The great and the good of the “intelligentsia” assure us that all “educated” people accept Charles Darwin’s ‘Theory of Evolution” (bow your head in solemn reverence as you utter that phrase) as an indisputable fact of “settled science” that is “not open for debate.” Of course, the superstitious “straw-men” bible-thumpers portrayed in the propaganda film Inherit the Wind may have a hard time accepting it; but even the slightest doubt can never be tolerated within the elite confines of the academic cool-kids club. Woodrow Wilson Warmonger of World War I fame, a former pointy-headed Princeton professor himself, put it this way:
“Of course, like every other man of intelligence and education I do believe in organic evolution. It surprises me that at this late date such questions should be raised.”
And yet, neither Darwin, nor Wilson, nor the Communist ACLU Attorney Clarence Darrow (indirectly portrayed by Spencer Tracy), nor any other “scientist” (bow your head in solemn reverence when you say that word) has ever adequately addressed the gaping holes of Darwin’s Dogma. The best rebuttal the “smart people” can muster consists of scorn, ridicule, charges of “stupidity” and even government force — but never any true scientific or philosophical substance.
Many of these holes are blown wide-open in the book: “God vs Darwin: The Logical Supremacy of Intelligent Design Creationism”(by yours truly). But for this particular piece, let us focus on what is perhaps the single biggest flaw of all regarding trans-species “Evolution” – which should not be confused with minor variations / adaptations of existing characteristics already present in a gene pool (Darwin’s finches, peppered moths, stickleback fish, “super rats” etc.) We refer to this gaping hole as the “complex integration” of multiple parts that is found in all living organisms (even “simple” single-cell bacteria).
Darwin and his deluded devotees maintain that tiny “imperceptible” and “innumerable” blind and random mutations, favored by environmental circumstances, added up over very long periods of time to the point that an evolved species (such as we humans) became unrecognizable from our direct lineal “ancestors” (single-cell oceanic bacteria — to fishlike creatures — to amphibians — to apelike creatures etc). Apart from the obvious fact that none of these transitions from “million and millions” of years ago (that’s the smokescreen) were observable, how do the Evolutionists explain away the “complex integration” of our body parts? One part of any given creature could not have blindly “evolved” without so many other parts coming into existence at the exact same moment in time. And each of those parts needed other parts to already be in place and so on. How can hundreds or even thousands of complex parts — functioning in sync with one another in a scientific symphony in which each component can only function if all the others are functional — have “blindly” appeared — without intelligent engineering — one piece-of-the-puzzle at a time, over “millions of years?”
To better illustrate this problem, let’s have a closer look at the integration of the digestive system. — To start the digestive process, we need an oral cavity — that is, a mouth to put the food in. The mouth needs teeth, both upper & lower sets, deeply anchored into our gums, which are attached to a jaw-bone, which is attached to a skull which is etc., etc., etc., Without all of this in place at the same time, the first step of the digestive process comes to a halt. But our gums and 32 perfectly-matching teeth alone, which come in different shapes and sizes for certain functions, won’t ensure survival. We still need saliva to begin the breaking down of the food, as well as the preservation of our teeth and the gums which hold them. And we also need mucous producing cells in the mouth to help form the saliva mix.
Remove any of those elements (oral cavity, teeth (upper & lower), gums, jaw-bone, salivary glands, mucous) and humans (and many other animals) never make it out of the box. Each of the elements is part of an integrated system in which one element cannot function, and serves no purpose, without all of the others already in place. Then of course there is the tongue – a complex multi-faceted organ in its own right, which is vital for chewing and swallowing food. In the back of the mouth, the tongue is anchored into the hyoid bone – which itself is anchored by various muscles and ligaments. Once swallowed, the pre-digested food passes through the pharynx (part of the throat) — which is lined by more essential membranes and muscles – and moves down to the esophagus (food pipe).
Let’s review the pre-digestion process: oral cavity, teeth (upper & lower), gums, jaw bone, skull, saliva, mucous, tongue, hyoid bone, muscles, ligaments, pharynx, membranes, muscles, and esophagus. That’s 15 systems in all, each of them also highly complex, and each of them integrated with the other systems. Remove just one, and there can be no digestive system and hence, no species. Therefore, the elements of this grand orchestra had to have come into play at the same time – which implies, no, proves deliberate design. But we’re just getting started.
Moving right along, gravity and contraction (more muscles) push the mix into the stomach where digestive enzymes really begin to break down the food. To block these powerful enzymes from literally “eating” the stomach itself, membranes called gastric mucosa produce a protective coating of mucous which lines the stomach. How genius is that? On to the duodenum — the first section of the small intestine which leads to the large intestine. Along the journey there are more enzymes produced by the pancreas. Then it is down to the colon, (there is an ascending colon, a descending colon and a sigmoid colon) rectum, anal canal and out the anus — where Darwin’s stinky work-of-fiction truly belongs. Assisting the expulsion of bodily waste is the diaphragm — a sheet of internal skeletal muscle made up of no fewer than a dozen different parts. Though it is mainly part of the respiratory system, the diaphragm also generates the pressure needed for waste disposal.
Key contributions to the process are also rendered by the liver, the gall bladder, the spleen, the cecum, and many more muscles and many more glands too numerous to name. And holding those muscles in place are a complex system of more ligaments fastened to more bones which are fastened to other bones etc. etc. etc. As for the liquids that we ingest, that speaks to a whole other complex integrated system of complex integrated systems involving kidneys, renal arteries, renal veins, urinary tracts, collecting ducts, bladder, pelvis etc. Of course, all of this digestion is pointless without blood-flow to carry the food’s nutrients throughout the body – which means that even more complex systems had to have been be put in place at the same time: blood, veins, arteries, capillaries. But the nutrient-carrying blood can’t flow through the vascular system without a pump and an oxidation system already in place, right? You need a set of heart & lungs which are the basis of the cardio-pulmonary system — an incredibly complex integrated structure made up of countless essential components such as the — (well, you get the point — we can go on forever with this –)
So, let’s take it from the top, boys and girls. All of the following complex elements must come into place at the same time in order for digestion to work: oral cavity, teeth, gums, jaw-bone, skull, saliva, mucous, tongue, hyoid bone, muscles, ligaments, pharynx, membranes, more muscles, and esophagus, more muscles, stomach, digestive enzymes, gastric mucosa, duodenum, small intestine, large intestine, more enzymes, pancreas, ascending colon, descending colon, sigmoid colon, rectum, anal canal, anus, diaphragm, liver, gall bladder, spleen, cecum, more muscles, more glands, more ligaments, more bones, kidneys, renal arteries, renal veins, urinary tracts, collecting ducts, bladder, pelvis, blood, veins, arteries, many millions of capillaries (10 billion capillaries in human body), cardio-pulmonary system, a bunch of other integrated items and systems too numerous to list here and a partridge in a pear tree!
This mind-boggling complexity, — which cannot be reduced by even a single element lest the entire organism ceases to exist — becomes even more integrated and more complicated when studied on a molecular level — the complex “4-digit” DNA “computer coding” behind it all. The mere suggestion of these integrated systems blindly “evolving,” one component at a time, independent of one another, in an “imperceptible” manner over millions of years is absurd on its face. As a matter of fact, St. Charles Darwin himself, in a pathetically futile effort to explain away the “problem” that integrated parts posed for his theory, admitted that his idea sounded “absurd in the highest degree.”
From his Origin of the Species:
“To suppose that the eye with all its inimitable contrivances for adjusting the focus to different distances, for admitting different amounts of light, and for the correction of spherical and chromatic aberration, could have been formed by natural selection, seems, I freely confess, absurd in the highest degree.”
After objecting to his own theory (so that he can control the debate), Darwin proceeds, in the very next paragraph, to lamely explain away the “absurdity” of attributing the integrated complexity of the eye to random evolution. But his “solution” to the problem amounts to nothing but a diversionary debating trick.
“When it was first said that the sun stood still and the world turned round, the common sense of mankind declared the doctrine false; but the old saying of Vox populi, vox Dei, as every philosopher knows, cannot be trusted in science.”
Darwin is using an old lawyer’s trick here. He states the objection, then casually explains it away by using a bizarre and totally irrelevant analogy to astronomy, before suggesting, without evidence, that perhaps the individual elements of the eye served some purpose before the others “evolved.” He also adds a theatrical touch of Latin mumbo-jumbo to impress the easily-impressed. We’re not talking about the sun and the earth and “Vox populi,” Chuckie! The subject here is your admittedly “absurd”-sounding claim that the integrated complexity of organisms and body parts came about blindly, randomly, and one element at a time without any intelligence involved. Explain it for us!
“Reason tells me, that if numerous gradations from a simple and imperfect eye to one complex and perfect can be shown to exist, each grade being useful to its possessor, as is certainly the case; if further, the eye ever varies and the variations be inherited, as is likewise certainly the case; and if such variations should be useful to any animal under changing conditions of life, then the difficulty of believing that a perfect and complex eye could be formed by natural selection, though insuperable by our imagination, should not be considered as subversive of the theory.”
More slick sophistry, silly semantics and weasel words — An “if”, followed by another “if,” then a “can be,” then an “if further,” then a “should be,” and a “could be,” then a “though,” and finally a “should not be.” If elephants could fly — If I could live forever — If dogs could speak. If, maybe, perhaps, and, though, coulda, woulda, shoulda, mighta, but, but but, if, if, if… This then is what the academic cool-kids club refers to as “science?” This non-observable and wild speculation about “numerous gradations” of the eye’s integrated components amounts to pure rhetorical manipulation — not true science. Read it again closely. Darwin totally dodges the question and explains NOTHING to solve the mystery of complex integration — a mind-boggling phenomenon that is observable in all living creatures and even “simple” single-cell organisms.
As it is with the many essential integrated systems of an automobile — each one absolutely necessary for the car as a whole to function — (engine, transmission, wheels, axle, spark plugs, gas tank, battery, hoses, belts, ignition, alternator, steering wheel, gear shift, accelerator, carburetor, braking system, drive shaft, oil, coolant / anti-freeze, transmission fluid, containers for fluid, radiator, chassis, pistons, nuts, bolts, welded parts, etc.) — only the existence of an eternal, designing force without origin, permeating and communicating through every living cell of existence, possessed of freakish intelligence and power, and far beyond our lowly human “pay grade” to ever fully comprehend, can adequately explain the complex integration of multiple systems that neither Darwin nor his sci-fi cult of diploma-decorated d*ck-heads have ever been able to, and never will be.