Fossil Suggests The Great Pyramids And The Sphinx Were Once Submerged Under Water

Apparently the entire landscape of the Giza Necropolis, including the Pyramids and the Sphinx, display signs of erosion. This has led researchers to suggest that certain areas of this mighty necropolis were once submerged under the sea and a newly discovered fossil makes this theory look a lot more believable. A pretty cool theory right? Well here is the story.

fossil suggests the great pyramids and the sphinx were once submerged under water

Archaeologist Sherif El Morsi, who has worked extensively on the Giza plateau for over two decades, and his colleague Antoine Gigal, were the ones who made the discovery of this controversial fossil, which backs up studies and theories that the Pyramids of Giza and the mighty Sphinx were once submerged under the sea. Sherif El Morsi and Antoine Gigal are the founders of “Giza for Humanity.”

Dr. Robert M. Schoch was one of the first researchers to really address the theory that the structures of the plateau are much older than previously thought.

In the early 90’s, Dr. Schoch suggested that the Sphinx was thousands of years older than archaeologists believed, dating back to 5000-9000 BC, this suggestion was based on erosion pattern of water found at the monuments and the surrounding rocks.

Multiple Researchers: Great Pyramid And Sphinx Are MUCH Older Than Previously Thought.the western wall of the sphinx enclosure, showing erosion consistently along its length

The western wall of the Sphinx enclosure, showing erosion consistently along its length. Courtesy and copyright of Colin Reader.

Archaeologist Sherif El Morsi has been researching and looking into the mystery ever since. During one of the photo shoots documenting patterns of erosion of several megaliths in the area, he made an even more surprising discovery that suggests that the entire area was submerged at one moment.

“During one of the documentations of the ancient coastline, I almost tripped with a block of the second level of a temple,” said Mr. Morsi in an article published on the website Gigal Research.

“To my surprise, the bump on the top surface of the block that almost tripped me was in fact a exoskeleton of a fossil of what appears to be a echinoid (sea urchin) which are marine creatures that live in relatively shallow waters.”

Sherif El Morsi suggests that the Giza plateau was once flooded by a surge. The temple site of Menkare, in particular, may have been a former lagoon when the sea level covered the Necropolis, the Sphinx, the complex of temples and other monuments of the area.

But there are several other theories which different scientists have suggested. Some researchers believe that the echinoid found on the limestone was actually exposed by erosion and the fossilized creature was part of the original limestone that had formed 30 million years ago.

But Morsi responded to these claims in a interesting way, and suggested that the creature was cemented, or petrified, in a relatively recent time, citing evidence that the creature was found placed gravitationally on the floor, that the fossil was in almost perfect condition and was located within the intertidal range of the lagoon, which is a big contrast to the small fish typically found in limestone blocks.fossil suggests the great pyramids and the sphinx were once submerged under water

Image Credit: GigalResearch.com

“We can clearly see the pristine condition and the details of the perforations of the exoskeleton, this means that the sea creature must have been petrified in recent times.” – Sherif El Morsi

According to El Morsi, the flooding, was quite significant, peaking at about 75 meters above current sea level and creating a coastline spanning to the Khafra enclosure near the Sphinx at the temple of Menkare.

El Morsi also believes that there is evidence present at the monuments and surrounding blocks that suggest the presence of tidal waves in the past and even suggest an intertidal zone of about two meters.

The Sphinx, the temple of the Sphinx, and the first 20 fields of the Great Pyramid of Giza exhibit erosion due to deep water saturation according to El Morsi.

Dating the exact time of the flood is particularly difficult for researchers since, in the last 140,000 thousand years, sea levels have fluctuated by over 120 meters.

Certainly, this is a very interesting theory and we look forward to finding out more about the possibility of the Giza Plateau being submerged under water.

Reference: Ancient-Code.com

Scientists: Geological Evidence Shows The Sphinx Could Be 800,000 Years Old

One of the most mysterious and enigmatic monuments on the surface of the planet is without a doubt the Great Sphinx at the Giza plateau in Egypt. It is an ancient construction that has baffled researchers ever since its discovery and until today, no one has been able to accurately date the Sphinx, since there are no written records or mentions in the past about it.

Now, two Ukrainian researchers have proposed a new provocative theory where the two scientists propose that the Great Sphinx of Egypt is around 800,000 years old. A revolutionary theory that is backed up by science.

The study was presented at the International Conference of Geoarchaeology and Archaeomineralogy held in Sofia titled: GEOLOGICAL ASPECT OF THE PROBLEM OF DATING THE GREAT EGYPTIAN SPHINX CONSTRUCTION.

The authors of this paper are scientists Manichev Vjacheslav I. (Institute of Environmental Geochemistry of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine) and Alexander G. Parkhomenko (Institute of Geography of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine).

The starting point of these two experts is the paradigm shift initiated by West and Schoch, a ‘debate’ intended to overcome the orthodox view of Egyptology referring to the possible remote origins of the Egyptian civilization and, on the other, physical evidence of water erosion present at the monuments of the Giza Plateau.

According to Manichev and Parkhomenko:

“The problem of dating the Great Egyptian Sphinx construction is still valid, despite of the long-term history of its research. Geological approach in connection to other scientific-natural methods permits to answer the question about the relative age of the Sphinx. The conducted visual investigation of the Sphinx allowed the conclusion about the important role of water from large water bodies which partially flooded the monument with formation of wave-cut hollows on its vertical walls.”

“The morphology of these formations has an analogy with similar such hollows formed by the sea in the coastal zones. Genetic resemblance of the compared erosion forms and the geological structure and petrographic composition of sedimentary rock complexes lead to a conclusion that the decisive factor of destruction of the historic monument is the wave energy rather than sand abrasion in Eolian process.

“Voluminous geological literature confirms the fact of existence of long-living fresh-water lakes in various periods of the Quaternary from the Lower Pleistocene to the Holocene. These lakes were distributed in the territories adjacent to the Nile. The absolute mark of the upper large erosion hollow of the Sphinx corresponds to the level of water surface which took place in the Early Pleistocene. The Great Egyptian Sphinx had already stood on the Giza Plateau by that geological (historical) time.”

A strong argument was made by Ukrainian scientists in regards of the Sphinx, arguments based upon geological studies which support Schoch’s view regarding the Sphinx and its age.

Manichev and Parkhomenko focus on the deteriorated aspect of the body of the Sphinx, leaving aside the erosive features where the Sphinx is located, which had been studied previously by Schoch. Ukrainian scholars focused on the undulating terrain of the Sphinx which displays the mysterious pattern.

Mainstream scientists offer explanations for this sharp feature and state that it is based on the abrasive effect of the wind and sand, the undulations were formed because the harder layers of rock are better at withstanding the erosions while the softer layers would have been more affected, forming voids.

However, as noted Manichev and Parkhomenko, this argument does not explain why the front of the head of the Sphinx lacks such features.

In regards to the argument made by Schoch about the heavy rain period which occurred around 13,000 BC, the Ukrainian scientists recognized Schoch hypothesis partially suggesting that the erosive features of the Sphinx go further back than 13.000 BC.

Manichev and Parkhomenko argue is that the mountainous and coastal areas of the Caucasus and Crimea, which they know well, have a type of wind erosion that differs morphologically to the erosive features noted on the Sphinx.

Essentially, they argue that such wind erosion has a very soft effect, regardless of the geological composition of the rocks.the western wall of the sphinx enclosure, showing erosion consistently along its length

The western wall of the Sphinx enclosure, showing erosion consistently along its length. Courtesy and copyright of Colin Reader.

“In our geological field expeditions in different mountains and littoral zones of the Crimea and Caucasus we could often observe the forms of Eolian weathering which morphology differs considerably from the weathering taking place on the GES. Most natural forms of weathering are of smoothed character, independent of lithological composition of the rocks.”

They continue further and explain:

“Our personal experience in scientific investigation of geology of the sea coasts gives reasons to draw an analogy with the GES and to suggest another mechanism of its destruction. Specialists-geologists, who work in the field of sea-coast geomorphology, know such forms of relief as wave-cut hollows (Morskaya Geomorfologiya, 1980). They can be one- and multi-storey. They are arranged horizontally to the sea water surface, if the coast makes a vertical wall (cliff).

“Especially deep wave-cut hollows are formed in precipitous cliffs built by the strata of carbonaceous rocks. Such forms of the coast relief are well-known and studied in detail on the Black-Sea coast of the Caucasus and Crimea (Popov, 1953; Zenkovich, 1960). General model of formation of the wave-cut hollows in the rocks of the Caucasian flysch is given by Popov (1953, 162; Fig. 3). In dynamics of the process of wave-cut hollows formation one can notice such a characteristic feature that the wave energy is directed to the rock stratum at the level of water surface. Besides, both saline and fresh water can dissolve the rocks.”

Manichev and Parkhomenko propose a new natural mechanism that may explain the undulations and mysterious features of the Sphinx. This mechanism is the impact of waves on the rocks of the coast.

Basically, this could produce, in a period of thousands of years the formation of one or more layers of ripples, a fact that is clearly visible, for example, on the shores of the Black Sea. This process, which acts horizontally (that is, when the waves hit the rock up to the surface), will produce a wear or dissolution of the rock.

The fact is that the observation of these cavities in the Great Sphinx made the Ukranian scientists think that this great monument could have been affected by above said process in the context of immersion in large bodies of water, not the regular flooding of the Nile.

Manichev and Parkhomenko suggest that the geological composition of the body of the Sphinx is a sequence of layers composed of limestone with small interlayers of clays.

Manichev and Parkhomenko explain that these rocks possess different degree of resistance to the water effect and say that if the hollows formation were due to sand abrasion only, the hollows had to correspond to the strata of a certain lithological composition.

They suggest that the Great Sphinx hollows are formed in fact within several strata, or occupy some part of the stratum of homogeneous composition.the back of the great sphinx of egypt

the back of the great sphinx of egypt

Manichev and Parkhomenko firmly believe that the Sphinx had to be submerged for a long time under water and, to support this hypothesis, they point towards existing literature of geological studies of the Giza Plateau.

According to these studies at the end of the Pliocene geologic period (between 5.2 and 1.6 million years ago), sea water entered the Nile valley and gradually creating flooding in the area. This led to formation of lacustrine deposits which are at the mark of 180 m above the present level of the Mediterranean Sea.

According to Manichev and Parkhomenko, it is the sea level during the Calabrian phase which is the closest to the present mark with the highest GES hollow at its level. High level of sea water also caused the Nile overflowing and created long-living water-bodies. As to time it corresponds to 800000 years.

What we have here is evidence which contradicts the conventional theory of deterioration caused by Sand and Water, a theory already criticized by West and Schoch, who recalled that during many centuries, the body of the Sphinx was buried by the sands of the desert, so Wind and Sand erosion would not have done any damage to the enigmatic Sphinx.

However, where Schoch clearly saw the action of streams of water caused by continuous rains, Ukrainian geologists see the effect of erosion caused by the direct contact of the waters of the lakes formed in the Pleistocene on the body Sphinx. This means that the Great Sphinx of Egypt is one of the oldest monuments on the surface of the Earth, pushing back drastically the origin of mankind and civilization.

Some might say that the theory proposed by Manichev and Parkhomenko is very extreme because it places the Great Sphinx in an era where there were no humans, according to currently accepted evolutionary patterns.

Furthermore, as it has been demonstrated, the two megalithic temples, located adjacent to the Great Sphinx were built by the same stone which means that the new dating of the Sphinx drags these monuments with the Sphinx back 800,000 years.

In other words, this means that ancient civilizations inhabited our planet much longer than mainstream scientists are willing to accept.

Source: Ancient-Code.com / Reference: Geoarchaeology and Archaeomineralogy (Eds. R. I. Kostov, B. Gaydarska, M. Gurova). 2008. Proceedings of the International Conference, 29-30 October 2008 Sofia, Publishing House “St. Ivan Rilski”, Sofia, 308-311.

Experts Claim There Is A Lost, Underground ‘City’ Beneath The Pyramids Of Giza

There is an incredible ‘Lost’ underground city located beneath the Pyramids of Giza, and despite the fact that only a few know about it today, it was extremely well documented in the past.city underneath pyramids

Despite the fact that only a few know about it today, the vast underground city was extremely well documented in the past.

The mysterious Giza Plateau is even more mind-boggling once you realize the ancient city of Memphis (modern-day Giza) is filled with subterranean passageways, shafts, a cavern system and chambers which hold in their walls, thousands of years worth of history together with countless artifacts.

However, Egyptian authorities are not willing to reveal what is found beneath Giza to the general public, like many other discoveries made throughout the years in Egypt.

There is a lost history completely ignored by mainstream scholars when it comes to the Ancient Egyptian Civilization and the enigmatic Pyramids which according to many predate the Egyptian Civilization itself.

In order to comprehend to the full extent the partial pieces of history we have been taught in school, we must understand that countless discoveries on our planet have been completely ignored by mainstream scholars.

One of those discoveries took place in Egypt, where a massive subterranean tunnel system with chambers and rooms was discovered below the surface of the Pyramid Plateau.

A genuine history of what happened beneath the sands thousands of years ago is not present in mainstream teachings of our civilizations past, and reflection of that are the countless discoveries made in the last decades which clearly indicate, history as we know it is only partial.

In order to understand the enigmatic underground ‘city’ located beneath the Giza Plateau, we venture out the Fayum Oasis district located a few miles outside the Memphis Nome. It is noteworthy to mention that in the past, Lake Moeris bordered the Fayum Oasis and just at its shores was the enigmatic Labyrinth described by Herodotus as “an endless wonder to me.”

It is said that the mysterious ‘Labyrinth’ of impressive size, contained up to 1500 rooms and an equal amount of subterranean chambers which the Greek philosopher was not permitted to inspect.

According to the keepers of the Labyrinth, “the passages were baffling and intricate”, created in order to keep the countless ancient texts and scrolls safe in the many underground chambers.

In fact, this ancient complex impressed Herodotus in such a way that he felt compelled to speak about the mysterious structure:

There I saw twelve palaces regularly disposed, which had communication with each other, interspersed with terraces and arranged around twelve halls. It is hard to believe they are the work of man, The walls are covered with carved figures, and each court is exquisitely built of white marble and surrounded by a colonnade.

Near the corner where the labyrinth ends, there is a pyramid, two hundred and forty feet in height, with great carved figures of animals on it and an underground passage by which it can be entered. I was told very credibly that underground chambers and passages connected this pyramid with the pyramids at Memphis.

In fact, ancient Memphis (Giza) has a humongous underground system that combines a set of intricate man-made passageways and subterranean rivers and tunnels. While these were described thousands of years ago, the gigantic underground cavities were mapped since 1978 using ground penetrating radar thanks to explorations led by Dr. Jim Hurtak, who is said to have entered massive chambers that are larger than the largest cathedrals ever erected by modern man.

However, in addition to the above, he also spoke of the gigantic underground metropolis located beneath the Giza Plateausaid to be at least 15,000 years old.

Interestingly, there are numerous ancient authors who supported Herodotus’ record of underground passages connecting major pyramids. It is important to mention that Iamblichus, also known as Iamblichus Chalcidensis, or Iamblichus of Apamea, a Syrian Neoplatonist philosopher recorded information about an entrance through the body of the Sphinx leading inside the Great Pyramid of Giza:

This entrance obstructed in our day by sands and rubbish, may still be traced between the forelegs of the crouched colossus. It was formerly closed by a bronze gate whose secret spring could be operated only by the Magi.

It was guarded by public respect, and a sort of religious fear maintained its inviolability better than armed protection would have done. In the belly of the Sphinx were cut out galleries leading to the subterranean part of the Great Pyramid.

These galleries were so artfully crisscrossed along their course to the Pyramid that, in setting forth into the passage without a guide throughout this network, one increasingly and inevitably returned to the starting point.

Crantor (300BC) claimed that a set of underground pillars in Egypt contain written stone records of pre-history, Crantor too supported Herodotus’ writings.

However, even more interesting is the fact that written on ancient Sumerian cylinder seals are the records of the Anunnaki and their secret abode, which was described as:

“an underground place… entered through a tunnel, its entrance hidden by sand and by what they call Huwana… his teeth as the teeth of a dragon, his face the face of a lion”.

This extremely ancient texts, fragmented into several pieces also records that “He [Huwana] is unable to move forward, nor is he able to move back” but they crept up on him from behind, and the way to “the secret abode of the Anunnaki” was no longer blocked. (source)

The Ancient Sumerian texts surprisingly provided a relatively good description of the lion-headed Sphinx at Giza, a monument that surely predates the Ancient Egyptian civilizations and was set in place to guard the Pyramids and countless chambers and tunnels located beneath Giza.

However, we find more evidence of vast underground chambers in the writings of first-century Roman historian Pliny, who documented that located beneath the mighty Sphinx there is a concealed “tomb of a ruler named Harmakhis that contains great treasure.” Surprisingly, the Great Sphinx was once called The Great Sphinx Harmakhis who mounted guard since the time of the Followers of Horus.”

The 10th Sumerian Tablet: The Anunnaki Built The Pyramids

Further proof supporting the existence of the subterranean vaults is documented by fourth-century Roman historian Ammianus Marcellinus who documented the existence of passageways that lead to the interior of the Great Pyramid at Giza:

„Inscriptions which the ancients asserted were engraved on the walls of certain underground galleries and passages were constructed deep in the dark interior to preserve ancient wisdom from being lost in the flood.“

More evidence is found in a manuscript documented by Arab writer Altelemsani and preserved in the British Museum. Altelemsani documented the existence of an extensive square underground chamber located below ground,  between the Great Pyramid and the River Nile. Altelemsani wrote there was something enormous blocking the entrance from the River Nile.

Altelemsani wrote:

“…In the days of Ahmed Ben Touloun, a party entered the Great Pyramid through the tunnel and found in a side-chamber a goblet of a glass of rare color and texture. As they were leaving, they missed one of the party and, upon returning to seek him, he came out to them naked and laughing said, “Do not follow or seek for me”, and then rushed back into the pyramid. His friends perceived that he was enchanted.

Upon learning about strange happenings under the Pyramid, Ahmed Ben Touloun expressed a desire to see the goblet of glass. During the examination, it was filled with water and weighed, then emptied and re-weighed. The historian wrote that it was “found to be of the same weight when empty as when full of water.” (source)

Interestingly during the 10th century, a writer by the name of Masoudi claimed that advanced mechanical statues were guardians of the subterranean galleries located under the Great Pyramid of Giza. His description, one thousand years ago can be compared in significance to computerized robots seen today. According to Masoudi, these robots were programmed to destroy all “except those who by their conduct were worthy of admission”.

He wrote: “…written accounts of Wisdom and acquirements in the different arts and sciences were hidden deep, that they might remain as records for the benefit of those who could afterward comprehend them…”.

Masoudi confessed: “…I have seen things that one does not describe for fear of making people doubt one’s intelligence… but still I have seen them…”.

According to Herodotus, ancient Egyptian priests spoke of a long-held tradition of the creation of underground chambers by the original builders of ancient Memphis. Interestingly, these stories were confirmed when large cavities were discovered during a survey conducted at Giza in 1993.

Reports supporting the existence of vast chambers was documented by a newspaper report called  “Mystery Tunnel in Sphinx“:

“Workers repairing the ailing Sphinx have discovered an ancient passage leading deep into the body of the mysterious monument. The Giza Antiquities chief, Mr. Zahi Hawass, said there was no dispute the tunnel was very old. However, what is puzzling is: who built the passage? Why? Moreover, where does it lead…? Mr. Hawass said he had no plans to remove the stones blocking the entrance. The secret tunnel burrows into the northern side of the Sphinx, about halfway between the Sphinx’s outstretched paws and its tail.” (source)

In 1935, incredible stories emerged after a decade-long clearing project took place. An article published the same year by Hamilton M. Wright described the existence of the areas under Giza. This information, like many other discoveries, are still denied by Egyptian authorities despite extensive evidence proving their existence.

The article read: “…We have discovered a subway used by the ancient Egyptians of 5000 years ago. It passes beneath the causeway leading between the second Pyramid and the Sphinx. It provides a means of passing under the causeway from the Cheops Pyramid to the Pyramid of Chephren [Khephren]. From this subway, we have unearthed a series of shafts leading down more than 125 feet, with roomy courts and side chambers…”. (source)

The existence of the extensive underground chambers az Giza is extremely well documented, even though a few people around the world know of its existence. Media reports in the 1930’s described subterranean chambers and passageways located between the Temple of the ‘Solar-men’ located on the plateau and the temple of the Sphinx in the Giza Valley.

Located in the middle between the Great Sphinx and the Great Pyramid, four enormous vertical shafts, each approximately eight feet square, leading into inner chambers through solid limestone were also discovered.at the time of herodotus visit, there were two large pyramids with colossal seated figures on top in the center of lake moeris

At the time of Herodotus visit, there were two large pyramids with colossal seated figures on top in the center of Lake Moeris. This is a pre-1851 engraving of one of those pyramids.

 “…It is called “Campbell’s Tomb” on the Masonic and Rosicrucian plans, and “that shaft complex,” said Dr. Selim Hassan, “ended in a spacious room, in the center of which was another shaft that descended to a roomy court flanked with seven side chambers…”.

According to reports, inside of the secret rooms were huge, sealed sarcophagi of basalt and granite, 18 feet high.

In 1935, when  Dr. Selim Hassan was exploring the area he wrote:

 “…We are hoping to find some monuments of importance after clearing out this water. The total depth of these series of shafts is more than 40 meters or more than 125 feet… In the course of clearing the southern part of the subway, there was found a very fine head of a statue which is very expressive in every detail of the face…“. (source)

Chapel Of Offerings, Enoch, And Pre-Historic Accounts

In addition to the above, Dr. Selim Hassan also reported the discovery of three inner and outer courts and a room they called the ‘Chapel of offerings,’ cut into a massive rock outcrop found between Campbell’s Tomb and the Great Pyramid.

Reports indicate that at the center of the chapel are three ornate vertical pillars positioned in a triangular-shaped layout. The pillars are extremely important points in the report since their existence is believed to have been recorded in the Bible.

It is believed that Ezra, the initiated Torah writer had knowledge of the existence of the passages and large chambers beneath Giza even before he wrote the Torah.

Interestingly, reports of ‘sophisticated moving machines’ discovered at Giza, together with a previously unknown subterranean city are found in an article written by the Sunday Express of 7 July 1935.

pyramids

However, despite extensive ancient texts documenting the existence of vast tunnels, chambers and passageways underneath Giza, Egyptian Authorities have long denied the existence of these, together with a number of other incredible discoveries in Egypt.

According to reports, the now ‘inaccessible’ underground city can be accessed from inside the Sphinx (but other parts as well), with stairs cut into solid rock, leading down to the cavern system below the bedrock of the river Nile. The huge, complex, underground system below the Giza Plateau extends east, leading towards Cairo.

In an article written in 1972 the following statement was made:

“No one should pay any attention to the preposterous claims in regard to the interior of the Great Pyramid or the presumed passageways and unexcavated temples and halls beneath the sand in the Pyramid district made by those who are as associated with the so-called, secret cults or mystery societies of Egypt and the Orient.

These things exist only in the minds of those who seek to attract the seekers for mystery, and the more we deny the existence of these things, the more the public is led to suspect that we are deliberately trying to hide that which constitutes one of the great secrets of Egypt.

It is better for us to ignore all of these claims than merely deny them. All of our excavations in the territory of the Pyramid have failed to reveal any underground passageways or halls, temples, grottos , or anything of the kind except the one temple adjoining the Sphinx.” (source)

Historical texts document the extensive amount of excavations made during the 20th century, incredible mindboggling discoveries that are kept away from society.

As we have mentioned in previous articles, there is a specific and strict pattern implemented in today’s society where only certain information is released to the world, while most parts are kept locked away from prying eyes, almost as if there is a hidden level of censorship in operation, specifically designed to protect parts of the history belonging to mankind, a species with amnesia.

Source: Ancient-Code.com

Evidence Of Seven Levels Of Infrastructure Beneath The Giza Plateau

Five miles from Cairo stands one of the most ancient and alluring sites in human history. This mystery comprises the three main pyramids of Giza that have come to represent one of the most famous ancient civilizations.

The megalithic stones that form these structures lie on a great plateau, and now investigators have found something else fascinating that lies below the pyramids.

evidence of seven levels of infrastructure beneath the giza plateau

Gregg Braden explains that some of the earliest credible accounts of the Giza Plateau come from the Greek historian and geographer Herodotus, who, in the early 400s B.C.E, compiled a reference book on ancient civilizations, cultures, and technologies predating his time by thousands of years.

Prior to Herodotus, no one had presented a systematic, thorough study of the past, attempting to link events with how they shaped history.

Herodotus speculated there were hidden passages beneath the pyramids, as well as chambers, pathways, and great spaces — all of which were created when the climate and topography of Egypt were very different than it is today.

Herodotus felt that beneath the pyramids lay the remnants of other ancient civilizations.

If Herodotus was correct, the pyramids may be sitting upon the most amazing time capsule in history, revealing not only long-lost cultures but also their technologies and origins saved in the earliest of writings and images.

Two researchers stand out in the search to uncover the underground spaces beneath the pyramids: British Consul General Henry Salt and his hired explorer Giovanni Battista Belzoni.

These men were able to survey the area with the limited technology of their time in the early 1800s and were led by the desert topography to an area at the edge of the Giza Plateau, now an archaeological find of its own called The Tomb of the Birds.

Andrew Collins, the author of Beneath the Pyramids, suggests The Tomb of the Birds was a tribute to a keeper of hidden records and perhaps this site, a stone’s throw from the pyramids, is one of the entryways into the subterranean world beneath Giza.

Modern science backs up Collins’ claim thanks to satellite images, revealing an underground passageway from The Tomb of the Birds to the second pyramid.

This finding had nearly been lost to history but was rediscovered in 2008 when Collins read Salt’s 1817 diary journal.

This is where the story just begins to get interesting, and in the episode titled “Seven Levels Below Giza” from season three of Ancient Civilizations, we learn why.

Giza has long been referred to as Rostau, meaning the “mouth of the passages,” and may be the key to this trove of lost knowledge.

And with the help of British Egyptologist Nigel Skinner-Simpson, Andrew Collins brings new light to Henry Salt’s exploration on the plateau.

According to researcher Anton Parks’ translations of ancient Sumerian tablets, there were seven levels of caves beneath the Giza plateau. This underground system was inhabited by ancient Egyptian gods known as the Clan of Osiris.

Parks’ research found that prior to these extraterrestrial “gods” another species of lion-headed extraterrestrials, known as the Urma, came to Earth and inhabited this underground infrastructure.

This is why we see remnants of their species in the Sphinx and in the Egyptian goddess Sekhmet.

Parks says these seven levels were massive and initially carved by the Mediterranean, which engulfed Egypt thousands of years ago. The first level was inhabited by prisoners and people of the Egyptian court.

The second level was where an underground tributary of the Nile ran through and was where gardens were kept.

On the third level lived hybrids and their gods, as well as the humans dedicated to hybrid offspring. The fourth level housed the Egyptian god royalty.

And the final levels housed the technology that created the artificial atmospheres and power generators to supply energy for the entire infrastructure.

Could this massive underground system still exist?

As with all such mysteries, only time will tell the truth and reveal what has been suspected by so many for so long regarding Giza’s underground system of caves, chambers, and perhaps even hidden treasures.

And it seems that given today’s technology we may be able to peer into lost worlds far below the surface of the pyramids.

Source: Gaia.com

The Lost Sphinx Of Giza — Experts Claim There Was A Second Sphinx Near The Pyramids

A meticulous analysis of Ancient Egyptian history and study of archaeological evidence indicate that there were two sphinxes located at the Giza plateau near the Pyramids, argues a researcher who has spent more than a decade searching for the lost “second” Sphinx.

“Have you ever seen just one Sphinx in later Egypt that didn’t have another? Not only did the ancient Egyptians mention the second Sphinx, but so did the Greeks, Romans, and Muslims. It was destroyed between 1,000 and 1,200 AD.”

Covered by tons of stone and sand, well hidden under the Giza plateau lies one of the greatest mysteries of ancient Egypt.

The Second Sphinx of Giza, an ancient monument that accompanied the one still standing today.

It seems to have disappeared under strange circumstances, but not without leaving us with details that suggest it was as real as the Great Sphinx standing guard near the pyramids today.

This isn’t something an author came up with, but it’s what Bassam El Shammaa thinks, an Egyptologist and scholar who has been tracking the lost Sphinx for more than a decade.

But based on what does he think there was a SECOND Sphinx at the Giza plateau?

Well, first of all, when you think about the ancient history of Egypt, and the Sphinxes that have been found across Egypt, you always find evidence of duality, and that all other sphinxes found in Egypt come in pairs, so the fact that the Sphinx at the Giza plateau is alone can be considered as an anomaly.

And this is exactly what El Shammaa thinks as the idea of two sphinxes existing is more in line with ancient Egyptian beliefs, which were mostly based on duality. But the entire evidence isn’t based just on that fact.

Anyway, in order to come to this controversial conclusion, throughout his years of work El Shammaa has obtained innumerable ancient texts, archaeological data and even an unusual satellite image satellite taken by NASA that seems to corroborate his hypothesis.

“Every time we have to deal with the solar cult, we should discuss of one lion and one lioness facing each other, posing parallel to each other or sitting in a back-to-back position,” says El Shammaa.

The Egyptologist points towards the Egyptian creation myth, where the almighty Atum gives birth to his son Shu and his daughter Tefnut, curiously, in the form of a lion and lioness.

The controversial expert also points out the Dream Stela, believed to have been carved by Thutmosis IV and located between the paws of the Great Sphinx which clearly depicted two sphinxes.

So the second Sphinx of Giza may have been carved in the form of a lioness. But…what happened to the monument?

El Shammaa believes powerful lightning struck the Lioness millennia ago and destroyed it.

According to the researcher, the definitive documentary evidence is found in the Pyramid texts.

There, we can read in the words of the creator god Tuna “I was with two, now I am with one”. Something terrible must have happened.

The theory of the Second Sphinx not only has documentary evidence based on the analysis of the texts and the iconographic representations of the ancient Egyptians.

Bassam has also provided material evidence from NASA’s most up-to-date photographic analysis.

Thanks to the SIR-C / X-SAR photographic study of the American Aerospace Agency, it has been possible to analyze the density of the geological layers that make up the ground and the monuments of the Giza plateau.

Well, with this photograph (below) we can actually see that in the area where Bassam said his the second Sphinx was located, there really was a structure that NASA colored in yellow.

“This signal,” Bassam explains, “is usually received in the form of pulses of a given wavelength ranging from 1 centimeter to 1 meter and corresponding to a frequency range of about 300 MHz up to 30 GHz.

“It produced echoes which become digital information that is then projected onto an image. This is composed of numerous points or pictographic elements, each of which represents a specific place scanned on the ground by the radar. In the case of my working hypothesis, they correspond to the remains of the Second Sphinx.”

“The Endeavor Satellite image released by NASA just above the Pyramids Plateau confirmed the discovery.

“But it makes a lot of sense that lightning could have damaged the Sphinx due to the fact the monument was often depicted with a double metal crown that must have conducted the shock to the neck,” stated El Shammaa.

The Pyramids of Giza predate the mysterious utterances recovered at Saqqara but the lion deities are predynastic and the construction of the pyramids must have been inspired by those mythological figures which had always appeared in duo.

Archaeologist Michael Poe seems to agree with El Shamma, as he is also convinced there was a SECOND Sphinx at Giza.

Poe argues that there is no evidence of Khafre ‘repairing’ the Great Sphinx and that there are ancient texts that corroborate his theory.

Poe wrote:

“There is currently absolutely no archaeological evidence of Khafre ‘repairing’ the Sphinx. There are two ancient Egyptian references, both during the Middle Kingdom, at a considerably later time.

“One has it that Khafre found the Sphinx (which would support the Sphinx is older than Khafre), and that Khafre altered its face.

“This same source (fragmentary papyrus) states that there was another Sphinx facing this one on the other side of the River Nile, and both of the monuments were constructed here to represent the dividing line between Northern and Southern Egypt. The other reference said that Khephren built the Sphinx.”

“Have you ever seen only one Sphinx in later Egypt that didn’t have another? Not only did the ancient Egyptians mention the second Sphinx, but so did the Greeks, Romans, and Muslims. It was destroyed between 1,000 and 1,200 AD.”

“At the access to buildings and temples there are two Sphinxes, side by side, but on the avenue or approach to the temple, they are facing each other. At times they may have as much as 100 or so facing each other in the avenue.

“The Nile is Egypt’s Avenue, and it divides the North and South. Countless ancient writings about the two Sphinxes suggest that they were facing one another.

“The second one, by the way, was partly demolished during a high Nile flood, and then completely destroyed by ensuing Moslems carting it off to rebuild their villages,” concluded Poe.

And as we keep digging we find more evidence of a possible second Sphinx.

Authors Graham Hancock and Robert Bauval also seem to agree about a second Sphinx existing at the Giza plateau and in The Message of the Sphinx , they maintain that the Sphinx was made to represent Atum-Harmachis.

After having demonstrated on paper this suggestive possibility thanks to an exhaustive research work that has taken more than a decade, the only thing left for El Shammaa is to obtain an excavation permit that will help him demonstrate, whether or not there is another Sphinx next to the Great Sphinx of Giza more than 5,000 years ago.

Reference: Ancient-code.com

There Are Secret Chambers Beneath The Pyramids And The Sphinx

Is there really something like “Forbidden Archaeology” or is it just another concept highlighted by conspiracy theorists to suggest archaeologists do not present all of their discoveries to the public?

Some would say it is just nonsense, but there has been a great number of hushed-away discoveries that suggest otherwise.

Many authors indicate that not all discoveries have been made public when it comes to exploring ancient sites and monuments.

Great Sphinx Secrets

Regrettably, this can be said when we speak about the Great Sphinx of Giza, or better said the entire Giza plateau.

A great number of studies have been performed by various institutions and archaeologists which have demonstrated that there are many ‘untold’ secrets beneath the Giza plateau.

Just beneath the majestic Pyramids of Egypt and the great Sphinx, we find a number of cavities and chambers that have remained engulfed in mystery for years.

It is said that these chambers hold answers that could help us understand how ancient civilizations developed in the past, and how advanced they really were.

The Great Sphinx of Giza is interesting for a number of reasons.

First of all, it holds the record as the largest monolith statue on the surface of the planet and is also one of the most mysterious ancient statues ever discovered on Earth.

We have no idea why it was built, who built it, how it was built and what its true purpose really is.

In fact, we have almost no information about the Sphinx whatsoever.

Great Sphinx

We learned a lot about the Sphinx in 1987 when scientists from the Waseda University (Tokyo), under the direction of Sakuji Yoshimura carried out an electromagnetic sounding survey of the Khufu Pyramid and Sphinx.

They discovered something incredible: SEVERAL cavities and tunnels beneath Giza.

But where do these cavities and tunnels lead? What is inside them? Who built them? And what was their exact purpose?

These answers remain an enigma as a great amount of information about the Sphinx is mixed-up in a cloud of mystery.

The Sphinx Is NOT A Solid Monument In The Inside

Yeah, while many believe the Sphinx is solid from the inside, experts from Japan found otherwise.

Scientists from the Waseda University found that south of the Sphinx are hollow parts on the ground and there are cavities ranging from 2 to 3 meters inside.

Furthermore, they also discovered a groove on the Sphinx body that extends beneath the ancient monument.

Researchers discovered that to the north of the Sphinx were similar grooves which indicate there could be a tunnel that leads underneath the Sphinx, connecting the southern and northern cavities.

Furthermore, researchers from Tokyo discovered that there are hollow cavities just in front of the paws of the Sphinx.

These alleged ‘room’s lead below the monument into unexplored parts.

Japanese scientists concluded that the sanctuary of the Sphinx contains more cavities below the Sphinx than were previously known. (Source) (Source) (Reference)

So if these cavities, tunnels, and chambers really do exist, why have we not explored them in more detail?

Why is it that whenever a similar discovery is made, some scholars prefer to ignore the findings instead of perusing their understanding?

In 1991 researchers performed another survey at the Sphinx. They confirmed the discoveries made in 1987 by researchers from the Waseda University.

Thomas Dobecki and John Anthony West explored the region surrounding the Sphinx using seismic refraction, refraction tomography, and seismic reflection.

They discovered subsurface cavities in front of the front left paw, and from the left paw back along the south flank.

The scientific data mentioned above can also be corroborated by a number of images — some of them extremely old — which show without a doubt that there are entrances and tunnels leading beneath the Sphinx.

These images are evidence of shafts and passageways leading towards unexplored chambers underneath the Sphinx.

Sphinx 2 Entrance
Sphinx Entrance

Secrethistoy.wikia.com corroborates this story as the website suggests there is evidence of a large rectangular entrance on top of the hips at the back of the Sphinx.

All of this seems to be backed up in the book Message of the Sphinx, where authors Graham Hancock, and Robert Bauval state that the Egyptian government together with American archaeologists have blocked any investigations around and/or beneath the Great Sphinx, preventing anyone from locating the underground cavities and finding out what is located beneath the Sphinx and the Pyramids.

Oh and… did we forget to mention the fact that there is a great amount of evidence that suggests there was a SECOND Sphinx at Giza?

So if there is scientific evidence to support the idea that there are secret chambers beneath the Giza plateau, and images back up the entire story, why have we not explored these areas in more detail?

Is it really forbidden archaeology? Or are we just that uninterested?

Reference: Ancient-code.com

This Scientific Study States The Sphinx May Be Up To 800,000 Years Old

“…it is the sea level during the Calabrian phase which is the closest to the present mark with the highest GES (Great Egyptian Sphinx) hollow at its level. High level of seawater also caused the Nile overflowing and created long-living water-bodies. As to time, it corresponds to 800,000 years.”

Great, mysterious, almost mystical, shrouded in mystery, millennial, how else would you describe this amazing ancient monument?

It is probably one of the most recognized monuments in the world, one of the icons representative of the power and culture of the ancient Egyptian civilization, cradle, and tomb of pharaohs.

It is ironic then, that the Great Sphinx of Giza is also one of the least understood architectural wonders of ancient Egypt, even though researchers from around the globe have tried to understand when the Sphinx was carved, how, why and what it represents.

But the most mysterious part of the Sphinx is probably its age. Egyptologists estimate that it was sculpted around the XXVI century BC., as part of the funerary complex.

Having a lion’s body and a human head, this strange hybrid being, which we know with the term of the Sphinx, is one of the most striking productions of Egyptian art.

The ancient Egyptians called it Shesep-ankh, “living image,” the name given to the royal statues.

They symbolized the idea of strength and power, and the Pharaoh was generally represented in this form.

This is indicated by the fact that the sphinxes wore Nemes— the striped headcloth worn by pharaohs in ancient Egypt.

This ancient monument faces from West to East and stands on the Giza Plateau on the west bank of the Nile in Giza, Egypt.

The face of the Sphinx is commonly assumed to represent the Pharaoh Khafre.

The Great Sphinx was created by carving a mound of limestone located on the Giza plateau.

It has a height of about twenty meters and the fact of the creatures measures around five meters.

In ancient times it was painted in bright colors: red body and face, and the Nemes that covered the head was decorated with yellow and blue stripes.

A man standing on the shoulder of the Great Sphinx. Notice the size of the monument.

Titled “Geological aspect of the problem of dating the great Egyptian sphinx construction” a study presented in 2008 offers controversial details about the Great Sphinx of Giza, and particularly its age.

As noted by Vjacheslav I. Manichev and Alexander G. Parkhomenko in their study, after all these years of intensive scientific work trying to determine the exact age of the Sphinx, we still have problems coming to an agreement.

“The problem of dating the Great Egyptian Sphinx is still valid, despite the long-term history of its research. A geological approach in connection to other scientific-natural methods allows answering the question about the relative age of the Sphinx. The conducted visual research of the Sphinx allowed the conclusion about the important role of water from large water bodies which partially flooded the structure with the formation of wave-cut hollows on its vertical walls,” wrote experts in the study.

“The morphology of these formations has an analogy with similar hollows formed by the sea in the coastal zones. The genetic similarity of the compared erosion forms and the geological formation and petrographic composition of sedimentary rock complexes lead to a conclusion that the decisive factor of destruction of the Great Sphinx is the wave energy rather than sand abrasion in Eolian process.”

“Voluminous geological literature confirms the fact of the existence of long-living fresh-water lakes in various periods of the Quaternary from the Lower Pleistocene to the Holocene.”

“These lakes were distributed in the territories adjacent to the Nile. The absolute mark of the large upper erosion hollow of the Sphinx corresponds to the level of water surface which took place in the Early Pleistocene.”

“The Great Egyptian Sphinx was already present on the Giza Plateau by that geological (historical) time,” concluded experts.

Manichev and Parkhomenko are convinced that the Great Sphinx had to have been submerged for a long time underwater and, to support this theory, they point towards existing literature of geological studies of the Giza Plateau.

According to a number of studies, it was at the end of the Pliocene geologic period (sometime between 5.2 and 1.6 million years ago) that seawater entered the Nile valley and gradually created flooding in the area.

This phenomenon led to the formation of lacustrine deposits which are at the mark of 180 m above the present level of the Mediterranean Sea.

According to Manichev and Parkhomenko, it is the sea level during the Calabrian phase which is the closest to the present mark with the highest GES (Great Egyptian Sphinx) hollow at its level.

High level of seawater also caused the Nile overflowing and created long-living water-bodies. As to time, it corresponds to 800000 years.

Read the entire study HERE