utilized telekinetic abilities and various healing modalities. Matt affirms that global governments are aware of the existence of these creatures.

Weeks after the incident, disaster struck when Katrina, a destructive Category 5 hurricane, ravaged the region. Although many of his colleagues evacuated, the rookie cop stayed in hopes of assisting victims. Two years later he was in a serious car accident that left him with debilitating injuries.

Following the wreck, Matt switched to a less physically demanding occupation. Since 2007 he’s worked independently as a stock trader. Upon leaving law enforcement, the whistleblower decided to come forward. He believes other experiencers do not speak out because they do not want to jeopardize their pensions and fear the potential repercussions. To this day Matt continues to sporadically encounter these mysterious lacertids.

To learn more about reptilians & other alien species, check out MUFON’s Extraterrestrial Almanac.

Source: DownTheChupacabraHole.com

131 Years Ago, the U.S. Army Massacred Native Sioux at Wounded Knee

“Our nation was born in genocide. We are perhaps the only nation which tried as a matter of national policy to wipe out its indigenous population. Moreover, we elevated that tragic experience into a noble crusade. Indeed, even today we have not permitted ourselves to reject or feel remorse for this shameful episode.”

Those words were spoken by Martin Luther King Jr in his 1963 book “Why We Can’t Wait.”

Of course, the U.S. was not the only nation who tried as a matter of policy to wipe out its indigenous people–Canada, Australia and others did the same. But the thrust of what King was saying is correct.

The month of December is filled with various kinds of celebrations and festivities; however, there is one event that always seems to be conveniently overlooked by the wider society. This December 29 marks the 131st anniversary of the massacre of the Native people at Wounded Knee. Wounded Knee is located on the Pine Ridge Reservation in South Dakota.

What Whites as a collective do not understand, approve, or develop they demonize, ridicule or attack. Part of the background to the Wounded Knee massacre, lies in the spiritual of the Ghost Dance Movement practiced by some of the Native Nations, among them the Sioux people. After the surrender of the Sioux Nation in the 1876-1877 war, the government drove the Sioux out of Nebraska, all that was left to them was 35,000 square miles of almost useless land

Ghost Dance | Definition, Significance, Wounded Knee, & Facts | Britannica

After protests and compromises between the Native Nations and the government, groups settled in various parts of the territory. The 35,000 square miles of land given to the Great Sioux Reservation was mostly taken away eventually from the Native people.

When the Sioux killed George Armstrong Custer of the 7th Cavalry Regiment, the U.S. Army wanted revenge. Sitting Bull, the great Sioux chief was in exile in Canada with some of his followers, where they stayed for four years; this partly explains why the government intruders were successful in retaking most of the land from the Sioux.

The government tried to convince Sitting Bull to return to the United States with the condition that, they surrender all weapons and horses as; they were considered a threat to the United States, the British Government, and the Royal Mounted Police in Canada. Chief Sitting Bull and some of his followers eventually returned to the United States and was very influential among many of the other Nations.Land Claims: An Indigenous People’s History of the United States

Many of the Native people of the Reservation believed in and practiced what was known as the Ghost Dance; a ritualistic dance based on the belief that the dead would come back to life and that non-believers would be destroyed. Sitting Bull was very skeptical.

The popularity of the Ghost Dance among the Native people worried the government and soldiers were brought into some Reservations to stop the ceremonies. Indian police were sent to the Reservation to remove and arrest Kicking Bear who went to Standing Rock to teach Chief Sitting Bull’s people the Ghost Dance. Sitting Bull took no action against Kicking Bear, and it was suggested that he be arrested and jailed in a military prison.

On December 15, 1890 forty-three Indian police surrounded the cabin of Sitting Bull while at the same time a group of cavalry stood in waiting as support some miles away. While being taken away by Indian Affairs agents, the leader of the arrest team was shot, in retaliation he fired hitting Sitting Bull instead; a traitor named Red Tomahawk would assassinate Sitting Bull on the spot.

Because of the influence of the Ghost Dance, the Sioux people took no retaliation; instead hundreds fled from Standing Rock to nearby Ghost Dance camps or with Chief Red Cloud at Pine Ridge. On the morning of December 29, 1890, the United States army’s 7th cavalry surrounded a group of Ghost Dancers whose leader was Big Foot a Lakota Sioux chief.

The soldiers demanded that the men surrendered and hand over all their weapons; not satisfied with the number of weapons surrendered, the soldiers raided the tents confiscating axes and knives; only two guns were found from the raid. A fight later ensued between a native and a soldier, a shot was fired, and reports stated nobody knew by whom.

The soldiers immediately opened fire indiscriminately on the unarmed people killing men, women, and children, using Hotchkiss Mountain Guns sited on hills overlooking the camp. When the massacre stopped 153 native people were killed nearly half of them women and children; the cavalry suffered disproportionate losses; 29 soldiers killed and 39 wounded.

One estimate is that the final toll nears 300 of 350 men, women and children who were in the camp; on top of this the indignity that followed was deplorable. Many of the killed or dying were left to lie where they had fallen and later froze from the snowstorm that followed later that day.

Frederic Remington illustration of the Wounded Knee Massacre.

Frederic Remington illustration of the Wounded Knee massacre. [Source: history.com]

The deplorable scene is best described in a quote by Black Elk in the book Bury My Heart at Wounded Knee by Dee Brown.

Black Elk said:

I did not know then how much was ended. When I look back now from this high hill of my old age, I can still see the butchered women and children lying heaped and scattered all along the crooked gulch as plain as when I saw them with my eyes still young. And I can see that something else died there in the bloody mud and was buried in the blizzard. A people’s dream died there. It was a beautiful dream….the nation’s hoop is broken and scattered. There is no center any longer, and the sacred tree is dead.

On that infamous day of December 29, 1890, the U.S. government fueled by the doctrine of white supremacy, carried out one of its many atrocities that have repeated themselves dozens of times over—in places like My Lai, No Gun-Ri, Bola Baluk, Baghuz, the Plain of Jars and Kunduz among others around the world where the U.S. army has slaughtered native peoples.

Something Dark and Bloody': What Happened at My Lai?

Vietnamese civilians killed by U.S. army in the village of My Lai in March 1968. [Source: historynet.com]

These latter crimes reiterate that America’s unwillingness to “reject or feel remorse for this shameful episode [genocide of natives],” as Martin Luther King Jr. put it, continues, and is embedded in the ideology of white supremacy and great power chauvinism that drives imperialist policies.

To this day, each successive Administration has only given hypocritical lip service in acknowledging the atrocities meted out to the Native people. Whether it is the disparity in the allocation of resources for development; the imprisonment of Leonard Peltier or the activists protesting the Enbridge pipeline, Native-Americans are still oppressed.

Their rights and treaties are still trampled on and ignored and they are effectively written out of the mainstream narrative. “Peace and good will to all men” should meaningfully include the Native peoples.

*

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Richard Dunn is a retired construction professional, trained in Architecture and Energy Management. He’s been a social justice activist since 1968 and was particularly active with the Walter Rodney defense demonstrations. Richard is an author, a contributing columnist to newspapers, an editor for a music industry magazine and operates a social justice website. Richard can be reached at: richarddunn75@gmail.com.

Featured image: Burial of the dead after the massacre of Wounded Knee in South Dakota. U.S. Soldiers are shown putting Indians in a common grave; some corpses are frozen in different positions. [Source: wikipedia.org]The original source of this article is CovertAction Magazine

Joe Biden Is Not Incompetent – He Is Doing Exactly What He Was Hired To Do: Collapse America

Joe Biden is a man in obvious cognitive decline. But he is not crazy, stupid or incompetent.

Biden knows who he is and for whom he works. He is a stooge for the global Great Reset and he is doing his job exactly as it was assigned to him by his superiors.

joe biden is not incompetent – he is doing exactly what he was hired to do collapse america

As a matter of fact, Joe Biden Pledged Allegiance to the New World Order in a 1992 Article.]

His job, in fact the whole purpose of his dubious presidency, is to precipitate the following:

· Collapse the supply chain, the dollar and ultimately the American economy.

· Collapse the American military and embolden enemy forces.

· Collapse the American healthcare system.

· Collapse the American border.

Biden is well on his way to accomplishing all four of the tasks laid out for him by his handlers, who themselves are puppets working for the goals and values of the power elites at the World Economic Forum, global corporations, the United Nations and other globalist entities.

It is thus with supreme confidence that a top Biden aide said that his boss would “run over” any GOP governors who tried to resist his sweeping vaccine mandates.

These globalists actually hate the American people and want to see them enslaved under a digital surveillance state similar to that already in effect in China. We laid out, in a recent blockbuster investigative article, exactly how that is going to happen starting with digital vaccine passports, a technocratic ploy being overseen by the United Nations, World Health Organization in cooperation with the World Economic Forum [WEF].

Also read: China’s ‘Social Credit Scoring’ is Expanding Globally, Now Openly Operational in Western Canada.

The WEF’s esteemed goal for the world, as it announced just over a year ago, is to reset the global economy, social structure and really all of Western civilization. They call it the Great Reset, but it’s really just a rebranding of the old New World Order.

I encourage everyone not familiar with the rhetoric of the Great Reset to go to the WEF’s website and also to read the books, articles and speeches of WEF founder Klaus Schwab, Prince CharlesPope Francis and the top executives of the International Monetary Fund and World Bank. They all sing the praises of the Great Reset.

The slogan of the Great Reset is “Build Back Better,” a phrase that Biden, Trudeau, Pelosi, Schumer and the other stooges of the globalist revolution now sweeping the world are fond of repeating like mindless mockingbirds.

Curiously, no member of the mainstream press ever asks these stooges where their trite little made-for-TV slogan came from or exactly what it entails.

The first and most obvious question should be: “Mr. President, before you can rebuild something don’t you first have to tear it down?”

Also read: The Manufactured Crisis, The Great Reset And The NWO’s ‘Build Back Better’

What better way to go about collapsing the system than to mandate controversial injections that you know will be rejected by at least 25 percent of Americans. You know, the critical-thinkers who have actually researched the true efficacy and safety by seeking out honest, uncompromised doctors and scientists, thousands of whom agree this is not a vaccine but an experimental gene therapy.

But Biden says you must get the experimental gene therapy or you cannot work a job, you cannot remain in the military, you cannot continue to provide critical care in any hospital, you cannot work in law enforcement, fire prevention, food processing, piloting an airplane, or any other important position that is necessary for any civilized nation to continue functioning.

Is there a faster way to deconstruct a nation and bring it to its knees than to require, under threat of termination, the people in all of these critical positions to get an experimental gene therapy that has never been tested for long-term health impacts?

I don’t think so. If your mission is to destroy, it’s a stroke of genius.

So instead of honoring our military heroes and frontline workers on September 11, as has been customary on this day for the last 20 years, Biden threatens to fire them.

It has to be done, this great wrecking ball project, so the globalist elites can start over with a whole new system, a system that will be antithetical to the U.S. Constitution and every traditional American or Western value, i.e. freedom of speech, the press, religious practice, to assemble, to move about freely and to petition one’s government for grievances.

There are already many examples of all of the above-mentioned types of critically important jobs being vacated by extremely competent Americans who refuse to submit to the demands of Dictator Biden: Get the shot or be fired.

According to reports, at least 27 highly trained Air Force pilots have resigned since August 27 out of frustration with Biden’s forced vaccination program.

Watch video describing how multiple F-22 Raptor fighter pilots reportedly walked off the job in a single day, as did 16 crew members for B-52 bombers:

What kind of signal is this sending to America’s enemies abroad?

But it’s not just the military that will be suffering the loss of essential workers.

All industries will be losing key people in the trenches who make America run smoothly — from doctors and nurses to plumbers, truck drivers, engineers, electrical linesmen, technicians and parcel delivery drivers.

One of the most important functions of any society is food production. That industry is also about to be decimated by Biden’s vaccine mandates.

Liberty Counsel, a public-interest law firm that is providing legal help to hundreds of Americans now under threat of losing their jobs, announced Sept. 10 it has sent a demand letter to Tyson Foods, the giant meat-packing company, on behalf of dozens of Tyson workers who are being threatened with termination if they don’t get Joe’s jab.

Think of the impact this will have on food stocks if all of the major food-processing and trucking companies follow the order handed down Sept. 9 by Dictator Biden: Every company with more than 100 employees must fire those who refuse the jab, Biden said, or face fines of up to $14,000 a day.

This could easily entail 20 to 30 percent of a company’s workforce. It’s not difficult to imagine bare store shelves within a few weeks of when these terminations take effect, which could be as soon as November.

Prepare accordingly.

By LeoHohmann.com

THE CIA AND THE MEDIA

How Americas Most Powerful News Media Worked Hand in Glove with the Central Intelligence Agency and Why the Church Committee Covered It Up

BY CARL BERNSTEIN

In 1953, Joseph Alsop, then one of America’s leading syndicated columnists, went to the Philippines to cover an election. He did not go because he was asked to do so by his syndicate. He did not go because he was asked to do so by the newspapers that printed his column. He went at the request of the CIA.

Alsop is one of more than 400 American journalists who in the past twenty‑five years have secretly carried out assignments for the Central Intelligence Agency, according to documents on file at CIA headquarters. Some of these journalists’ relationships with the Agency were tacit; some were explicit. There was cooperation, accommodation and overlap. Journalists provided a full range of clandestine services—from simple intelligence gathering to serving as go‑betweens with spies in Communist countries. Reporters shared their notebooks with the CIA. Editors shared their staffs. Some of the journalists were Pulitzer Prize winners, distinguished reporters who considered themselves ambassadors without‑portfolio for their country. Most were less exalted: foreign correspondents who found that their association with the Agency helped their work; stringers and freelancers who were as interested in the derring‑do of the spy business as in filing articles; and, the smallest category, full‑time CIA employees masquerading as journalists abroad. In many instances, CIA documents show, journalists were engaged to perform tasks for the CIA with the consent of the managements of America’s leading news organizations.

WORKING PRESS — CIA STYLETo understand the role of most journalist‑operatives, it is necessary to dismiss some myths about undercover work for American intelligence services. Few American agents are “spies” in the popularly accepted sense of the term. “Spying” — the acquisition of secrets from a foreign government—is almost always done by foreign nationals who have been recruited by the CIA and are under CIA control in their own countries. Thus the primary role of an American working undercover abroad is often to aid in the recruitment and “handling” of foreign nationals who are channels of secret information reaching American intelligence.Many journalists were used by the CIA to assist in this process and they had the reputation of being among the best in the business. The peculiar nature of the job of the foreign correspondent is ideal for such work: he is accorded unusual access by his host country, permitted to travel in areas often off‑limits to other Americans, spends much of his time cultivating sources in governments, academic institutions, the military establishment and the scientific communities. He has the opportunity to form long‑term personal relationships with sources and—perhaps more than any other category of American operative—is in a position to make correct judgments about the susceptibility and availability of foreign nationals for recruitment as spies.“After a foreigner is recruited, a case officer often has to stay in the background,” explained a CIA official. “So you use a journalist to carry messages to and from both parties”Journalists in the field generally took their assignments in the same manner as any other undercover operative. If, for instance, a journalist was based in Austria, he ordinarily would be under the general direction of the Vienna station chief and report to a case officer. Some, particularly roving correspondents or U.S.‑based reporters who made frequent trips abroad, reported directly to CIA officials in Langley, Virginia.The tasks they performed sometimes consisted of little more than serving as “eyes and ears” for the CIA; reporting on what they had seen or overheard in an Eastern European factory, at a diplomatic reception in Bonn, on the perimeter of a military base in Portugal. On other occasions, their assignments were more complex: planting subtly concocted pieces of misinformation; hosting parties or receptions designed to bring together American agents and foreign spies; serving up “black” propaganda to leading foreign journalists at lunch or dinner; providing their hotel rooms or bureau offices as “drops” for highly sensitive information moving to and from foreign agents; conveying instructions and dollars to CIA controlled members of foreign governments.Often the CIA’s relationship with a journalist might begin informally with a lunch, a drink, a casual exchange of information. An Agency official might then offer a favor—for example, a trip to a country difficult to reach; in return, he would seek nothing more than the opportunity to debrief the reporter afterward. A few more lunches, a few more favors, and only then might there be a mention of a formal arrangement — “That came later,” said a CIA official, “after you had the journalist on a string.”Another official described a typical example of the way accredited journalists (either paid or unpaid by the CIA) might be used by the Agency: “In return for our giving them information, we’d ask them to do things that fit their roles as journalists but that they wouldn’t have thought of unless we put it in their minds. For instance, a reporter in Vienna would say to our man, ‘I met an interesting second secretary at the Czech Embassy.’ We’d say, ‘Can you get to know him? And after you get to know him, can you assess him? And then, can you put him in touch with us—would you mind us using your apartment?”‘Formal recruitment of reporters was generally handled at high levels—after the journalist had undergone a thorough background check. The actual approach might even be made by a deputy director or division chief. On some occasions, no discussion would he entered into until the journalist had signed a pledge of secrecy.“The secrecy agreement was the sort of ritual that got you into the tabernacle,” said a former assistant to the Director of Central Intelligence. “After that you had to play by the rules.” David Attlee Phillips, former Western Hemisphere chief of clandestine services and a former journalist himself, estimated in an interview that at least 200 journalists signed secrecy agreements or employment contracts with the Agency in the past twenty‑five years. Phillips, who owned a small English‑language newspaper in Santiago, Chile, when he was recruited by the CIA in 1950, described the approach: “Somebody from the Agency says, ‘I want you to help me. 1 know you are a true‑blue American, but I want you to sign a piece of paper before I tell you what it’s about.’ I didn’t hesitate to sign, and a lot of newsmen didn’t hesitate over the next twenty years.”“One of the things we always had going for us in terms of enticing reporters,” observed a CIA official who coordinated some of the arrangements with journalists, “was that we could make them look better with their home offices. A foreign correspondent with ties to the Company [the CIA] stood a much better chance than his competitors of getting the good stories.”Within the CIA, journalist‑operatives were accorded elite status, a consequence of the common experience journalists shared with high‑level CIA officials. Many had gone to the same schools as their CIA handlers, moved in the same circles, shared fashionably liberal, anti‑Communist political values, and were part of the same “old boy” network that constituted something of an establishment elite in the media, politics and academia of postwar America. The most valued of these lent themselves for reasons of national service, not money.The Agency’s use of journalists in undercover operations has been most extensive in Western Europe (“That was the big focus, where the threat was,” said one CIA official), Latin America and the Far East. In the 1950s and 1960s journalists were used as intermediaries—spotting, paying, passing instructions—to members of the Christian Democratic party in Italy and the Social Democrats in Germany, both of which covertly received millions of dollars from the CIA. During those years “we had journalists all over Berlin and Vienna just to keep track of who the hell was coming in from the East and what they were up to,” explained a CIA official.In the Sixties, reporters were used extensively in the CIA offensive against Salvador Allende in Chile; they provided funds to Allende’s opponents and wrote anti‑Allende propaganda for CIA proprietary publications that were distributed in Chile. (CIA officials insist that they make no attempt to influence the content of American newspapers, but some fallout is inevitable: during the Chilean offensive, CIA‑generated black propaganda transmitted on the wire service out of Santiago often turned up in American publications.)According to CIA officials, the Agency has been particularly sparing in its use of journalist agents in Eastern Europe on grounds that exposure might result in diplomatic sanctions against the United States or in permanent prohibitions against American correspondents serving in some countries. The same officials claim that their use of journalists in the Soviet Union has been even more limited, but they remain extremely guarded in discussing the subject. They are insistent, however, in maintaining that the Moscow correspondents of major news organizations have not been “tasked” or controlled by the Agency.The Soviets, according to CIA officials, have consistently raised false charges of CIA affiliation against individual American reporters as part of a continuing diplomatic game that often follows the ups and downs of Soviet‑American relations. The latest such charge by the Russians—against Christopher Wren of the New York Times and Alfred Friendly Jr., formerly of Newsweek, has no basis in fact, they insist.CIA officials acknowledge, however, that such charges will persist as long as the CIA continues to use journalistic cover and maintain covert affiliations with individuals in the profession. But even an absolute prohibition against Agency use of journalists would not free reporters from suspicion, according to many Agency officials. “Look at the Peace Corps,” said one source. “We have had no affiliation there and they [foreign governments] still throw them out”

The history of the CIA’s involvement with the American press continues to be shrouded by an official policy of obfuscation and deception for the following principal reasons:

■ The use of journalists has been among the most productive means of intelligence‑gathering employed by the CIA. Although the Agency has cut back sharply on the use of reporters since 1973 primarily as a result of pressure from the media), some journalist‑operatives are still posted abroad.

■ Further investigation into the matter, CIA officials say, would inevitably reveal a series of embarrassing relationships in the 1950s and 1960s with some of the most powerful organizations and individuals in American journalism.

Among the executives who lent their cooperation to the Agency were Williarn Paley of the Columbia Broadcasting System, Henry Luce of Tirne Inc., Arthur Hays Sulzberger of the New York Times, Barry Bingham Sr. of the LouisviIle Courier‑Journal, and James Copley of the Copley News Service. Other organizations which cooperated with the CIA include the American Broadcasting Company, the National Broadcasting Company, the Associated Press, United Press International, Reuters, Hearst Newspapers, Scripps‑Howard, Newsweek magazine, the Mutual Broadcasting System, the Miami Herald and the old Saturday Evening Post and New York Herald‑Tribune.

By far the most valuable of these associations, according to CIA officials, have been with the New York Times, CBS and Time Inc.

The CIA’s use of the American news media has been much more extensive than Agency officials have acknowledged publicly or in closed sessions with members of Congress. The general outlines of what happened are indisputable; the specifics are harder to come by. CIA sources hint that a particular journalist was trafficking all over Eastern Europe for the Agency; the journalist says no, he just had lunch with the station chief. CIA sources say flatly that a well‑known ABC correspondent worked for the Agency through 1973; they refuse to identify him. A high‑level CIA official with a prodigious memory says that the New York Times provided cover for about ten CIA operatives between 1950 and 1966; he does not know who they were, or who in the newspaper’s management made the arrangements.

The Agency’s special relationships with the so‑called “majors” in publishing and broadcasting enabled the CIA to post some of its most valuable operatives abroad without exposure for more than two decades. In most instances, Agency files show, officials at the highest levels of the CIA usually director or deputy director) dealt personally with a single designated individual in the top management of the cooperating news organization. The aid furnished often took two forms: providing jobs and credentials “journalistic cover” in Agency parlance) for CIA operatives about to be posted in foreign capitals; and lending the Agency the undercover services of reporters already on staff, including some of the best‑known correspondents in the business.

In the field, journalists were used to help recruit and handle foreigners as agents; to acquire and evaluate information, and to plant false information with officials of foreign governments. Many signed secrecy agreements, pledging never to divulge anything about their dealings with the Agency; some signed employment contracts., some were assigned case officers and treated with. unusual deference. Others had less structured relationships with the Agency, even though they performed similar tasks: they were briefed by CIA personnel before trips abroad, debriefed afterward, and used as intermediaries with foreign agents. Appropriately, the CIA uses the term “reporting” to describe much of what cooperating journalists did for the Agency. “We would ask them, ‘Will you do us a favor?’”.said a senior CIA official. “‘We understand you’re going to be in Yugoslavia. Have they paved all the streets? Where did you see planes? Were there any signs of military presence? How many Soviets did you see? If you happen to meet a Soviet, get his name and spell it right …. Can you set up a meeting for is? Or relay a message?’” Many CIA officials regarded these helpful journalists as operatives; the journalists tended to see themselves as trusted friends of the Agency who performed occasional favors—usually without pay—in the national interest.

“I’m proud they asked me and proud to have done it,” said Joseph Alsop who, like his late brother, columnist Stewart Alsop, undertook clandestine tasks for the Agency. “The notion that a newspaperman doesn’t have a duty to his country is perfect balls.”

From the Agency’s perspective, there is nothing untoward in such relationships, and any ethical questions are a matter for the journalistic profession to resolve, not the intelligence community. As Stuart Loory, former Los Angeles Times correspondent, has written in the Columbia Journalism Review: ‘If even one American overseas carrying a press card is a paid informer for the CIA, then all Americans with those credentials are suspect …. If the crisis of confidence faced by the news business—along with the government—is to be overcome, journalists must be willing to focus on themselves the same spotlight they so relentlessly train on others!’ But as Loory also noted: “When it was reported… that newsmen themselves were on the payroll of the CIA, the story caused a brief stir, and then was dropped.”

During the 1976 investigation of the CIA by the Senate Intelligence Committee, chaired by Senator Frank Church, the dimensions of the Agency’s involvement with the press became apparent to several members of the panel, as well as to two or three investigators on the staff. But top officials of the CIA, including former directors William Colby and George Bush, persuaded the committee to restrict its inquiry into the matter and to deliberately misrepresent the actual scope of the activities in its final report. The multivolurne report contains nine pages in which the use of journalists is discussed in deliberately vague and sometimes misleading terms. It makes no mention of the actual number of journalists who undertook covert tasks for the CIA. Nor does it adequately describe the role played by newspaper and broadcast executives in cooperating with the Agency.

THE AGENCY’S DEALINGS WITH THE PRESS BEGAN during the earliest stages of the Cold War. Allen Dulles, who became director of the CIA in 1953, sought to establish a recruiting‑and‑cover capability within America’s most prestigious journalistic institutions. By operating under the guise of accredited news correspondents, Dulles believed, CIA operatives abroad would be accorded a degree of access and freedom of movement unobtainable under almost any other type of cover.

American publishers, like so many other corporate and institutional leaders at the time, were willing to commit the resources of their companies to the struggle against “global Communism.” Accordingly, the traditional line separating the American press corps and government was often indistinguishable: rarely was a news agency used to provide cover for CIA operatives abroad without the knowledge and consent of either its principal owner, publisher or senior editor. Thus, contrary to the notion that the CIA insidiously infiltrated the journalistic community, there is ample evidence that America’s leading publishers and news executives allowed themselves and their organizations to become handmaidens to the intelligence services. “Let’s not pick on some poor reporters, for God’s sake,” William Colby exclaimed at one point to the Church committee’s investigators. “Let’s go to the managements. They were witting.”  In all, about twenty‑five news organizations including those listed at the beginning of this article) provided cover for the Agency.

In addition to cover capability, Dulles initiated a “debriefing” procedure under which American correspondents returning from abroad routinely emptied their notebooks and offered their impressions to Agency personnel. Such arrangements, continued by Dulles’ successors, to the present day, were made with literally dozens of news organizations. In the 1950s, it was not uncommon for returning reporters to be met at the ship by CIA officers. “There would be these guys from the CIA flashing ID cards and looking like they belonged at the Yale Club,” said Hugh Morrow, a former Saturday Evening Post correspondent who is now press secretary to former vice‑president Nelson Rockefeller. “It got to be so routine that you felt a little miffed if you weren’t asked.”

CIA officials almost always refuse to divulge the names of journalists who have cooperated with the Agency. They say it would be unfair to judge these individuals in a context different from the one that spawned the relationships in the first place. “There was a time when it wasn’t considered a crime to serve your government,” said one high‑level CIA official who makes no secret of his bitterness. “This all has to be considered in the context of the morality of the times, rather than against latter‑day standards—and hypocritical standards at that.”

Many journalists who covered World War II were close to people in the Office of Strategic Services, the wartime predecessor of the CIA; more important, they were all on the same side. When the war ended and many OSS officials went into the CIA, it was only natural that these relationships would continue. Meanwhile, the first postwar generation of journalists entered the profession; they shared the same political and professional values as their mentors. “You had a gang of people who worked together during World War II and never got over it,” said one Agency official. “They were genuinely motivated and highly susceptible to intrigue and being on the inside. Then in the Fifties and Sixties there was a national consensus about a national threat. The Vietnam War tore everything to pieces—shredded the consensus and threw it in the air.” Another Agency official observed: “Many journalists didn’t give a second thought to associating with the Agency. But there was a point when the ethical issues which most people had submerged finally surfaced. Today, a lot of these guys vehemently deny that they had any relationship with the Agency.”

From the outset, the use of journalists was among the CIA’s most sensitive undertakings, with full knowledge restricted to the Director of Central Intelligence and a few of his chosen deputies. Dulles and his successors were fearful of what would happen if a journalist‑operative’s cover was blown, or if details of the Agency’s dealings with the press otherwise became public. As a result, contacts with the heads of news  organizations were normally initiated by Dulles and succeeding Directors of Central Intelligence; by the deputy directors and division chiefs in charge of covert operations—Frank Wisner, Cord Meyer Jr., Richard Bissell, Desmond FitzGerald, Tracy Barnes, Thomas Karamessines and Richard Helms himself a former UPI correspondent); and, occasionally, by others in the CIA hierarchy known to have an unusually close social relationship with a particular publisher or broadcast executive.1

James Angleton, who was recently removed as the Agency’s head of counterintelligence operations, ran a completely independent group of journalist‑operatives who performed sensitive and frequently dangerous assignments; little is known about this group for the simple reason that Angleton deliberately kept only the vaguest of files.

The CIA even ran a formal training program in the 1950s to teach its agents to be journalists. Intelligence officers were “taught to make noises like reporters,” explained a high CIA official, and were then placed in major news organizations with help from management. “These were the guys who went through the ranks and were told ‘You’re going to he a journalist,’” the CIA official said. Relatively few of the 400‑some relationships described in Agency files followed that pattern, however; most involved persons who were already bona fide journalists when they began undertaking tasks for the Agency.

The Agency’s relationships with journalists, as described in CIA files, include the following general categories:

■ Legitimate, accredited staff members of news organizations—usually reporters. Some were paid; some worked for the Agency on a purely voluntary basis. This group includes many of the best‑known journalists who carried out tasks for the CIA. The files show that the salaries paid to reporters by newspaper and broadcast networks were sometimes supplemented by nominal payments from the CIA, either in the form of retainers, travel expenses or outlays for specific services performed.  Almost all the payments were made in cash. The accredited category also includes photographers, administrative personnel of foreign news bureaus and members of broadcast technical crews.)

Two of the Agency’s most valuable personal relationships in the 1960s, according to CIA officials, were with reporters who covered Latin America—Jerry O’Leary of the Washington Star and Hal Hendrix of the Miami News, a Pulitzer Prize winner who became a high official of the International Telephone and Telegraph Corporation. Hendrix was extremely helpful to the Agency in providing information about individuals in Miami’s Cuban exile community. O’Leary was considered a valued asset in Haiti and the Dominican Republic. Agency files contain lengthy reports of both men’s activities on behalf of the CIA.

O’Leary maintains that his dealings were limited to the normal give‑and‑take that goes on between reporters abroad and their sources. CIA officials dispute the contention: “There’s no question Jerry reported for us,” said one. “Jerry did assessing and spotting [of prospective agents] but he was better as a reporter for us.” Referring to O’Leary’s denials, the official added: “I don’t know what in the world he’s worried about unless he’s wearing that mantle of integrity the Senate put on you journalists.”

O’Leary attributes the difference of opinion to semantics. “I might call them up and say something like, ‘Papa Doc has the clap, did you know that?’ and they’d put it in the file. I don’t consider that reporting for them…. it’s useful to be friendly to them and, generally, I felt friendly to them. But I think they were more helpful to me than I was to them.” O’Leary took particular exception to being described in the same context as Hendrix. “Hal was really doing work for them,” said O’Leary. “I’m still with the Star. He ended up at ITT.” Hendrix could not be reached for comment. According to Agency officials, neither Hendrix nor O’Leary was paid by the CIA.

■ Stringers2 and freelancers. Most were payrolled by the Agency under standard contractual terms. Their journalistic credentials were often supplied by cooperating news organizations. some filed news stories; others reported only for the CIA. On some occasions, news organizations were not informed by the CIA that their stringers were also working for the Agency.

■ Employees of so‑called CIA “proprietaries.” During the past twenty‑five years, the Agency has secretly bankrolled numerous foreign press services, periodicals and newspapers—both English and foreign language—which provided excellent cover for CIA operatives. One such publication was the Rome Daily American, forty percent of which was owned by the CIA until the 1970s. The Daily American went out of business this year,

■ Editors, publishers and broadcast network executives. The CIAs relationship with most news executives differed fundamentally from those with working reporters and stringers, who were much more subject to direction from the Agency. A few executives—Arthur Hays Sulzberger of the New York Times among them—signed secrecy agreements. But such formal understandings were rare: relationships between Agency officials and media executives were usually social—”The P and Q Street axis in Georgetown,” said one source. “You don’t tell Wilharn Paley to sign a piece of paper saying he won’t fink.”

■ Columnists and commentators. There are perhaps a dozen well known columnists and broadcast commentators whose relationships with the CIA go far beyond those normally maintained between reporters and their sources. They are referred to at the Agency as “known assets” and can be counted on to perform a variety of undercover tasks; they are considered receptive to the Agency’s point of view on various subjects. Three of the most widely read columnists who maintained such ties with the Agency are C.L. Sulzberger of the New York Times, Joseph Alsop, and the late Stewart Alsop, whose column appeared in the New York Herald‑Tribune, the Saturday Evening Post and Newsweek. CIA files contain reports of specific tasks all three undertook. Sulzberger is still regarded as an active asset by the Agency. According to a senior CIA official, “Young Cy Sulzberger had some uses…. He signed a secrecy agreement because we gave him classified information…. There was sharing, give and take. We’d say, ‘Wed like to know this; if we tell you this will it help you get access to so‑and‑so?’ Because of his access in Europe he had an Open Sesame. We’d ask him to just report: ‘What did so‑and‑so say, what did he look like, is he healthy?’ He was very eager, he loved to cooperate.” On one occasion, according to several CIA officials, Sulzberger was given a briefing paper by the Agency which ran almost verbatim under the columnist’s byline in the Times. “Cycame out and said, ‘I’m thinking of doing a piece, can you give me some background?’” a CIA officer said. “We gave it to Cy as a background piece and Cy gave it to the printers and put his name on it.” Sulzberger denies that any incident occurred. “A lot of baloney,” he said.

Sulzberger claims that he was never formally “tasked” by the Agency and that he “would never get caught near the spook business. My relations were totally informal—I had a goodmany friends,” he said. “I’m sure they consider me an asset. They can ask me questions. They find out you’re going to Slobovia and they say, ‘Can we talk to you when you get back?’ … Or they’ll want to know if the head of the Ruritanian government is suffering from psoriasis. But I never took an assignment from one of those guys…. I’ve known Wisner well, and Helms and even McCone [former CIA director John McCone] I used to play golf with. But they’d have had to he awfully subtle to have used me.

Sulzberger says he was asked to sign the secrecy agreement in the 1950s“A guy came around and said, ‘You are a responsible newsman and we need you to sign this if we are going to show you anything classified.’ I said I didn’t want to get entangled and told them, ‘Go to my uncle [Arthur Hays Sulzberger, then publisher of the New York Times] and if he says to sign it I will.’” His uncle subsequently signed such an agreement, Sulzberger said, and he thinks he did too, though he is unsure. “I don’t know, twenty‑some years is a long time.” He described the whole question as “a bubble in a bathtub.”

Stewart Alsop’s relationship with the Agency was much more extensive than Sulzberger’s. One official who served at the highest levels in the CIA said flatly: “Stew Alsop was a CIA agent.” An equally senior official refused to define Alsop’s relationship with the Agency except to say it was a formal one. Other sources said that Alsop was particularly helpful to the Agency in discussions with, officials of foreign governments—asking questions to which the CIA was seeking answers, planting misinformation advantageous to American policy, assessing opportunities for CIA recruitment of well‑placed foreigners.

“Absolute nonsense,” said Joseph Alsop of the notion that his brother was a CIA agent. “I was closer to the Agency than Stew was, though Stew was very close. I dare say he did perform some tasks—he just did the correct thing as an American…. The Founding Fathers [of the CIA] were close personal friends of ours. Dick Bissell [former CIA deputy director] was my oldest friend, from childhood. It was a social thing, my dear fellow. I never received a dollar, I never signed a secrecy agreement. I didn’t have to…. I’ve done things for them when I thought they were the right thing to do. I call it doing my duty as a citizen.

Alsop is willing to discuss on the record only two of the tasks he undertook: a visit to Laos in 1952 at the behest of Frank Wisner, who felt other American reporters were using anti‑American sources about uprisings there; and a visit to the Phillipines in 1953 when the CIA thought his presence there might affect the outcome of an election. “Des FitzGerald urged me to go,” Alsop recalled. “It would be less likely that the election could be stolen [by the opponents of Ramon Magsaysay] if the eyes of the world were on them. I stayed with the ambassador and wrote about what happened.”

Alsop maintains that he was never manipulated by the Agency. “You can’t get entangled so they have leverage on you,” he said. “But what I wrote was true. My view was to get the facts. If someone in the Agency was wrong, I stopped talking to them—they’d given me phony goods.” On one occasion, Alsop said, Richard Helms authorized the head of the Agency’s analytical branch to provide Alsop with information on Soviet military presence along the Chinese border. “The analytical side of the Agency had been dead wrong about the war in Vietnam—they thought it couldn’t be won,” said Alsop. “And they were wrong on the Soviet buildup. I stopped talking to them.” Today, he says, “People in our business would be outraged at the kinds of suggestions that were made to me. They shouldn’t be. The CIA did not open itself at all to people it did not trust. Stew and I were trusted, and I’m proud of it.”

MURKY DETAILS OF CIA RELATIONSHIPS WITH INDIVIDUALS and news organizations began trickling out in 1973 when it was first disclosed that the CIA had, on occasion, employed journalists. Those reports, combined with new information, serve as casebook studies of the Agency’s use of journalists for intelligence purposes. They include:

■ The New York Times. The Agency’s relationship with the Times was by far its most valuable among newspapers, according to CIA officials. From 1950 to 1966, about ten CIA employees were provided Times cover under arrangements approved by the newspaper’s late publisher, Arthur Hays Sulzberger. The cover arrangements were part of a general Times policy—set by Sulzberger—to provide assistance to the CIA whenever possible.

Sulzberger was especially close to Allen Dulles. “At that level of contact it was the mighty talking to the mighty,” said a high‑level CIA official who was present at some of the discussions. “There was an agreement in principle that, yes indeed, we would help each other. The question of cover came up on several occasions.  It was agreed that the actual arrangements would be handled by subordinates…. The mighty didn’t want to know the specifics; they wanted plausible deniability.

A senior CIA official who reviewed a portion of the Agency’s files on journalists for two hours onSeptember 15th, 1977, said he found documentation of five instances in which the Times had provided cover for CIA employees between 1954 and 1962. In each instance he said, the arrangements were handled by executives of the Times; the documents all contained standard Agency language “showing that this had been checked out at higher levels of the New York Times,” said the official. The documents did not mention Sulzberger’s name, however—only those of subordinates whom the official refused to identify.

The CIA employees who received Times credentials posed as stringers for the paper abroad and worked as members of clerical staffs in the Times’ foreign bureaus. Most were American; two or three were foreigners.

CIA officials cite two reasons why the Agency’s working relationship with the Times was closer and more extensive than with any other paper: the fact that the Times maintained the largest foreign news operation in American daily journalism; and the close personal ties between the men who ran both institutions.

Sulzberger informed a number of reporters and editors of his general policy of cooperation with the Agency. “We were in touch with them—they’d talk to us and some cooperated,” said a CIA official. The cooperation usually involved passing on information and “spotting” prospective agents among foreigners.

Arthur Hays Sulzberger signed a secrecy agreement with the CIA in the 1950s, according to CIA officials—a fact confirmed by his nephew, C.L. Sulzberger. However, there are varying interpretations of the purpose of the agreement: C.L. Sulzberger says it represented nothing more than a pledge not to disclose classified information made available to the publisher. That contention is supported by some Agency officials. Others in the Agency maintain that the agreement represented a pledge never to reveal any of the Times’ dealings with the CIA, especially those involving cover. And there are those who note that, because all cover arrangements are classified, a secrecy agreement would automatically apply to them.

Attempts to find out which individuals in the Times organization made the actual arrangements for providing credentials to CIA personnel have been unsuccessful. In a letter to reporter Stuart Loory in 1974, Turner Cadedge, managing editor of the Times from 1951 to 1964, wrote that approaches by the CIA had been rebuffed by the newspaper. “I knew nothing about any involvement with the CIA… of any of our foreign correspondents on the New York Times. I heard many times of overtures to our men by the CIA, seeking to use their privileges, contacts, immunities and, shall we say, superior intelligence in the sordid business of spying and informing. If any one of them succumbed to the blandishments or cash offers, I was not aware of it. Repeatedly, the CIA and other hush‑hush agencies sought to make arrangements for ‘cooperation’ even with Times management, especially during or soon after World War II, but we always resisted. Our motive was to protect our credibility.”

According to Wayne Phillips, a former Timesreporter, the CIA invoked Arthur Hays Sulzberger’s name when it tried to recruit him as an undercover operative in 1952 while he was studying at Columbia University’s Russian Institute. Phillips said an Agency official told him that the CIA had “a working arrangement” with the publisher in which other reporters abroad had been placed on the Agency’s payroll. Phillips, who remained at the Times until 1961, later obtained CIA documents under the Freedom of Information Act which show that the Agency intended to develop him as a clandestine “asset” for use abroad.

On January 31st, 1976, the Times carried a brief story describing the ClAs attempt to recruit Phillips. It quoted Arthur Ochs Sulzberger, the present publisher, as follows: “I never heard of the Times being approached, either in my capacity as publisher or as the son of the late Mr. Sulzberger.” The Times story, written by John M. Crewdson, also reported that Arthur Hays Sulzberger told an unnamed former correspondent that he might he approached by the CIA after arriving at a new post abroad. Sulzberger told him that he was not “under any obligation to agree,” the story said and that the publisher himself would be “happier” if he refused to cooperate. “But he left it sort of up to me,” the Times quoted its former reporter as saying. “The message was if I really wanted to do that, okay, but he didn’t think it appropriate for a Times correspondent”

C.L. Sulzberger, in a telephone interview, said he had no knowledge of any CIA personnel using Times cover or of reporters for the paper working actively for the Agency. He was the paper’s chief of foreign service from 1944 to 1954 and expressed doubt that his uncle would have approved such arrangements. More typical of the late publisher, said  Sulzberger, was a promise made to Allen Dulles’ brother, John Fosterthen secretary of state, that no Times staff member would be permitted to accept an invitation to visit the People’s Republic of China without John Foster Dulles’ consent. Such an invitation was extended to the publisher’s nephew in the 1950s; Arthur Sulzberger forbade him to accept it. “It was seventeen years before another Times correspondent was invited,” C.L. Sulzberger recalled.

■ The Columbia Broadcasting System. CBS was unquestionably the CIAs most valuable broadcasting asset. CBS President William Paley and Allen Dulles enjoyed an easy working and social relationship. Over the years, the network provided cover for CIA employees, including at least one well‑known foreign correspondent and several stringers; it supplied outtakes of newsfilm to the CIA3; established a formal channel of communication between the Washington bureau chief and the Agency; gave the Agency access to the CBS newsfilm library; and allowed reports by CBS correspondents to the Washington and New York newsrooms to be routinely monitored by the CIA. Once a year during the 1950s and early 1960s, CBS correspondents joined the CIA hierarchy for private dinners and briefings.

The details of the CBS‑CIA arrangements were worked out by subordinates of both Dulles and Paley. “The head of the company doesn’t want to know the fine points, nor does the director,” said a CIA official. “Both designate aides to work that out. It keeps them above the battle.” Dr. Frank Stanton, for 25 years president of the network, was aware of the general arrangements Paley made with Dulles—including those for cover, according to CIA officials. Stanton, in an interview last year, said he could not recall any cover arrangements.) But Paley’s designated contact for the Agency was Sig Mickelson, president of CBS News between 1954 and 1961. On one occasion, Mickelson has said, he complained to Stanton about having to use a pay telephone to call the CIA, and Stanton suggested he install a private line, bypassing the CBS switchboard, for the purpose. According to Mickelson, he did so. Mickelson is now president of Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty, both of which were associated with the CIA for many years.

In 1976, CBS News president Richard Salant ordered an in‑house investigation of the network’s dealings with the CIA. Some of its findings were first disclosed by Robert Scheer in the Los Angeles Times.) But Salant’s report makes no mention of some of his own dealings with the Agency, which continued into the 1970s.

Many details about the CBS‑CIA relationship were found in Mickelson’s files by two investigators for Salant. Among the documents they found was a September 13th, 1957, memo to Mickelson fromTed Koop,CBS News bureau chief  in Washington from 1948 to 1961. It describes a phone call to Koop from Colonel Stanley Grogan of the CIA: “Grogan phoned to say that Reeves [J. B. Love Reeves, another CIA official] is going to New York to be in charge of the CIA contact office there and will call to see you and some of your confreres. Grogan says normal activities will continue to channel through the Washington office of CBS News.” The report to Salant also states: “Further investigation of Mickelson’s files reveals some details of the relationship between the CIA and CBS News…. Two key administrators of this relationship were Mickelson and Koop…. The main activity appeared to be the delivery of CBS newsfilm to the CIA…. In addition there is evidence that, during 1964 to 1971, film material, including some outtakes, were supplied by the CBS Newsfilm Library to the CIA through and at the direction of Mr. Koop4…. Notes in Mr. Mickelson’s files indicate that the CIA used CBS films for training… All of the above Mickelson activities were handled on a confidential basis without mentioning the words Central Intelligence Agency. The films were sent to individuals at post‑office box numbers and were paid for by individual, nor government, checks. …” Mickelson also regularly sent the CIA an internal CBS newsletter, according to the report.

Salant’s investigation led him to conclude that Frank Kearns, a CBS‑TV reporter from 1958 to 1971, “was a CIA guy who got on the payroll somehow through a CIA contact with somebody at CBS.” Kearns and Austin Goodrich, a CBS stringer, were undercover CIA employees, hired under arrangements approved by Paley.

Last year a spokesman for Paley denied a report by former CBS correspondent Daniel Schorr that Mickelson and he had discussed Goodrich’s CIA status during a meeting with two Agency representatives in 1954. The spokesman claimed Paley had no knowledge that Goodrich had worked for the CIA. “When I moved into the job I was told by Paley that there was an ongoing relationship with the CIA,” Mickelson said in a recent interview. “He introduced me to two agents who he said would keep in touch. We all discussed the Goodrich situation and film arrangements. I assumed this was a normal relationship at the time. This was at the height of the Cold War and I assumed the communications media were cooperating—though the Goodrich matter was compromising.

At the headquarters of CBS News in New York, Paley’s cooperation with the CIA is taken for granted by many news executives and reporters, despite tile denials. Paley, 76, was not interviewed by Salant’s investigators. “It wouldn’t do any good,” said one CBS executive. “It is the single subject about which his memory has failed.”

Salant discussed his own contacts with the CIA, and the fact he continued many of his predecessor’s practices, in an interview with this reporter last year. The contacts, he said, began in February 1961, “when I got a phone call from a CIA man who said he had a working relationship with Sig Mickelson. The man said, ‘Your bosses know all about it.'”  According to Salant, the CIA representative asked that CBS continue to supply the Agency with unedited newstapes and make its correspondents available for debriefingby Agency officials. Said Salant: “I said no on talking to the reporters, and let them see broadcast tapes, but no outtakes.  This went on for a number of years—into the early Seventies.”

In 1964 and 1965, Salant served on a super-secret CIA task force which explored methods of beaming American propaganda broadcasts to the People’s Republic of China. The other members of the four‑man study team were Zbigniew Brzezinski, then a professor at Columbia University; William Griffith, then professor of political science at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology., and John Haves, then vice‑president of the Washington Post Company for radio‑TV5. The principal government officials associated with the project were Cord Meyer of the CIA; McGeorge Bundy, then special assistant to the president for national security; Leonard Marks, then director of the USIA; and Bill Moyers, then special assistant to President Lyndon Johnson and now a CBS correspondent.

Salant’s involvement in the project began with a call from Leonard Marks, “who told me the White House wanted to form a committee of four people to make a study of U.S. overseas broadcasts behind the Iron Curtain.” When Salant arrived in Washington for the first meeting he was told that the project was CIA sponsored. “Its purpose,” he said, “was to determine how best to set up shortwave broadcasts into Red China.” Accompanied by a CIA officer named Paul Henzie, the committee of four subsequently traveled around the world inspecting facilities run by Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty both CIA‑run operations at the time), the Voice of America and Armed Forces Radio. After more than a year of study, they submitted a report to Moyers recommending that the government establish a broadcast service, run by the Voice of America, to be beamed at the People’s Republic of China. Salant has served two tours as head of CBS News, from 1961‑64 and 1966‑present. At the time of the China project he was a CBS corporate executive.)

■ Time and Newsweek magazines. According to CIA and Senate sources, Agency files contain written agreements with former foreign correspondents and stringers for both the weekly news magazines.  The same sources refused to say whether the CIA has ended all its associations with individuals who work for the two publications. Allen Dulles often interceded with his good friend, the late Henry Luce, founder of Time and Life magazines, who readily allowed certain members of his staff to work for the Agency and agreed to provide jobs and credentials for other CIA operatives who lacked journalistic experience.

For many years, Luce’s personal emissary to the CIA was C.D. Jackson, a Time Inc., vice‑president who was publisher of Life magazine from 1960 until his death in 1964.While a Time executive, Jackson coauthored a CIA‑sponsored study recommending the reorganization of the American intelligence services in the early 1950s. Jackson, whose Time‑Life service was interrupted by a one‑year White House tour as an assistant to President Dwight Eisenhower, approved specific arrangements for providing CIA employees with Time‑Life cover. Some of these arrangements were made with the knowledge of Luce’s wife, Clare Boothe. Other arrangements for Time cover, according to CIA officials including those who dealt with Luce), were made with the knowledge of Hedley Donovan, now editor‑in‑chief of Time Inc. Donovan, who took over editorial direction of all Time Inc. publications in 1959, denied in a telephone interview that he knew of any such arrangements. “I was never approached and I’d be amazed if Luce approved such arrangements,” Donovan said. “Luce had a very scrupulous regard for the difference between journalism and government.”

In the 1950s and early 1960s, Time magazine’s foreign correspondents attended CIA “briefing” dinners similar to those the CIA held for CBS. And Luce, according to CIA officials, made it a regular practice to brief Dulles or other high Agency officials when he returned from his frequent trips abroad. Luce and the men who ran his magazines in the 1950s and 1960s encouraged their foreign correspondents to provide help to the CIA, particularly information that might be useful to the Agency for intelligence purposes or recruiting foreigners.

At Newsweek, Agency sources reported, the CIA engaged the services of’ several foreign correspondents and stringers under arrangements approved by senior editors at the magazine. Newsweek’s stringer in Rome in the mid‑Fifties made little secret of the fact that he worked for the CIA. Malcolm Muir, Newsweek’s editor from its founding in 1937 until its sale to the Washington Post Company in 1961, said in a recent interview that his dealings with the CIA were limited to private briefings he gave Allen Dulles after trips abroad and arrangements he approved for regular debriefing of Newsweek correspondents by the Agency. He said that he had never provided cover for CIA operatives, but that others high in the Newsweek organization might have done so without his knowledge.

“I would have thought there might have been stringers who were agents, but I didn’t know who they were,” said Muir. “I do think in those days the CIA kept pretty close touch with all responsible reporters. Whenever I heard something that I thought might be of interest to Allen Dulles, I’d call him up…. At one point he appointed one of his CIA men to keep in regular contact with our reporters, a chap that I knew but whose name I can’t remember. I had a number of friends in Alien Dulles’ organization.” Muir said that Harry Kern, Newsweek’s foreign editor from 1945 until 1956, and Ernest K. Lindley, the magazine’s Washington bureau chief during the same period “regularly checked in with various fellows in the CIA.”

“To the best of my knowledge.” said Kern, “nobody at Newsweek worked for the CIA… The informal relationship was there. Why have anybody sign anything? What we knew we told them [the CIA] and the State Department…. When I went to Washington, I would talk to Foster or Allen Dulles about what was going on. … We thought it was admirable at the time. We were all on the same side.” CIA officials say that Kern’s dealings with the Agency were extensive. In 1956, he left Newsweek to run Foreign Reportsa Washington‑based newsletter whose subscribers Kern refuses to identify.

Ernest Lindley, who remained at Newsweek until 1961, said in a recent interview that he regularly consulted with Dulles and other high CIA officials before going abroad and briefed them upon his return. “Allen was very helpful to me and I tried to reciprocate when I could,” he said. “I’d give him my impressions of people I’d met overseas. Once or twice he asked me to brief a large group of intelligence people; when I came back from the Asian‑African conference in 1955, for example; they mainly wanted to know about various people.”

As Washington bureau chief, Lindley said he learned from Malcolm Muir that the magazine’s stringer in southeastern Europe was a CIA contract employee—given credentials under arrangements worked out with the management. “I remember it came up—whether it was a good idea to keep this person from the Agency; eventually it was decided to discontinue the association,” Lindley said.

When Newsweek waspurchased by the Washington Post Company, publisher Philip L. Graham was informed by Agency officials that the CIA occasionally used the magazine for cover purposes, according to CIA sources. “It was widely known that Phil Graham was somebody you could get help from,” said a former deputy director of the Agency. “Frank Wisner dealt with him.” Wisner, deputy director of the CIA from 1950 until shortly before his suicide in 1965, was the Agency’s premier orchestrator of “black” operations, including many in which journalists were involved. Wisner liked to boast of his “mighty Wurlitzer,” a wondrous propaganda instrument he built, and played, with help from the press.) Phil Graham was probably Wisner’s closest friend. But Graharn, who committed suicide in 1963, apparently knew little of the specifics of any cover arrangements with Newsweek, CIA sources said.

In 1965‑66, an accredited Newsweekstringer in the Far East was in fact a CIA contract employee earning an annual salary of $10,000 from the Agency, according to Robert T. Wood, then a CIA officer in the Hong Kong station. Some, Newsweek correspondents and stringers continued to maintain covert ties with the Agency into the 1970s, CIA sources said.

Information about Agency dealings with the Washington Post newspaper is extremely sketchy. According to CIA officials, some Post stringers have been CIA employees, but these officials say they do not know if anyone in the Post management was aware of the arrangements.

All editors‑in‑chief and managing editors of the Post since 1950 say they knew of no formal Agency relationship with either stringers or members of the Post staff. “If anything was done it was done by Phil without our knowledge,” said one. Agency officials, meanwhile, make no claim that Post staff members have had covert affiliations with the Agency while working for the paper.6

Katharine Graham, Philip Graham’s widow and the current publisher of the Post, says she has never been informed of any CIA relationships with either Post or Newsweek personnel. In November of 1973, Mrs. Graham called William Colby and asked if any Post stringers or staff members were associated with the CIA. Colby assured her that no staff members were employed by the Agency but refused to discuss the question of stringers.

■ The Louisville Courier‑Journal. From December 1964 until March 1965, a CIA undercover operative named Robert H. Campbell worked on the Courier‑Journal. According to high‑level CIA sources, Campbell was hired by the paper under arrangements the Agency made with Norman E. Isaacs, then executive editor of the Courier‑Journal. Barry Bingham Sr., then publisher of the paper, also had knowledge of the arrangements, the sources said. Both Isaacs and Bingham have denied knowing that Campbell was an intelligence agent when he was hired.

The complex saga of Campbell’s hiring was first revealed in a Courier‑Journal story written by James R Herzog on March 27th, 1976, during the Senate committee’s investigation, Herzog’s account began: “When 28‑year‑old Robert H. Campbell was hired as a Courier‑Journal reporter in December 1964, he couldn’t type and knew little about news writing.” The account then quoted the paper’s former managing editor as saying that Isaacs told him that Campbell was hired as a result of a CIA request: “Norman said, when he was in Washington [in 1964], he had been called to lunch with some friend of his who was with the CIA [and that] he wanted to send this young fellow down to get him a little knowledge of newspapering.” All aspects of Campbell’s hiring were highly unusual. No effort had been made to check his credentials, and his employment records contained the following two notations: “Isaacs has files of correspondence and investigation of this man”; and, “Hired for temporary work—no reference checks completed or needed.”

The level of Campbell’s journalistic abilities apparently remained consistent during his stint at the paper, “The stuff that Campbell turned in was almost unreadable,” said a former assistant city editor. One of Campbell’s major reportorial projects was a feature about wooden Indians. It was never published. During his tenure at the paper, Campbell frequented a bar a few steps from the office where, on occasion, he reportedly confided to fellow drinkers that he was a CIA employee.

According to CIA sources, Campbell’s tour at the Courier‑Journal was arranged to provide him with a record of journalistic experience that would enhance the plausibility of future reportorial cover and teach him something about the newspaper business. The Courier‑Journal’s investigation also turned up the fact that before coming to Louisville he had worked briefly for the Hornell, New York, Evening Tribune, published by Freedom News, Inc. CIA sources said the Agency had made arrangements with that paper’s management to employ Campbell.7

At the Courier‑Journal, Campbell was hired under arrangements made with Isaacs and approved by Bingham, said CIA and Senate sources. “We paid the Courier‑Journal so they could pay his salary,” said an Agency official who was involved in the transaction. Responding by letter to these assertions, Isaacs, who left Louisville to become president and publisher of the Wilmington Delaware) News & Journal, said: “All I can do is repeat the simple truth—that never, under any circumstances, or at any time, have I ever knowingly hired a government agent. I’ve also tried to dredge my memory, but Campbell’s hiring meant so little to me that nothing emerges…. None of this is to say that I couldn’t have been ‘had.’”.Barry Bingham Sr., said last year in a telephone interview that he had no specific memory of Campbell’s hiring and denied that he knew of any arrangements between the newspaper’s management and the CIA. However, CIA officials said that the Courier‑Journal, through contacts with Bingham, provided other unspecified assistance to the Agency in the 1950s and 1960s. The Courier‑Journal’s detailed, front‑page account of Campbell’s hiring was initiated by Barry Bingham Jr., who succeeded his father as editor and publisher of the paper in 1971. The article is the only major piece of self‑investigation by a newspaper that has appeared on this subject.8

■ The American Broadcasting Company and the National Broadcasting Company. According to CIA officials, ABC continued to provide cover for some CIA operatives through the 1960s. One was Sam Jaffe who CIA officials said performed clandestine tasks for the Agency. Jaffe has acknowledged only providing the CIA with information. In addition, another well‑known network correspondent performed covert tasks for the Agency, said CIA sources. At the time of the Senate bearings, Agency officials serving at the highest levels refused to say whether the CIA was still maintaining active relationships with members of the ABC‑News organization. All cover arrangements were made with the knowledge off ABC executives, the sources said.

These same sources professed to know few specifies about the Agency’s relationships with NBC, except that several foreign correspondents of the network undertook some assignments for the Agency in the 1950s and 1960s. “It was a thing people did then,” said Richard Wald, president of NBC News since 1973. “I wouldn’t be surprised if people here—including some of the correspondents in those days—had connections with the Agency.”

■ The Copley Press, and its subsidiary, the Copley News Service. This relationship, first disclosed publicly by reporters Joe Trento and Dave Roman in Penthouse magazine, is said by CIA officials to have been among the Agency’s most productive in terms of getting “outside” cover for its employees. Copley owns nine newspapers in California and Illinois—among them the San Diego Union and Evening Tribune. The Trento‑Roman account, which was financed by a grant from the Fund for Investigative Journalism, asserted that at least twenty‑three Copley News Service employees performed work for the CIA. “The Agency’s involvement with the Copley organization is so extensive that it’s almost impossible to sort out,” said a CIA official who was asked about the relationship late in 1976. Other Agency officials said then that James S. Copley, the chain’s owner until his death in 1973, personally made most of the cover arrangements with the CIA.

According to Trento and Roman, Copley personally volunteered his news service to then‑president Eisenhower to act as “the eyes and ears” against “the Communist threat in Latin and Central America” for “our intelligence services.”  James Copley was also the guiding hand behind the Inter‑American Press Association, a CIA‑funded organization with heavy membership among right‑wing Latin American newspaper editors.

■ Other major news organizations. According to Agency officials, CIA files document additional cover arrangements with the following news‑gathering organizations, among others: the New York Herald‑Tribune, the Saturday‑Evening Post, Scripps‑Howard Newspapers, Hearst Newspapers Seymour K. Freidin, Hearst’s current London bureau chief and a former  Herald‑Tribune editor and correspondent, has been identified as a CIA operative by Agency sources), Associated Press,9 United Press International, the Mutual Broadcasting System, Reuters and the Miami Herald. Cover arrangements with the Herald, according to CIA officials, were unusual in that they were made “on the ground by the CIA station in Miami, not from CIA headquarters.

“And that’s just a small part of the list,” in the words of one official who served in the CIA hierarchy. Like many sources, this official said that the only way to end the uncertainties about aid furnished the Agency by journalists is to disclose the contents of the CIA files—a course opposed by almost all of the thirty‑five present and former CIA officials interviewed over the course of a year.COLBY CUTS HIS LOSSES

THE CIA’S USE OF JOURNALISTS CONTINUED VIRTUALLY unabated until 1973 when, in response to public disclosure that the Agency had secretly employed American reporters, William Colby began scaling down the program. In his public statements, Colby conveyed the impression that the use of journalists had been minimal and of limited importance to the Agency.

He then initiated a series of moves intended to convince the press, Congress and the public that the CIA had gotten out of the news business. But according to Agency officials, Colby had in fact thrown a protective net around his valuable intelligence in the journalistic community. He ordered his deputies to maintain Agency ties with its best journalist contacts while severing formal relationships with many regarded as inactive, relatively unproductive or only marginally important. In reviewing Agency files to comply with Colby’s directive, officials found that many journalists had not performed useful functions for the CIA in years. Such relationships, perhaps as many as a hundred, were terminated between 1973 and 1976.

Meanwhile, important CIA operatives who had been placed on the staffs of some major newspaper and broadcast outlets were told to resign and become stringers or freelancers, thus enabling Colby to assure concerned editors that members of their staffs were not CIA employees. Colby also feared that some valuable stringer‑operatives might find their covers blown if scrutiny of the Agency’s ties with journalists continued. Some of these individuals were reassigned to jobs on so‑called proprietary publications—foreign periodicals and broadcast outlets secretly funded and staffed by the CIA. Other journalists who had signed formal contracts with the CIA—making them employees of the Agency—were released from their contracts, and asked to continue working under less formal arrangements.

In November 1973, after many such shifts had been made, Colby told reporters and editors from the New York Times and the Washington Star that the Agency had “some three dozen” American newsmen “on the CIA payroll,” including five who worked for “general‑circulation news organizations.” Yet even while the Senate Intelligence Committee was holding its hearings in 1976, according to high‑level CIA sources, the CIA continued to maintain ties with seventy‑five to ninety journalists of every description—executives, reporters, stringers, photographers, columnists, bureau clerks and members of broadcast technical crews. More than half of these had been moved off CIA contracts and payrolls but they were still bound by other secret agreements with the Agency. According to an unpublished report by the House Select Committee on Intelligence, chaired by Representative Otis Pike, at least fifteen news organizations were still providing cover for CIA operatives as of 1976.

Colby, who built a reputation as one of the most skilled undercover tacticians in the CIA’s history, had himself run journalists in clandestine operations before becoming director in 1973. But even he was said by his closest associates to have been disturbed at how extensively and, in his view, indiscriminately, the Agency continued to use journalists at the time he took over. “Too prominent,” the director frequently said of some of the individuals and news organizations then working with the CIA. Others in the Agency refer to their best‑known journalistic assets as “brand names.”)

“Colby’s concern was that he might lose the resource altogether unless we became a little more careful about who we used and how we got them,” explained one of the former director’s deputies. The thrust of Colby’s subsequent actions was to move the Agency’s affiliations away from the so‑called “majors” and to concentrate them instead in smaller newspaper chains, broadcasting groups and such specialized publications as trade journals and newsletters.

After Colby left the Agency on January 28th, 1976, and was succeeded by George Bush, the CIA announced a new policy: “Effective immediately, the CIA will not enter into any paid or contractual relationship with any full‑time or part‑time news correspondent accredited by any U.S. news service, newspaper, periodical, radio or television network or station” At the time of the announcement, the Agency acknowledged that the policy would result in termination of less than half of the relationships with the 50 U.S. journalists it said were still affiliated with the Agency. The text of the announcement noted that the CIA would continue to “welcome” the voluntary, unpaid cooperation of journalists. Thus, many relationships were permitted to remain intact.

The Agency’s unwillingness to end its use of journalists and its continued relationships with some news executives is largely the product of two basic facts of the intelligence game: journalistic cover is ideal because of the inquisitive nature of a reporter’s job; and many other sources of institutional cover have been denied the CIA in recent years by businesses, foundations and educational institutions that once cooperated with the Agency.

“It’s tough to run a secret agency in this country,” explained one high‑level CIA official. “We have a curious ambivalence about intelligence. In order to serve overseas we need cover. But we have been fighting a rear‑guard action to try and provide cover. The Peace Corps is off‑limits, so is USIA, the foundations and voluntary organizations have been off‑limits since ‘67, and there is a self‑imposed prohibition on Fulbrights [Fulbright Scholars]. If you take the American community and line up who could work for the CIA and who couldn’t there is a very narrow potential. Even the Foreign Service doesn’t want us. So where the hell do you go? Business is nice, but the press is a natural. One journalist is worth twenty agents. He has access, the ability to ask questions without arousing suspicion.”

ROLE OF THE CHURCH COMMITTEE

DESPITE THE EVIDENCE OF WIDESPREAD CIA USE OF journalists, the Senate Intelligence Committee and its staff decided against questioning any of the reporters, editors, publishers or broadcast executives whose relationships with the Agency are detailed in CIA files.

According to sources in the Senate and the Agency, the use of journalists was one of two areas of inquiry which the CIA went to extraordinary lengths to curtail. The other was the Agency’s continuing and extensive use of academics for recruitment and information gathering purposes.

In both instances, the sources said, former directors Colby and Bush and CIA special counsel Mitchell Rogovin were able to convince key members of the committee that full inquiry or even limited public disclosure of the dimensions of the activities would do irreparable damage to the nation’s intelligence‑gathering apparatus, as well as to the reputations of hundreds of individuals. Colby was reported to have been especially persuasive in arguing that disclosure would bring on a latter‑day “witch hunt” in which the victims would be reporters, publishers and editors.

Walter Elder, deputy to former CIA director McCone and the principal Agency liaison to the Church committee, argued that the committee lacked jurisdiction because there had been no misuse of journalists by the CIA; the relationships had been voluntary. Elder cited as an example the case of the Louisville Courier‑Journal. “Church and other people on the committee were on the chandelier about the Courier‑Journal,” one Agency official said, “until we pointed out that we had gone to the editor to arrange cover, and that the editor had said, ‘Fine.’”

Some members of the Church committee and staff feared that Agency officials had gained control of the inquiry and that they were being hoodwinked. “The Agency was extremely clever about it and the committee played right into its hands,” said one congressional source familiar with all aspects of the inquiry. “Church and some of the other members were much more interested in making headlines than in doing serious, tough investigating. The Agency pretended to be giving up a lot whenever it was asked about the flashy stuff—assassinations and secret weapons and James Bond operations. Then, when it came to things that they didn’t want to give away, that were much more important to the Agency, Colby in particular called in his chits. And the committee bought it.”

The Senate committee’s investigation into the use of journalists was supervised by William B. Bader, a former CIA intelligence officer who returned briefly to the Agency this year as deputy to CIA director Stansfield Turner and is now a high‑level intelligence official at the Defense Department. Bader was assisted by David Aaron, who now serves as the deputy to Zbigniew Brzezinski, President Carter’s national security adviser.

According to colleagues on the staff of the Senate inquiry, both Bader and Aaron were disturbed by the information contained in CIA files about journalists; they urged that further investigation he undertaken by the Senate’s new permanent CIA oversight committee. That committee, however, has spent its first year of existence writing a new charter for the CIA, and members say there has been little interest in delving further into the CIA’s use of the press.

Bader’s investigation was conducted under unusually difficult conditions. His first request for specific information on the use of journalists was turned down by the CIA on grounds that there had been no abuse of authority and that current intelligence operations might he compromised. Senators Walter Huddleston, Howard Baker, Gary Hart, Walter Mondale and Charles Mathias—who had expressed interest in the subject of the press and the CIA—shared Bader’s distress at the CIA’s reaction. In a series of phone calls and meetings with CIA director George Bush and other Agency officials, the senators insisted that the committee staff be provided information about the scope of CIA‑press activities. Finally, Bush agreed to order a search of the files and have those records pulled which deals with operations where journalists had been used. But the raw files could not he made available to Bader or the committee, Bush insisted. Instead, the director decided, his deputies would condense the material into one‑paragraph sum­maries describing in the most general terms the activities of each individual journalist. Most important, Bush decreed, the names of journalists and of the news organizations with which they were affiliated would be omitted from the summaries. However, there might be some indication of the region where the journalist had served and a general description of the type of news organization for which he worked.

Assembling the summaries was difficult, according to CIA officials who supervised the job. There were no “journalist files” per se and information had to be collected from divergent sources that reflect the highly compartmentalized character of the CIA. Case officers who had handled journalists supplied some names. Files were pulled on various undercover operations in which it seemed logical that journalists had been used. Significantly, all work by reporters for the Agency under the category of covert operations, not foreign intelligence.) Old station records were culled. “We really had to scramble,” said one official.

After several weeks, Bader began receiving the summaries, which numbered over 400 by the time the Agency said it had completed searching its files.

The Agency played an intriguing numbers game with the committee. Those who prepared the material say it was physically impossible to produce all of the Agency’s files on the use of journalists. “We gave them a broad, representative picture,” said one agency official. “We never pretended it was a total description of the range of activities over 25 years, or of the number of journalists who have done things for us.” A relatively small number of the summaries described the activities of foreign journalists—including those working as stringers for American publications. Those officials most knowledgeable about the subject say that a figure of 400 American journalists is on the low side of the actual number who maintained covert relationships and undertook clandestine tasks.

Bader and others to whom he described the contents of the summaries immediately reached some general conclusions: the sheer number of covert relationships with journalists was far greater than the CIA had ever hinted; and the Agency’s use of reporters and news executives was an intelligence asset of the first magnitude. Reporters had been involved in almost every conceivable kind of operation. Of the 400‑plus individuals whose activities were summarized, between 200 and 250 were “working journalists” in the usual sense of the term—reporters, editors, correspondents, photographers; the rest were employed at least nominally) by book publishers, trade publications and newsletters.

Still, the summaries were just that: compressed, vague, sketchy, incomplete. They could be subject to ambiguous interpretation. And they contained no suggestion that the CIA had abused its authority by manipulating the editorial content of American newspapers or broadcast reports.

Bader’s unease with what he had found led him to seek advice from several experienced hands in the fields of foreign relations and intelligence. They suggested that he press for more information and give those members of the committee in whom he had the most confidence a general idea of what the summaries revealed. Bader again went to Senators Huddleston, Baker, Hart, Mondale and Mathias. Meanwhile, he told the CIA that he wanted to see more—the full files on perhaps a hundred or so of the individuals whose activities had been summarized. The request was turned down outright. The Agency would provide no more information on the subject. Period.

The CIA’s intransigence led to an extraordinary dinner meeting at Agency headquarters in late March 1976. Those present included Senators Frank Church who had now been briefed by Bader), and John Tower, the vice‑chairman of the committee; Bader; William Miller, director of the committee staff; CIA director Bush; Agency counsel Rogovin; and Seymour Bolten, a high‑level CIA operative who for years had been a station chief in Germany and Willy Brandt’s case officer. Bolten had been deputized by Bush to deal with the committee’s requests for information on journalists and academics. At the dinner, the Agency held to its refusal to provide any full files. Nor would it give the committee the names of any individual journalists described in the 400 summaries or of the news organizations with whom they were affiliated. The discussion, according to participants, grew heated. The committee’s representatives said they could not honor their mandate—to determine if the CIA had abused its authority—without further information. The CIA maintained it could not protect its legitimate intelligence operations or its employees if further disclosures were made to the committee. Many of the journalists were contract employees of the Agency, Bush said at one point, and the CIA was no less obligated to them than to any other agents.

Finally, a highly unusual agreement was hammered out: Bader and Miller would be permitted to examine “sanitized” versions of the full files of twenty‑five journalists selected from the summaries; but the names of the journalists and the news organizations which employed them would be blanked out, as would the identities of other CIA employees mentioned in the files. Church and Tower would be permitted to examine the unsanitizedversions of five of the twenty‑five files—to attest that the CIA was not hiding anything except the names. The whole deal was contingent on an agreement that neither Bader, Miner, Tower nor Church would reveal the contents of the files to other members of the committee or staff.

Bader began reviewing the 400‑some summaries again. His object was to select twenty‑five that, on the basis of the sketchy information they contained, seemed to represent a cross section. Dates of CIA activity, general descriptions of news organizations, types of journalists and undercover operations all figured in his calculations.

From the twenty‑five files he got back, according to Senate sources and CIA officials, an unavoidable conclusion emerged: that to a degree never widely suspected, the CIA in the 1950s, ‘60s and even early ‘70s had concentrated its relationships with journalists in the most prominent sectors of the American press corps, including four or five of the largest newspapers in the country, the broadcast networks and the two major newsweekly magazines. Despite the omission of names and affiliations from the twenty‑five detailed files each was between three and eleven inches thick), the information was usually sufficient to tentatively identify either the newsman, his affiliation or both—particularly because so many of them were prominent in the profession.

“There is quite an incredible spread of relationships,” Bader reported to the senators. “You don’t need to manipulate Time magazine, for example, because there are Agency people at the management level.”

Ironically, one major news organization that set limits on its dealings with the CIA, according to Agency officials, was the one with perhaps the greatest editorial affinity for the Agency’s long‑range goals and policies: U.S. News and World Report. The late David Lawrence, the columnist and founding editor of U.S. News, was a close friend of Allen Dulles. But he repeatedly refused requests by the CIA director to use the magazine for cover purposes, the sources said. At one point, according to a high CIA official, Lawrence issued orders to his sub‑editors in which he threatened to fire any U.S. News employee who was found to have entered into a formal relationship with the Agency. Former editorial executives at the magazine confirmed that such orders had been issued. CIA sources declined to say, however, if the magazine remained off‑limits to the Agency after Lawrence’s death in 1973 or if Lawrence’s orders had been followed.)

Meanwhile, Bader attempted to get more information from the CIA, particularly about the Agency’s current relationships with journalists. He encountered a stone wall. “Bush has done nothing to date,” Bader told associates. “None of the important operations are affected in even a marginal way.” The CIA also refused the staffs requests for more information on the use of academics. Bush began to urge members of the committee to curtail its inquiries in both areas and conceal its findings in the final report. “He kept saying, ‘Don’t fuck these guys in the press and on the campuses,’ pleading that they were the only areas of public life with any credibility left,” reported a Senate source. Colby, Elder and Rogovin also implored individual members of the committee to keep secret what the staff had found. “There were a lot of representations that if this stuff got out some of the biggest names in journalism would get smeared,” said another source. Exposure of the CIA’s relationships with journalists and academics, the Agency feared, would close down two of the few avenues of agent recruitment still open. “The danger of exposure is not the other side,” explained one CIA expert in covert operations. “This is not stuff the other side doesn’t know about. The concern of the Agency is that another area of cover will be denied.”

A senator who was the object of the Agency’s lobbying later said: “From the CIA point of view this was the highest, most sensitive covert program of all…. It was a much larger part of the operational system than has been indicated.” He added, “I had a great compulsion to press the point but it was late …. If we had demanded, they would have gone the legal route to fight it.”

Indeed, time was running out for the committee. In the view of many staff members, it had squandered its resources in the search for CIA assassination plots and poison pen letters. It had undertaken the inquiry into journalists almost as an afterthought. The dimensions of the program and the CIA’s sensitivity to providing information on it had caught the staff and the committee by surprise. The CIA oversight committee that would succeed the Church panel would have the inclination and the time to inquire into the subject methodically; if, as seemed likely, the CIA refused to cooperate further, the mandate of the successor committee would put it in a more advantageous position to wage a protracted fight …. Or so the reasoning went as Church and the few other senators even vaguely familiar with Bader’s findings reached a decision not to pursue the matter further. No journalists would be interviewed about their dealings with the Agency—either by the staff or by the senators, in secret or in open session. The specter, first raised by CIA officials, of a witch hunt in the press corps haunted some members of the staff and the committee. “We weren’t about to bring up guys to the committee and then have everybody say they’ve been traitors to the ideals of their profession,” said a senator.

Bader, according to associates, was satisfied with the decision and believed that the successor committee would pick up the inquiry where he had left it. He was opposed to making public the names of individual journalists. He had been concerned all along that he had entered a “gray area” in which there were no moral absolutes. Had the CIA “manipulated” the press in the classic sense of the term? Probably not, he concluded; the major news organizations and their executives had willingly lent their resources to the Agency; foreign correspondents had regarded work for the CIA as a national service and a way of getting better stories and climbing to the top of their profession. Had the CIA abused its authority? It had dealt with the press almost exactly as it had dealt with other institutions from which it sought cover — the diplomatic service, academia, corporations. There was nothing in the CIA’s charter which declared any of these institutions off‑limits to America’s intelligence service. And, in the case of the press, the Agency had exercised more care in its dealings than with many other institutions; it had gone to considerable lengths to restrict its role to information‑gathering and cover.10

Bader was also said to be concerned that his knowledge was so heavily based on information furnished by the CIA; he hadn’t gotten the other side of the story from those journalists who had associated with the Agency. He could be seeing only “the lantern show,” he told associates. Still, Bader was reasonably sure that he had seen pretty much the full panoply of what was in the files. If the CIA had wanted to deceive him it would have never given away so much, he reasoned. “It was smart of the Agency to cooperate to the extent of showing the material to Bader,” observed a committee source. “That way, if one fine day a file popped up, the Agency would be covered. They could say they had already informed the Congress.”

The dependence on CIA files posed another problem. The CIA’s perception of a relationship with a journalist might be quite different than that of the journalist: a CIA official might think he had exercised control over a journalist; the journalist might think he had simply had a few drinks with a spook. It was possible that CIA case officers had written self‑serving memos for the files about their dealings with journalists, that the CIA was just as subject to common bureaucratic “cover‑your‑ass” paperwork as any other agency of government.

A CIA official who attempted to persuade members of the Senate committee that the Agency’s use of journalists had been innocuous maintained that the files were indeed filled with “puffing” by case officers. “You can’t establish what is puff and what isn’t,” he claimed. Many reporters, he added, “were recruited for finite [specific] undertakings and would be appalled to find that they were listed [in Agency files] as CIA operatives.” This same official estimated that the files contained descriptions of about half a dozen reporters and correspondents who would be considered “famous”—that is, their names would be recognized by most Americans. “The files show that the CIA goes to the press for and just as often that the press comes to the CIA,” he observed. “…There is a tacit agreement in many of these cases that there is going to be a quid pro quo”—i.e., that the reporter is going to get good stories from the Agency and that the CIA will pick up some valuable services from the reporter.

Whatever the interpretation, the findings of the Senate committees inquiry into the use of journalists were deliberately buried—from the full membership of the committee, from the Senate and from the public. “There was a difference of opinion on how to treat the subject,” explained one source. “Some [senators] thought these were abuses which should be exorcized and there were those who said, ‘We don’t know if this is bad or not.’”

Bader’s findings on the subject were never discussed with the full committee, even in executive session. That might have led to leaks—especially in view of the explosive nature of the facts. Since the beginning of the Church committee’s investigation, leaks had been the panel’s biggest collective fear, a real threat to its mission. At the slightest sign of a leak the CIA might cut off the flow of sensitive information as it did, several times in other areas), claiming that the committee could not be trusted with secrets. “It was as if we were on trial—not the CIA,” said a member of the committee staff. To describe in the committee’s final report the true dimensions of the Agency’s use of journalists would cause a furor in the press and on the Senate floor. And it would result in heavy pressure on the CIA to end its use of journalists altogether. “We just weren’t ready to take that step,” said a senator. A similar decision was made to conceal the results of the staff’s inquiry into the use of academics. Bader, who supervised both areas of inquiry, concurred in the decisions and drafted those sections of the committee’s final report. Pages 191 to 201 were entitled “Covert Relationships with the United States Media.” “It hardly reflects what we found,” stated Senator Gary Hart. “There was a prolonged and elaborate negotiation [with the CIA] over what would be said.”

Obscuring the facts was relatively simple. No mention was made of the 400 summaries or what they showed. Instead the report noted blandly that some fifty recent contacts with journalists had been studied by the committee staff—thus conveying the impression that the Agency’s dealings with the press had been limited to those instances. The Agency files, the report noted, contained little evidence that the editorial content of American news reports had been affected by the CIA’s dealings with journalists. Colby’s misleading public statements about the use of journalists were repeated without serious contradiction or elaboration. The role of cooperating news executives was given short shrift. The fact that the Agency had concentrated its relationships in the most prominent sectors of the press went unmentioned. That the CIA continued to regard the press as up for grabs was not even suggested.

Former ‘Washington Post’ reporter CARL BERNSTEIN is now working on a book about the witch hunts of the Cold War.

Footnotes:

1 John McCone, director of the Agency from 1961 to 1965, said in a recent interview that he knew about “great deal of debriefing and exchanging help” but nothing about any arrangements for cover the CIA might have made with media organizations. “I wouldn’t necessarily have known about it,” he said. “Helms would have handled anything like that. It would be unusual for him to come to me and say, ‘We’re going to use journalists for cover.’ He had a job to do. There was no policy during my period that would say, ‘Don’t go near that water,’ nor was there one saying, ‘Go to it!'” During the Church committee bearings, McCone testified that his subordinates failed to tell him about domestic surveillance activities or that they were working on plans to assassinate Fidel Castro. Richard Helms was deputy director of the Agency at the time; he became director in 1966.

2 A stringer is a reporter who works for one or several news organizations on a retainer or on a piecework basis.

3 From the CIA point of view, access to newsfilm outtakes and photo libraries is a matter of extreme importance. The Agency’s photo archive is probably the greatest on earth; its graphic sources include satellites, photoreconnaissance, planes, miniature cameras … and the American press. During the 1950s and 1960s, the Agency obtained carte‑blanche borrowing privileges in the photo libraries of literally dozens of American newspapers, magazines and television, outlets. For obvious reasons, the CIA also assigned high priority to the recruitment of photojournalists, particularly foreign‑based members of network camera crews.

4 On April 3rd, 1961, Koop left the Washington bureau to become head of CBS, Inc.’s Government Relations Department — a position he held until his retirement on March 31st, 1972.  Koop, who worked as a deputy in the Censorship Office in World War II, continued to deal with the CIA in his new position, according to CBS sources.

5 Hayes, who left the Washington Post Company in 1965 to become U.S. Ambassador to Switzerland, is now chairman of the board of Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty — both of which severed their ties with the CIA in 1971.  Hayes said he cleared his participation in the China project with the late Frederick S. Beebe, then chairman of the board of the Washington Post Company.  Katharine Graham, the Post’s publisher, was unaware of the nature of the assignment, he said.  Participants in the project signed secrecy agreements.

6 Philip Geyelin, editor of the Post editorial page, worked for the Agency before joining the Post.

7 Louis Buisch, presidentof the publishing company of the Hornell, New York, Evening Tribune, told the Courier‑Journal in 1976 that he remembered little about the hiring of Robert Campbell. “He wasn’t there very long, and he didn’t make much of an impression,” said Buisch, who has since retired from active management of the newspaper.

8 Probably the most thoughtful article on the subject of the press and the CIA was written by Stuart H. Loory and appeared in the September‑October 1974 issue of Columbia Journalism Review.

9 Wes Gallagher, general manager of the Associated Press from 1962 to 1976, takes vigorous exception to the notion that the Associated Press might have aided the Agency. “We’ve always stayed clear on the CIA; I would have fired anybody who worked for them. We don’t even let our people debrief.” At the time of the first disclosures that reporters had worked for the CIA, Gallagher went to Colby. “We tried to find out names. All he would say was that no full‑time staff member of the Associated Press was employed by the Agency. We talked to Bush. He said the same thing.” If any Agency personnel were placed in Associated Press bureaus, said Gallagher, it was done without consulting the management of the wire service. But Agency officials insist that they were able to make cover arrangements through someone in the upper management levelsof Associated Press, whom they refuse to identify.

10 Many journalists and some CIA officials dispute the Agency’s claim that it has been scrupulous in respecting the editorial integrity of American publications and broadcast outlets.

Why Has Nixon’s Name Remained So Hated?

JULY 5, 2021

NY Times: Was Richard Nixon a Tragic Hero?

The resignation from office of President Richard Nixon(over some petty nonsense) in 1974, after a year-long “impeachment process,” marked the first and only time that a US president has ever been forced out of office — while living, that is. Technically, it was a resignation because Nixon hadn’t been impeached. But the Democrat House certainly had enough votes to impeach and the Senate had enough gutless Republicans to convict him of obstruction of justice, abuse of power, and contempt of Congress related to a break-in at Washington’s Watergate Hotel by some low-level operatives looking for dirt on Democrats’. Nixon, oblivious of the “burglary,” was crucified not for the minor act, but for the cover-up.

In those pre-Talk Radio / pre-cable TV / pre-Internet / pre-Twitter days of total media monopoly, the Big Five Jew bullhorns — New York Times: (Sulzberger) — Washington Post: (Meyer-Graham) — ABC: (Goldenson) — NBC: (Sarnoff) — CBS: (Paley (Paloff)) — controlled the public perception of reality — totally ! Nixon was defenseless. Their official fairy tale of Watergate — which is why all subsequent political scandals carry the suffix “gate” — holds that two young crusading reporters from The Washington Post, Carl Bernstein & Bob Woodward – supplied with information by an anonymous source called “Deep Throat” — took down an evil, duplicitous scoundrel of a president for the good of the country. The real story is something different.

This book review of the latest Nixon book raises a question that many other “historians” have pondered, specifically: Why has Nixon’s name not at all been rehabilitated by the passage of time?

From the article:

“Yet for a spell in the late 20th century, some commentators and a few historians imagined that this dark stain on our democracy would quickly fade away. Some of Richard Nixon’s loyalists predicted that his foreign policy would soon overshadow his lawlessness.

But it never came. No Republican Party convention ever invited him to speak. Retrospective rankings of our chief executives always placed him low.”

It’s no mystery to us. We have our own ideas about the reason why the Nixon name must remain forever tarnished, and it’s something much deeper than libtards simply not liking him.

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The famed Watergate Hotel where a minor “burglary” took place.
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Nasty Yenta Katherine Meyer and her hit-men reporters, Carl Bernstein & Bob Woodward).
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Nixon resigns before a stunned TV audience. He was an imperfect and ambitious man who had his flaws — but he was never one of “them” and might have done some great things in his second term.

THE TRUTH ABOUT “WATERGATE”

  • 1948: As a young Congressman (R-CA), Nixon co-sponsored a “Mundt-Nixon Bill” to address the crisis of internal communist subversion. The bill provided for registration of all Communist Party members and required the monitoring of “printed and broadcast material issued by Communist-front organizations.” The bill passed the House, but died in the Senate.
  • 1949-1950: Nixon served on the anti-Communist House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC). In that capacity, he played a part in exposing the communist traitor and Soviet agent Alger Hiss — who would be convicted of perjury in 1950. Nixon relished his role in the exposure and earned the ever-lasting animosity of the Establishment Left for it. Harvard boy Hiss was one of theirs, and people like Eleanor Roosevelt never forgave Nixon for serving on HUAC.
  • 1950: Nixon easily won a seat in the US Senate after suggesting that his ultra-liberal Democrat opponent, Helen Gahagan Douglas, might be a communist. Eleanor Roosevelt was again incensed, and continued to trash Nixon for this for many years to come. Once in the Senate, Nixon supported the efforts of the great Joseph McCarthy.
  • 1952: In order to bolster his anti-communist / conservative credentials among Republicans, the Leftist traitor and all-of-a-sudden “Republican” Dwight D. Eisenhower selected Nixon as his Vice Presidential running mate. Two months after having stolen the Republican nomination from Ohio Senator Robert Taft (a true conservative patriot), Eisenhower, who was certain to defeat the Democrat Adlai Stevenson in the general election, left Nixon twisting in the wind as the Fake News accused Nixon of inappropriate use of campaign funds. (((They))) wanted Nixon off the ticket. His place now in doubt, Nixon delivered a TV address in which he defended himself, attacked his opponents, and urged the audience to contact the Republican National Committee (RNC) to keep him on the ticket. During the speech, Nixon cleverly and cutely stated that he intended to keep a black-and-white dog that was gifted to him, and his children had named Checkers. This speech became known as “The Checkers Speech,” and it saved him — no thanks to Eisenhower!
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Nixon the ambitious anti-communist showman holding newspaper telling of the conviction of communist Alger Hiss, which he helped to bring about.
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The “Checkers Speech” — Nixon, citing his new dog, takes to the airwaves to beg Republican voters to keep him on the Eisenhower ticket.
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Eisenhower, that FDR-loving butcher of German prisoners, never truly supported Nixon — but needed his anti-communist credentials in order to cover up the Marxist stench.
  • 1953 – 1961: Nixon, though basically a conservative and a patriot, was always an ambitious politician first. He faithfully served the Globalist bastard Eisenhower — even helping to clip Joe McCarthy‘s wings when called upon to do so — until he himself could run for the White House.
  • 1960: Nixon ran for president and lost a very close election to John F Kennedy.
  • 1968: Nixon was elected president, with “far right” Spirow Agnew (R-MD) as Vice President. Both men — we only know now but the all-knowing “usual suspects” surely must have known back then — held “anti-Semitic”  views. (here) and (here)
  • 1972: Nixon & Agnew were re-elected in a historic landslide — winning 49 out of 50 states!
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Nixon vs JFK: Election 1960: As Senators, Nixon and JFK had both supported Joe McCarthy and were never really part of “The Establishment.” They would both become American presidents, and both be removed. JFK by murder, and Nixon by “scandal.” 
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Election 1968: Nixon’s VP, Spiro Agnew, was a rock-solid conservative not afraid to fight. 
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Election 1972: The secretly “anti-Semitic” Nixon & Agnew won EVERYTHING except libtarded Taxxachussetts and mostly Black District of Colombia. Nixon would have had a lot of power and would probably have ended “The Cold War” in Term 2.
  • October 1973: Vice President Agnew was forced to resign over a fake “tax evasion” scandal hyped up by the Fake News. Globalist / Trilateralist , JFK assassination cover-upper Congressman Gerald Ford of Michigan was then forced upon Nixon as new Vice President.
  • August 1974: Nixon resigned. The Watergate “scandal” over a low level “burglary” was nothing more than a “Deep State” coup — led by Katherine Meyer Graham‘s Washington Post — not unlike what we are witnessing today in the effort to remove Trump. Nixon’s resignation elevated Rockefeller puppet Gerald Ford to the presidency.
  • November 1974: “The Watergate Babies” — A whole bunch of Bolshevik Democrats won House seats due to a backlash caused by the Fake News and their manufactured “scandal.” America’s political landscape was fundamentally altered by the influx of these Marxists.
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Deep State & Fake News take out VP Agnew
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Deep State & Fake News take out Nixon.
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The damage done to the Republican brand ushered in the Democrat “Watergate Babies” of 1974.
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Young hippy trash Killary Rodham worked for Watergate Judiciary Committee until being fired for unethical behavior.

ACTUAL QUOTES

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Young hippy trash Killary Rodham worked for Watergate Judiciary Committee until being fired for unethical behavior.
  • December 1974: Globalist Ford chose “Republican” Nelson Rockefeller to be his Vice President. Rockefeller had been Governor of New York State and was known for his presidential ambitions. The problem for Rockefeller was that heartland Republicans hated him — and had already rejected him in 1964.
  • September 5, 1975: Lynette “Squeaky” Fromme, a member of the Charles Manson cult, pointed a handgun at Ford and pulled the trigger at point-blank range. As she did, a Secret Service agent grabbed the gun. Fromme was arrested and served 34 years in prison. Nelson Rockefeller came that close to becoming president.
  • September 22, 1975: As Ford left a hotel in San Francisco, another mind-controlled assassin, Sara Jane Moore, fired a handgun at the president — missing him only by a few feet. As she fired a second round, a retired Marine grabbed at the gun and deflected her shot. The second bullet struck a wall just six inches above Ford’s head, then ricocheted and wounded a taxi driver. Moore served 32 years in prison. Once again, over the span of just three weeks, Globalist Golden Boy Nelson Rockefeller came within inches of becoming the 39th president of the United States. How convenient that would have been, eh? It is interesting to note that when Ford ran for president against Jimmy Carter in 1976, he dumped Nelson Rockefeller!

And that, dear reader, is the real story behind the back-to-back “scandals” which took out VP Agnew first — and then President Nixon one year later.

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Nelson Rockefeller wanted the presidency.
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President Ford, though a loyal Globalist soldier, was expendable. Two very close assassination attempts on him, just 17 days apart, could easily have put Rockefeller into the office which Nixon had held just 1 year earlier.
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Nixon letter to Donald Trump (1987): “… whenever you decide to run for office, you will be a winner!” 
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Nixon and Trump all chummy at a 1980’s black-tie event. 
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CIA rats Woodward & Bernstein were dragged out of mothballs to help ignite another coup — this time against Trump. But this time around, the old media magic was gone. Most people under 55 don’t even remember the role that these two wicked has-beens played in Watergate.

The Sad Truth About “Memorial Day”

As we all know, Memorial Day is a federal holiday in the United States for remembering the men (and many women now too!) who died while serving in America’s armed forces. The holiday, which is observed on the last Monday of May, originated after the U.S. Civil War, in 1868 as Decoration Day.

Families of the Northern dead would decorate the graves of their kinfolk with flags and flowers. By 1900, competing Union and Confederate holiday traditions, celebrated on different days, had merged into a single Memorial Day, which was eventually extended to honor all Americans who died in military service. Since World War II, the stupid cliche of “thank our veterans for our freedom” was unofficially attached to the day. Of course, Americans haven’t died in defense of freedom since the War of 1812.

So, this Memorial Day, with all due respect to the veterans who died under false pretenses, let us dispense with all this “thank you for our freedom” bullshit and declare a more historically accurate “gratitude” to the deserving parties.

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1 & 2. Sorry to rain on your Memorial Day Parade, pops — but with all respect and affection, you and your buddies got played for chumps.
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The last American battle truly fought for the cause of freedom and independence was  The Battle of New Orleans, won  by General Andrew Jackson in 1815.

1898: Thank you Globalists for the gift of the Spanish-American War in which 2,450 Americans were killed so that the New World Order gang could establish a presence in the Asian Pacific (Philippines & Guam).

1898-1913: Thank you Globalists for the gift of the Philippines War in which 4,200 American were killed so that the Filipinos, to whom you promised independence in exchange for rising up against Spain, could be kept under control.

1900-1901: Thank you Globalists for the Boxer Rebellion in which 131 Americans were killed so that the Chinese could be kept in line.

1917-1918: Thank you Globalists and Zionists for World War I in which 120,000 Americans were killed so that the first steps of world government could be taken in Europe (League of Nations) and Palestine could be stolen from the Turks and their Arab subjects.

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Spanish-American War 
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Philippines War 
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World War I

1941-1945: Thank you Globalists and Zionists for World War II in which 410,000 Americans were killed so that Germany and Japan could be enslaved to the New World Order, and Britain eventually forced to turn over most of Palestine to the Jews.

1950-1953: Thank you Globalists for the Korean War in which 36,000 Americans were killed in a rigged no-win war designed to maintain a permanent trip-wire between the two Koreas.

1965-1975: Thank you Globalists for the Vietnam War in which 58,000 Americans were killed in another rigged no-win war designed to drain and destabilize America.

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World War II 
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Korean War 
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Vietnam War

1982-1984: Thank you Globalists and Zionists for the Beirut Deployment in which 266 Americans were killed in a false-flag attack staged by Israel and blamed on “terrorists.”

1990-1991: Thank you Globalists and Zionists for the Gulf War in which 300 Americans were killed so that the rising power of politically independent Iraq could be weakened.

2001-2011: Thank you Globalists and Zionists for the War on Terror in which 7000 Americans were killed in Afghanistan and Iraq as part of a multi-trillion dollar farce kicked-off after the false-flag terror attacks of September 11, 2001.

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Beirut 
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 Iraq
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Afghanistan

“They died to keep us free,” really?

Heavily indebted & abusively overtaxed Americans enjoying their mandatory “freedom” (from germs) during the lock-down of the Stupid-19 scamdemic.

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Mandatory masks — 6-feet long “social distancing” pool noodles attached to hats — Arrested for surfing during Stupid-19 “crisis.
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More mandatory “freedom” (from  make-believe “terrorists”) at the airport. — TSA airport goons get to harass us and steal from our luggage — with total impunity and immunity!
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We can best honor our dead veterans by exposing the “who” and the “why” behind both their tragic and premature deaths — and our actual enslavement imposed under the guise of “security.”

1868 – A Holiday Blooms: Decoration Day, later called Memorial Day, is first observed

Every May, Americans anticipate the unofficial start of summer with the three-day Memorial Day weekend. However, they might be surprised to know that the holiday started not as a national day of remembrance, but as a local commemoration.



The beloved yet somber holiday traces its roots all the way back to the Civil War. Originally called Decoration Day, it honored those who had given their lives defending the United States in times of war. The name Decoration Day refers to the tradition of using flowers to embellish tombstones, and the holiday takes place in late May because that’s when flowers come into bloom.



Macon, Georgia; Waterloo, New York; Richmond, Virginia; Carbondale, Ilinois; and Boalsburg, Pennsylvania, all claim to have held the first Decoration Day in 1866.

However, there’s evidence that the event may have started a year earlier on May 1, 1865, in Charleston, South Carolina. Local Black residents who had been liberated at the end of the Civil War exhumed Union soldiers from a mass grave and gave the bodies proper burials to honor their sacrifice. Then they decorated the grave markers with flowers.

On May 30, 1868, the Grand Army of the Republic proclaimed the first “official” Decoration Day at Arlington National Cemetery in Virginia. Congressman — and later President — James Garfield presided over the program. In 1971, Congress declared it a national holiday, to be observed annually on the last Monday in May.



While most people think Memorial Day honors all veterans, it’s meant to honor only those who died in war defending our country. Today, widespread celebrations include fireworks displays, air shows, and barbecue get-togethers, but placing flowers on graves remains a treasured part of the tradition.